跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(18.206.76.226) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/30 23:27
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:李芝瑛
研究生(外文):Chih-Ying Lee
論文名稱:RC建築結構勁度折減損壞指標與損壞程度關係研究
論文名稱(外文):A study on the Relationship between Stiffness Reduction- Based Damage Index and Damage Degree for RC Buildings
指導教授:林其璋林其璋引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chi-Chanh Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:土木工程學系所
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:55
中文關鍵詞:損壞指標Bouc-Wen遲滯模式損壞評估RC結構
外文關鍵詞:damage indexBouc-Wen modeldamage assessmentRC structural
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:172
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
結構損壞指標(Damage Index)為結構健康監測(Structural Healthy Monitoring, SHM)與損壞診斷評估之重要依據,一完善之損壞指標除能以量化數值顯示有無損壞之外,亦須能反映結構損壞輕重程度,方能作為結構安全警示及補強與否之決策依據。結構損壞後將產生勁度、強度與韌性折減,其中勁度反映於結構線彈性振動反應中,故許多損壞評估方法均以勁度折減為依據,然而目前尚未有完整研究探討勁度折減量與結構損壞程度之直接關係。
本文以Bouc-Wen非線性遲滯模式模擬鋼筋混凝土(RC)結構於反覆載重作用下勁度、強度、與韌性之衰減行為,針對純梁柱構架與含牆構架進行不同載重歷程之結構初始勁度分析,同時計算對應之Park與Ang損壞指標DIPA(1985),以求得漸近初始勁度折減與DIPA關係曲線,再藉由損壞程度區分已定義完善之DIPA將勁度折減與損壞程度予以關聯。經由數值分析與實際載重試驗資料,本文提出RC結構有無含牆勁度折減與損壞程度之關係圖表,將可應用於勁度型損壞指標之損壞程度判定,使其更具務實應用價值。
Damage Index is essential in structural health monitoring (SHM) and damage assessment. A decent damage index is able to detect the existence of damage and provide a quantified number along with a physical interpretation of damage degree. It can then be applied to the warning of structural safety and to the decision making of structural retrofit. Damage in structures induces the degradations of stiffness, strength, and ductility. Stiffness is the only parameter that can be extracted from the elastic vibration of structure. Thus, many damage assessment approaches are on the basis of change of structural stiffness. However, the damage degree corresponding to a certain stiffness change remains unclear.
This thesis primarily investigates the relationship between the stiffness reduction and damage severity of RC structures for the decision making of stiffness-based damage assessment. In this study, the relation charts of stiffness reduction versus index DIPA by Park and Ang are established based on nonlinear structural response simulated by Bouc-Wen hysterestic model and cyclic loading test data of RC frames. Then, the damage severity corresponding to a specific stiffness-based-damage-index value can be determined according to the well-established damage classification of DIPA. Besides verification by numerical simulations and experimental data, the proposed method is employed to damage assessment of real buildings, which demonstrates its applicability in practice.
謝誌..................................................i
中文摘要.............................................ii
Abstract............................................iii
目錄.................................................iv
表格目錄...........................................viii
圖形目錄..............................................x
第一章 緒論...........................................1
1.1 研究動機與目的....................................1
1.2 文獻回顧..........................................2
1.2.1 損壞指標........................................2
1.2.2 非線性遲滯模式..................................4
1.3 本文內容..........................................6
第二章 結構損壞指標簡介...............................8
2.1 勁度型損壞指標SDI、ASDI[19].......................8
2.1.1 結構動態與特徵方程式............................8
2.1.2 層間損壞指標...................................11
2.2 位移型損壞指標DIPA...............................12
第三章 Bouc-Wen結構非線性變形遲滯模式................15
3.1 Bouc-Wen模式簡介.................................15
3.2 Bouc-Wen 模式參數分析及數值模擬..................17
3.2.1 形狀參數對遲滯圈之影響.........................18
3.2.2 強度折減與勁度折減參數對遲滯圈之影響...........19
3.2.3 擠壓效應對遲滯圈之影響.........................19
3.3 RC結構之非線性遲滯模式行為.......................20
3.3.1 有無牆體之構架遲滯特性.........................20
3.3.2 不同韌性之構架遲滯特性.........................22
第四章 勁度折減與DIPA損壞指標之關係..................24
4.1 結構初始勁度折減與DIPA...........................24
4.1.1 結構初始勁度之萃取.............................24
4.1.2 不同載重進程之DIPA計算.........................25
4.1.3 結構初始勁度折減與DIPA之關係曲線計算流程.......26
4.2 RC結構初始勁度折減與DIPA之關係曲線...............29
4.2.1 有無牆體之影響.................................29
4.2.2 不同韌性之構架之影響...........................31
4.3 Bouc-Wen模式參數變異之影響.......................32
4.3.1 形狀參數之影響.................................33
4.3.2 強度折減與勁度折減參數之影響...................33
4.3.3 擠壓效應、βd與Δu,mon之影響...................34
4.4 四種RC結構之初始勁度折減與損壞分類...............36
4.5 依據結構反覆載重試驗資料進行驗證.................37
4.5.1 反覆載重試驗簡介...............................37
4.5.2 勁度折減與DIPA關係計算流程.....................38
4.5.3 結果比較與驗證.................................38
第五章 RC結構震後健康診斷............................40
5.1 數值模擬.........................................40
5.1.1 非線性結構模式之弱震與強震反應模擬.............40
5.1.2 線彈性系統之參數識別...........................41
5.1.3 ASDI損害診斷...................................42
5.2 實測RC結構分析...................................43
5.2.1 結構簡介.......................................43
5.2.2 受震前後系統參數識別...........................44
5.2.3 損害診斷分析...................................46
第六章 結論與建議....................................49
參考文獻.............................................51
表格.................................................56
圖形.................................................75
1.Elenas, A., and Meskouris, K., “Correlation Study Between Seismic Acceleration Parameters and Damage Indices of Structures”, Engineering Structures, 23, pp. 698-704, 2001.
2.Park, Y. J., Ang, A. H-S., “Mechanistic Seismic Damage Model for Reinforced Concrete”, Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, 111(4), pp. 722-739, 1985.
3.Allemang, R. J., and Brown, D. L., “A Correlation Coefficient for Modal Vector Analysis”, Proceedings of the International Modal Analysis Conference & Exhibit, pp. 110-116, 1982.
4.Lieven, N. A. J., and Ewins, D. J., “Spatial Correlation of Mode Shapes, the Coordinate Modal Assurance Criterion (COMAC)”, Proceedings of the Sixth International Modal Analysis Conference, pp. 690-695, 1988.
5.Pandey, A. K., Biswas, M., and Samman, M. M., “Damage Detection from Changes in Curvature Mode Shapes”, Journal of Sound and Vibration, 145, pp. 321-332, 1991.
6.Pandey, A. K., Biswas, M., “Damage Detection in Structures using Changes in Flexibility”, Journal of Sound and Vibration, 169(1), pp. 3-17, 1994.
7.Farrar, C. R., and Jauregui, D. A., “Comparative Study of Damage Identification Algorithms Applied to a Bridge”, Smart Materials and Structures, 7, pp. 704-731, 1998.
8.Powell, G. H. and Allahabadi, R., “Seismic Damage Prediction by Deterministic Methods: Concepts and Procedures,” Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 16, pp.719-734, 1988.
9.Toussi, S. and Yao, J. P. T., “Assessment of Damage Using the Theory of Evidence,” Structural Safety, Vol. 1, pp. 107-121, 1982.
10.Sözen, M. A., “Review of Earthquake Response of Reinforced Concrete Buildings with a View to drift control,” State-of-the-art in Earthquake Engineering, Turkish National Committee on Earthquake Engineering, Istanbul, Turkey, pp. 383-418, 1981.
11.Banon, H. and Veneziano, D., “Seismic Safety of Reinforced Concrete Members and Structures”, Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 10, pp. 179-193, 1982.
12.Bozorgnia, Y., and Bertero, V. V., “Near-real-time Post-earthquake Damage Assessment Based on Reliable Damage Indices and Damage Spectra”, Proceedings of 7th US National Conference on Earthquake Engineering, July 2002, Boston, pp.363, 2002.
13.Bozorgnia, Y., and Bertero, V. V., “Improved Shaking and Damage Pparameters for Post-earthquake Applications”, Proceedings of SMIP01 Seminar on Utilization of Strong Motion Data, Los Angeles, CA, September 12, 2001.
14.Kim, H. S., and Chun, Y. S., “Structural Damage Assessment of Building Structures Using Dynamic Experimental Data”, Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings, 13, pp. 1-8, 2004.
15.Kim, J. T., Ryu, Y. S., Cho, H. M., and Stubbs, N., “Damage Identification in Beam-Type Structures: Frequency-Based Method vs Mode-Shape-Based Method”, Engineering Structures, 25, pp. 57-67, 2003.
16.Lin, C. C., Wang, C. E., Wu, H. W., and Wang, J. F., “On-Line Building Damage Assessment Based on Earthquake Records”, Smart Materials and Structures, 14, pp. 137-153, 2005.
17.Wang, J. F., Lin, C. C., and Yen, S. M., “Story Damage Index of Seismically- Excited Buildings Based on Modal Parameters”, Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology (SMiRT18), Paper No. K07_7, Beijing, China, August 7-12, 2005.
18.Wang, J. F., and Lin, C. C., “Damage Assessment of Irregular Building Using an Innovative Story Damage Index”, International Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring and Damage Assessment, pp. III-1~III-27, Taichung, Taiwan, R.O.C., December 14-15, 2006.
19.Wang, J. F., Lin, C. C., and Yen, S. M., “A Story Damage Index of Seismically- Excited Buildings Based on Modal Frequency and Mode Shape”, Engineering Structures, Vol. 29, pp. 2143-2157, 2007.
20.顏士閔,“依識別模態參數之建築結構層間損壞指標”,國立中興大學土木工程學系碩士論文(林其璋 教授指導),2005。
21.Clough, R. W., Johnston, S. B., “Effects of stiffness degradation on earthquakes ductility requirements”, Report No. 66-16, Department of Civil Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, October 1966.
22.DiPasquale, E., Çakmak, A. S., “Detection of Seismic Structural Damage Using Parameter-based Global Damage Indices”, Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics, 5, pp. 60-65, 1990.
23.Köylüoğlu, H. U., Nielsen S. R. K., Çakmak, A. S., Kirkegaard, P. H., “Prediction of Global and Localized Damage and Future Reliability for RC Structures Subject to Earthquakes”, Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 26, pp. 463-475, 1997.
24.Gupta, V. K., Nielsen, S.R.K., and Kirkegaard, P.H., “A Preliminary Prediction of Seismic Damage-Based Degradation in RC Structures”, Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 30, pp. 981-993, 2001.
25.Bouc, R., “Forced Vibration of Mechanical Systems with Hysteresis”, Proceeding of the 4th Conference on Nonlinear Oscillations, Prague, Czechoslovakia, 1976.
26.Wen, Y. K., “Method for Random Vibration of Hysteretic Systems”, Journal of Engineering Mechanics, ASCE, Vol. 102, pp. 249-263, 1976.
27.Baber, T. T. , Wen, Y. K., “Random Vibration of Hysteretic Degrading Systems”, Journal of Engineering Mechanics, ASCE, Vol. 107, pp. 1069-1087, 1981.
28.Baber, T. T., Noori, M. N., “Modeling General Hysteresis Behavior and Random Vibration Application”, Journal of Vibration, Acoustics, Stress, and Reliability in Design, ASCE, Vol. 108, pp. 411-420, 1986.
29.Wen, Y. K., “Equivalent Linearization for Hysteretic System Under Random Excitation”, Journal of Applied Mechanics, ASME, Vol. 47, pp. 150-154, 1980.
30.Loh, C. H., Chung, S. T., “A Three-Stage Identification Approach for Hysteretic Systems”, Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 22, pp. 129-150, 1993.
31.Lin, J. S., Zhang, Y., “Nonlinear Structural Identification Using Extended Kalman Filter”, Computers & Structural, Vol. 52, No. 4, pp. 757-764, 1994.
32.Folinete, G. C., “Hysteresis Modeling of Wood Joints and Structural System”, Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 121, No. 6, pp. 1013-1022, 1995.
33.Folinete, G. C., Singh, M. P., Noori, M. N., “Equivalent Linearization of Generally Pinching Hysteretic, Degrading Systems ”, Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 25, pp. 611-629, 1996.
34.Kunnath, S. K., Mander, J. B., and Lee, F., “Parameters Identification for Degrading and Pinched Hysteretic Structural Concrete Systems”, Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 224-232, 1997.
35.楊廣強,Spencer B.E, “足尺磁流變阻尼器的建模及動態特性”[J],地震工程與工程震動,21(4),pp. 8-23,2001。
36.黃建文,趙斌,“疊層橡膠支座機處隔震建築的非線性時程分析”[J],西安科技學院學報,20(4),pp. 317-321,2002。
37.賴志青,“隔震橋梁的非線性系統識別”,國立台灣大學土木工程學研究所碩士論文(田堯彰 教授指導),2006。
38.鐘昇財,“建築結構系統之有效地震力需求研究”,國立台灣大學土木工程學研究所博士論文(羅俊雄 教授指導),2002。
39.Park, Y. J., “Seismic Damage Analysis and Damage-Limiting Design of R/C Structures. PhD Thesis, Department of Civil Engineering University of lllinois, Urbana, 1985.
40.Park, Y. J., Ang, A.H-S., and Wen, Y. K., “Damage-Limiting Seismic Design Buildings”, Earthquake Spectra, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 1-26, 1987.
41.Mahin, S. A. and Bertero, V. V., “Problems in Establishing and Prediction Ductility in Aseismic Design”, Proceedings of the International symposium on Earthquake Structural Engineering, St. Luis, Missouri, pp. 613-628, August 1976.

42.Mahin, S. A. and Bertero, V. V., “An Evalution of Inelastic Seismic Spectra,” Journal of Structural Division, ASCE, Vol. 107, No. ST9, pp. 1777-1795, 1981.
43.Cosenza, E., Manfredi, G., and Ramasco, R, “The Use of Damage Functionals in Earthquake Engineering: A Comparison Between Different Methods,” Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 22, pp. 855-868, 1993.
44.Fajfar, P., “Equivalent Ductility Factors, Taking into Account Low-Cycle Fatigue,” Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 21, pp. 837-848, 1992.
45.Hindi, R. A., and Sexsmith, R. G., “A Proposed Damage Model for RC Bridge Columns under Cyclic Loading”, Earthquake Spectra, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 261-285, 2001.
46.Ma, F., Zhang, H., Bockstedte, A., Foliente, G. C. and Paevere, P., “Parameter Analysis of the Differential Model of Hysteresis”, Journal of Applied Mechanics, ASME, 71, pp. 342-349.
47.Sues, R. H., Mau, S. T., and Wen, Y. K., “Systems Identification of Degrading Hysteretic Restoring Forces”, Journal of Engineering Mechanics, Vol. 114, No. 5, May, 1988.
48.鐘昇財,“非線性結構之系統識別研究”,國立台灣大學土木工程學研究所碩士論文(羅俊雄 教授指導),1991。
49.Ma, F., Ng, C. H. and Ajavakom, N., “On System Identification and Response Prediction of Degrading Structures”, Structural Control and Health Monitoring, Vol. 13, pp. 347-364, 2006.
50.李有豐,林彥傑,黃昭勳,蔡驥鑫,“非韌性含牆RC構架快速修復與耐震補強工法之研究”,中華民國建築學會建築學報,No. 44,pp. 57-59,2003。
51.Berry, M., Parrish, M., Eberhard, M., “PEER Structural Performance Database User''s Manual (Version 1.0)”, Report No. EEC-9701568, Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California, Berkeley, 2004.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top