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研究生:張耀仁
研究生(外文):Yao-Jen Chang
論文名稱:都市廢棄物管理決策支援系統之建立-以台灣中部地區為例
論文名稱(外文):Development of decision support system for municipal solid waste management in central Taiwan
指導教授:林明德林明德引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:環境工程學系所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:都市廢棄物焚化廠線性規劃決策支援系統
外文關鍵詞:MSWIncineratorLinear ProgrammingDecision Support System
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台灣地區都市廢棄物政策經過數次變革後,質與量均產生相當大的變化,其中原本為提升廢棄物處理率所推動的垃圾焚化廠興建計畫,由於資源回收政策之落實,垃圾產量遽減,因此數座規劃中之焚化廠被迫停建,導致各縣市焚化廠之分配不均。以台灣中部地區為例,南投縣境並無焚化廠,在零掩埋的廢棄物處理政策下,其垃圾勢必運送至其他縣市之焚化廠處理,因此需要一套完整的區域性、跨縣市之廢棄物管理策略。本研究即利用Matlab建立「都市廢棄物管理決策支援系統」,透過線性規劃的技術,以及人性化的圖形操作介面,分析台灣中部六縣市在不同的主客觀限制條件下之最佳跨縣市垃圾聯合處理策略,提供決策者作為參考,以及使用此系統探討焚化廠歲修、停運、轉型(退場)、灰渣場設置、運送成本調整等策略對於管理系統的影響。經由最佳化分析顯示,中部地區之一般生活垃圾應實行跨區聯合處理,才能達到最小營運成本。各項管理策略探討顯示,烏日焚化廠為目前中部地區影響層面最廣泛的焚化廠;南屯焚化廠相對於其他焚化廠較無顯著之影響,建議可優先退出營運或轉型;若未來垃圾產量持續衰減,則可再考慮由竹南或林內退出營運或轉型。而經由以上分析及應用,可證實本研究所建立之都市廢棄物管理決策支援系統為相當有效率的決策分析工具。
The quality and quantity of MSW produce great changes after several innovation of the management policy in Taiwan area. Original, pushing incinerator set proposal for improving the handling rate of MSW. But, practicing of the resource recovery policy, leaded to generation of MSW decrease fast. Now, it has stop to build several incinerator that finished planning. But incinerator distribution emerged unbalance in every district. In the central Taiwan, it has no incinerator for treating MSW in Nantou county. In zero landfill policy, MSW would transport other incinerator processing. Therefore, it need a completed regional MSW management scenarios. In this study will create MSW management decision support system (MSWMDSS). Decision maker can use linear programming (LP) and friendly operation interface to analyze MSW optimization treated scenarios together in different constraints for six districts in the central Taiwan, and can explore influence of incinerator at annual repairs, stop operation, transform operation, set of ash treatment modify of transportation cost for management system. In optimization analysis, if it reached minimum cost, then MSW must treat together with every district in central Taiwan. The results of exploring each scenario, the most levels of influence are Wurih incinerator, and Nantun incinerator is least advantage in the central Taiwan, therefore, Nantun incinerator can be transform or quit operating priority. If MSW generation will continue decreasing, Linnei and Jhunan incinerator can be consider to transform or quit operating. Through the analysis and application, demonstrated MSWMDSS is efficiency decision and analysis tool.
中文摘要 i
Abstract ii
目錄 iii
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 ix
第一章 前言 1
1.1 背景動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究內容 3
1.4 研究流程 4
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2.1 台灣地區都市廢棄物管理政策之變革 6
2.2 台灣地區都市廢棄物管現況 7
2.2.1 全臺灣地區 7
2.2.2 臺灣中部地區 10
2.2.3 政策評析 11
2.3 決策支援系統 12
2.3.1 DSS的定義 12
2.3.2 DSS的類型 13
2.3.3 DSS的能力 14
2.3.4 DSS的架構 16
2.3.5 DSS相關之研究 19
2.3.6 文獻小結 21
2.4 都市廢棄物管理 22
2.4.1 線性規劃 22
2.4.2 都市廢棄物管理相關之研究 23
2.4.3 文獻小結 25
第三章 研究方法 26
3.1 研究架構 26
3.2 系統開發工具簡介 27
3.3 管理決策模式 28
3.3.1 決策模式建置程序 28
3.3.2 台灣中部地區都市廢棄物管理決策模式 30
3.4 資料庫系統 35
3.4.1 資料管理系統建置方法 35
3.4.2 資料庫系統建置 36
3.5 圖形化使用者介面 38
3.5.1 圖形化介面建置程序 38
3.5.2 決策系統之圖形化介面設計架構 40
3.6 MSWMDSS之應用 41
第四章 結果與討論 43
4.1 MSWMDSS功能說明 43
4.2 MSWMDSS之應用 51
4.2.1 管理系統最佳化分析 51
4.2.2 相關管理策略之探討 53
4.2.2.1 焚化廠歲修停爐或完全停止營運 53
4.2.2.2 焚化廠轉型(退場)機制 60
4.2.2.3 灰渣場設置問題 65
4.2.2.4 運費調整 68
第五章 結論與建議 72
5.1 結論 72
5.2 建議 73
參考文獻 74
附錄一、模式參數 81
附錄二、運算結果 87
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