跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(34.204.180.223) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/08/01 16:08
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:陳政宏
研究生(外文):Cheng-Hung Chen
論文名稱:土壤邊坡之力學行為受不同形成方式之影響
論文名稱(外文):The Effect of Varied Made-up on the Mechanical Behavior of Soil Slope
指導教授:黃添坤黃添坤引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:土木工程學系所
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:79
中文關鍵詞:邊坡
外文關鍵詞:slope
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:115
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
邊坡為地表與水平面不平行具有一傾斜角度者,所以重力分量將使土壤向下移動,當此重力分量足夠大時,邊坡將會發生破壞行為,在工程實務上工程師們希望能以計算的方式求取邊坡的安全性。在傳統上考慮剪應力與土壤之剪力強度是最常被使用的方式,將邊坡透過力學的分析考慮在各種因素的影響下,求取能具有工程穩定性與經濟性之邊坡,此過程即為邊坡穩定分析。
分析邊坡穩定問題,基本上可分為二種主要的方法:一為與土壤應變行為無任何關聯之極限平衡方法,另則為採用土壤應力-應變關係之有限元素分析方法。
本研究針對邊坡填築及開挖兩種方式進行邊坡穩定分析,配合一些範例加以探討,結果顯示(1)開挖的安全係數較填築來的高。(2)不論開挖或填築,隨著分層次數之增加,安全係數均有降低之情形,且逐漸趨於Bishop簡易法所得的安全係數值。(3)分析的網格大小對於開挖與填築而言,其安全係數差異不大。(4)彈性模數E對於邊坡安全係數值也無影響。
目錄
摘要 I
目錄 II
圖目錄 IV
表目錄 V
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機 3
1.3 研究方法 4
1.4 研究內容 5
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2.1 極限分析法 7
2.2 極限平衡法 9
2.3 有限元素分析方法 13
第三章 數值分析方法 21
3.1 剪力強度折減技巧 21
3.2 邊坡破壞的判定 23
3.3 土壤的組構模式 26
第四章 填築形成邊坡之範例分析 29
4.1 ZOU之邊坡範例 29
4.2 填築方式對邊坡穩定之影響 31
4.3 強度參數對邊坡穩定之影響 32
4.3.1 1:1邊坡範例一 32
4.3.2 1:2邊坡範例二 33
4.3.3 2:1邊坡範例三 34
4.4 彈性係數E之影響 35
第五章 開挖形成邊坡之範例分析 52
5.1 開挖方式對邊坡穩定之影響 52
5.2 強度參數對邊坡穩定之影響 54
5.2.1 1:1邊坡範例四 54
5.2.2 1:2邊坡範例五 55
5.2.3 2:1邊坡範例六 56
第六章 結論與建議 74
6.1 結論 74
6.2 建議 75
參考文獻 76
參考文獻
1. 黃添坤,2000,「有限元素法於邊坡穩定分析之應用」,中國土木水利工程學刊,第十二卷,第四期,第695-702頁。

2. 張元良,2004,「以剪力強度折減法進行邊坡穩定分析之研究」,博士論文,國立中興大學土木工程研究所,台中。

3. 鄭富書、黃國品,1998,「有限元素分析應用於大地問題之安全性衡量」,中國土木水利工程學刊,第十卷,第二期,第279-298頁。

4. Baker﹐ R., 1980﹐“Determination of the critical slip surface in slope stability computation”, International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, Vol. 4, pp. 333-359.

5. Bishop, A. W., 1955, “The Use of the Slip Circle in the Stability Analysis of Slopes”, Geotechnique, London, U.K., Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 7-17.

6. Cai, F., Ugai, K., Wakai, A., Li, Q., 1998, “Effects of horizontal drains on slope stability under rainfall by three-dimensional finite element analysis”, Computers and Geotechnics, Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 255-275.

7. Cai, F., Ugai, K., 2000, “Numerical analysis of the stability of a slope reinforced with piles”, Soils and Foundations, Vol. 40, No. 1, pp. 73-84.

8. Cai, F., Ugai, K., 2003, “Reinforcing mechanism of anchors in slopes: a numerical comparison of results of LEM and FEM”, Int. J. Numer. Anal. Meth. Geomech., Vol. 27, pp. 549-564.

9. Chen, W. F., 1975, Limit Analysis and Soil Plasticity, Elsevier, Amsterdam.

10. Chen, W. F.and Saleeb, A. F., 1982, Constitutive Equations for Engineering Materials, Volume 1 : Elasticity and Modeling, New York, John Wiley and Sons.

11. Chen, Z., Wang, X., Haberfield, C., Yin, J., Wang, Y., 2001, “A three-dimensional slope stability analysis method using the upper bound theorem, Part I: theory and methods”, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, Vol. 38, pp. 369-378.

12. Chugh, A. K., 2003, “On the boundary conditions in slope stability analysis”, International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, Vol. 27, pp. 905-926.

13. Dawson, E. M., Roth, W. H. and Drescher, A., 1999, “Slope Stability Analysis by Strength Reduction”, Geotechnique, London, U.K., Vol. 49, No. 6, pp. 835-840.

14. Duncan, J. M. and Chang, C. Y., 1970, “Nonlinear Analysisof Stress and Strain in Soil”, J. Soil Mech. and Found. Div., ASCE, Vol. 96, No. 5, pp. 1629-1653.

15. Duncan, J. M., and Dunlop, P. , 1969, “Slopes in stiff-fissured clay and shales”, Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering Division, ASCE, Vol. 95, No. 2, pp. 467-492.

16. Dunlop, P., and Duncan, J. M., 1970, “Development of Failure around Excavated Slopes”, Journal of Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering Division, ASCE, Vol. 96, No. 2, pp. 471-493.

17. Fredlund, D. G., 1975, “A comprehensive and flexible slope stability program”, Presented at the Roads and Transportation Association of Canada Meeting, Calgary, Alta.

18. Fredlund, D. G. and Krahn, J., 1977, “Comparison of slope stability methods of analysis”, Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 429-439.

19. Griffiths, D. V., 1982, “Computation of bearing capacity factors using finite elements”, Geotechnique,Vol. 32, pp. 195-202.

20. Griffiths, D. V., and Lane, P. A., 1999, “Slope Stability Analysis by Finite Elements”, Geotechnique, London, U.K., Vol. 49, No. 3, pp. 387-403.

21. Janbu, N., 1973, “Slope Stability Computations”, in Embankment-Dam Engineering, Casagrande Volume, Hirschfeld, R. C. and Poulos, S. J. (eds.), John Wiley and Sons, pp. 47-86.

22. Manzari, M. T. and Nour, M. A., 2000, “Significance of Soil Dilatancy in Slope Stability Analysis”, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 126, No. 1, pp. 75-80.

23. Matsui, T. and San, K. C., 1992, “Finite Element Slope Stability Analysis by Shear Strength Reduction Technique”, Soils and Foundations, Vol. 32, No. 1, pp. 59-70.

24. Michalowski, R. L., 1995, “Slope Stability Analysis: A Kinematical Approach”, Geotechnique, Vol. 45, No. 2, pp. 283-293.

25. Morgenstern, N. R. and Price, V. E., 1965, “The Analysis of the Stability of General Slip Surfaces”, Geotechnique, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 79-93.

26. Smith, I. M. and Griffiths, D. V., 1988, Programming the Finite Element Method, 2nd edition, Wiley, Chichester, U. K.

27. Smith, I. M. and Griffiths, D. V., 1998, Programming the Finite Element Method, 3rd edition, New York, John Wiley and Sons.

28. Smith, I. M. and Hobbs, R., 1974, “Finite element analysis of centrifuged and built-up slopes”, Geotechnique, London, 24(4), pp.531-559.

29. Spencer, E., 1967, “A Method of Analysis of the Stability of Embankments Assuming Parallel Interslice Forces”, Geotechnique, London, U.K., Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 11-26.

30. Stark, T. D. and Eid, H. T., 1998, “Performance of three-dimensional slope stability methods in practice”, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, Vol. 124, No. 11, pp. 1049-1060.

31. Terzaghi, K. and Peck, R. B., 1967, Soil mechanics in engineer practice (2nd ed.), John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, N. Y.

32. Ugai, K., 1989, “A Method of Calculation of Total Factor of Safety of Slopes by Elaso-Plastic FEM”, Soils and Foundations, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 190-195.

33. Ugai, K. and Leshchinsky, D., 1995, “Three-Dimensional Limit Equilibrium and Finite Element Analysis : A Comparison of Results,” Soils and Foundations , Vol. 35, No. 4, pp. 1-7.

34. Wright, S. G., Kulhawy, F. H., and Duncan, J. M., 1973, “Accuracy of Equilibrium Slope Stability Analysis”, Journal of Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering Division, ASCE, Vol. 99, No. 10, pp. 783-791.

35. Wroth, C. P. and Simpson, B., 1972, “An induced failure at trial embankment: Part finite element computations”, Proc. Perf. Of Earth and Earth-Supported Struct, ASCE, New York, Vol. I, pp. 65-79.

36. Zhang, X., 1988, “Three-dimensional stability analysis of concave slopes in plan view”, ASCE, Jouornal of Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 114, pp. 658-671.

37. Zienkiewicz, O. C., 1971, The Finite Element Method in Engineering Science, McGraw-Hill, New York.

38. Zou, J. Z., Williams, D. J., and Xiong, W. L. (1995). “Search for critical slip Surfaces Based on Finite Element Method”, Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 32, pp. 233-246.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top