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研究生:陳吉欽
研究生(外文):Chi-Chin Chen
論文名稱:EDTA螯合三價鐵活化過硫酸鹽氧化三氯乙烯
論文名稱(外文):EDTA chelated ferric ion activated persulfate oxidation of trichloroethylene
指導教授:梁振儒梁振儒引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:環境工程學系所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:105
中文關鍵詞:現址化學氧化法硫酸根自由基氫氧根自由基氯化有機溶劑
外文關鍵詞:ISCOsulfate free radicalhydroxyl radicalchlorinated solvent
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:5
  • 點閱點閱:349
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
亞鐵離子活化過硫酸鹽(persulfate, S2O82-)生成硫酸根自由基(SO4-•, E0~2.6 V)可有效氧化三氯乙烯(trichloroethylene, TCE),但此方式會受限於SO4-•被過多亞鐵離子之存在而攫取抑制及Fe2+會快速氧化轉換為Fe3+。本研究探討以EDTA(ethylediaminetetraacetic acid)螯合Fe3+於pH 3、7、10條件下活化過硫酸鹽降解三氯乙烯之效能。
實驗結果顯示Fe3+和EDTA單獨存在時,並不會造成過硫酸鹽之降解。然而,EDTA/Fe3+螯合物可有效地活化S2O82-,並予以降解TCE。於較高pH條件下,EDTA/Fe3+活化過硫酸鹽系統中,因TCE之存在於氧化過程中可能造成鐵還原循環以活化過硫酸鹽,因而引起過硫酸鹽和EDTA快速降解。當反應系統中pH值增加則會加速TCE、S2O82-和EDTA之降解速率及氯離子之生成速率,其反應速率皆符合假一階反應動力。
因此,於pH 10條件下,改變EDTA/Fe3+螯合比實驗結果顯示,螯合比1/1條件相較其他比例,獲得較高TCE降解速率。由不同氧化劑量實驗結果可知,較高過硫酸鹽劑量於EDTA/Fe3+螯合比1/1時能提升TCE降解速率,但若過高過硫酸鹽濃度,僅會增加過硫酸鹽之降解速率,並無法提升TCE降解速率。綜觀實驗結果得知,於ISCO之應用上以EDTA螯合三價鐵活化過硫酸鹽以降解三氯乙烯,具有發展潛力。
中文摘要……….……………………………………………………I
英文摘要……………………………………………………………II
目錄……………………………………………………………….III
表目錄………………………………………………………………VI
圖目錄……………………………………………………………VIII
第ㄧ章 前言………………………………………………………1
1-1 研究緣起…………………………………………………1
1-2 研究目的…………………………………………………3
第二章 文獻回顧………………………………………………4
2-1 三氯乙烯污染概述…………………………………………4
2-1-1 三氯乙烯物化特性…………………………………4
2-1-2 三氯乙烯土壤及地下水污染………………………7
2-1-3 土壤及地下水污染整治方法……………………………9
2-2 過硫酸鹽之氧化原理及影響因素…………………………18
2-2-1 過硫酸鹽基本化學特性…………………………………18
2-2-2 硫酸根自由基之化學介紹………………………………20
2-2-3 過硫酸鹽處理技術及發展現況…………………………25
2-3 EDTA基本特性及應用………………………………………28
2-3-1 EDTA物化特性……………………………………………28
2-3-2 EDTA螯合特性 ………………………………………….29
2-3-3 EDTA於污染整治上之應用………………………………37
第三章 研究材料及方法……………………………………….43
3-1 實驗流程……………………………………………………43
3-2 實驗儀器及藥品…………………………………………47
3-3 實驗分析方法………………………………………………50
第四章 結果與討論…………………………………………….57
4-1 EDTA/Fe3+於不同pH下活化過硫酸鹽………………….57
4-1-1 Fe3+對過硫酸鹽降解之影響……………………………57
4-1-2 EDTA對過硫酸鹽降解之影響……………………………59
4-1-3 EDTA/Fe3+對過硫酸鹽降解之影響…………………….61
4-2 EDTA/Fe3+於不同pH下活化過硫酸鹽氧化三氯乙烯….66
4-2-1 EDTA/Fe3+或Fe3+對三氯乙烯降解之影響…………….68
4-2-2 過硫酸鹽對三氯乙烯降解之影響………………………72
4-2-3 Fe3+活化過硫酸鹽對三氯乙烯降解之影響……………76
4-2-4 EDTA/Fe3+活化過硫酸鹽降解三氯乙烯之影響……….79
4-3 EDTA/Fe3+螯合比對活化過硫酸鹽降解TCE之影響……84
4-4 氧化劑量對EDTA螯合鐵活化過硫酸鹽降解TCE之影響.88
第五章 結論與建議…………………………………………….92
5-1 結論…………………………………………………………92
5-2 建議…………………………………………………………94
參考文獻…………………………………………………………95
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