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研究生:陳瀅茹
研究生(外文):Ying-Ru Chen
論文名稱:泥岩地區農塘景觀結構與生物群聚關係之研究
論文名稱(外文):Studies on the Relationship Between Landscape Structure and Species Distribution in Farm Ponds at Mudstone Areas
指導教授:林信輝林信輝引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shin-Hwei Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:水土保持學系所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:水土保持學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:102
中文關鍵詞:泥岩農塘景觀生態學景觀結構指數生物多樣性熱點
外文關鍵詞:Mudstone AreaFarm PondsLandscape EcologyLandscape Structure IndexBiodiversity Hotspot
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:7
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
農塘為早期農民蓄積雨水所供給農業灌溉之用,其生態環境之不可回復性與生態過渡棲地價值卻時常被忽略,而台灣西南部泥岩地區受到理化性質影響而缺乏地下水,故農塘眾多,因此本研究以台南縣牛埔村泥岩地區農塘作為研究基地,探討農塘生物群聚與景觀結構間的關係。

本研究利用景觀生態學理論,首先進行現場鳥類及兩棲爬蟲類調查、土地利用分類及地理資訊系統之操作,藉由景觀結構指數計算、Pearson相關係數之比較,剖析泥岩農塘型態及其周邊土地利用與生物資源之關係。再者,因考量農塘之生物多樣性與生態平衡,常受到政策與經費影響無法進行全面性保育,因此利用生態多樣性熱點概念檢視農塘保育之優先順序,並探討熱點與景觀層級指數之判定係數,可將其應用在人力無法到達之農塘地點,以供未來保育區治理使用。

研究結果指出農塘面積越大、形狀越不規則,附近之鳥類與兩棲爬蟲類物種越多、數量越豐富和多樣性越高,同時也證明當農塘附近之兩棲爬蟲類多樣性越大且總數量越多,也會正面影響鳥類之多樣性和總數量。在農塘周邊土地利用類別層級與鳥類及兩棲爬蟲類之相關分析中,農地及道路確實有生態衝擊影響;林地、草地及水體皆對生態群聚有正面之影響;而在農塘周圍之泥岩裸露其相關性指出乃正面影響鳥類與兩棲爬蟲類之物種多樣性及總數量,因此區之泥岩周遭常伴隨著竹林地,且泥岩受雨水沖蝕之蝕溝地形,也可提供兩棲爬蟲類隱蔽空間。分析結果同時顯示景觀層級指數對生物多樣性熱點之影響力,以TA(全景觀面積)為首要,其次為SHEI(Shannon均勻度指數),再者為LNP(總景觀塊區數),此結果將可作為調查人員較無法到達、可及性也較低之農塘生態群落情況參考依據。

最後,本研究依據分析找出牛輔村之農塘生態熱點,可將此概念避免因農村建設而導致重要生物多樣性熱點農塘消失,影響生態系平衡,達到保護牛埔村農塘生態多樣性與生態平衡之目的。
In the past, farmers stored rainwater into the farm ponds for irrigation, on the other hand; its unrecoverable eco-environment and value of ecological transition were neglected usually. Moreover, the southwest area of Taiwan always lacks ground water for the influence of physical and chemistry, so it has many farm ponds. Therefore, this study focuses on researching the relation between the species distribution of farm ponds and the landscape structure at Neopu village in Tainan County.

In this study, this research first follows the theory of landscape ecology to investigate birds, amphibians and reptiles on-site, to classify the land, and to operate the Geographic Information System. In addition, from the landscape structure index and the comparison of Pearson''s correlation coefficient, this research analyzes the connection with the types of farm ponds at mudstone area. Besides, for saving the preserve in the future, we maybe focus on the farm ponds that investigators can not be reached, and use the hot-spot diversity of ecology to preserve the farm ponds in order.

This results shows that when the farm ponds had bigger area and more irregular contour, the birds, amphibious and reptile species had higher diversity. According to the related analysis of the farm ponds between class level of land use and the birds, amphibious and reptile species, farmland and road have influence their species. And there is an overall positive influence on ecological clustering in the forest land, meadow, mudstone area and water around farm ponds.The results also shows the effectiveness of landscape level index to the hot-spot of biodiversity. TA(Total Area)is primary, SHEI(Shannon''s Evenness Index)is the second, LNP(Landscape Patch Number)is the third. This result provides the reference resources in the farm ponds that ecological community the investigators is unable to reach.

Finally, this research finds the hotspots of farm ponds’ according to the analysis result. This strategy will help preventing farm ponds of biodiversity hotspots from disappearing due to the countryside construction, affecting the balance of ecosystem. Also, then obtains the goal of protecting the ecological variety and ecological balance at Neopu Village.
目錄 I
表目錄 II
圖目錄 III
壹、前言 1
一、研究動機 1
二、研究目的 2
貳、文獻回顧 3
一、景觀生態結構 3
二、航照影像與土地利用分類 16
三、島嶼生物地理學與生物多樣性熱點之關係 20
参、研究材料與方法 24
一、研究流程與限制 24
二、樣區概述 26
三、研究方法 31
肆、結果與討論 46
一、生物資料概述 46
二、景觀生態結構與生態資料相關分析 51
三、生物多樣性熱點分析 64
伍、結論與建議 70
一、結論 70
二、後續研究建議 71
參考文獻 72
附錄一、鳥類調查種類名錄 80
附錄二、鳥類調查種類及隻數 82
附錄三、兩棲爬蟲類調查種類名錄 84
附錄四、兩棲爬蟲類調查種類及隻數 85
附錄五、農塘周圍之土地利用分類數化結果 87
附錄六、農塘樣區之景觀生態結構指數值 92
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三、參考網頁
1.http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/technical/stream_restoration/scrhimage.htm
2.http://www.biodiversityhotspots.org/Pages/default.aspx
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