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研究生:黃斌源
研究生(外文):Ping-Yuan Huang
論文名稱:台灣沿岸附生矽藻群集在人工與天然硬基質上的差異
論文名稱(外文):Differences in diatom community between artificial and natural hard substrates on the coast of Taiwan
指導教授:林幸助林幸助引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsing-Juh Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:生命科學系所
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:葉綠素a區域時間PRIMERMDS
外文關鍵詞:Chlorophyll aRegionTimePRIMERMDS
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
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台灣四面環海,然而海岸人工化的比例已超過49 %,對海岸生態系統勢必造成一定程度的衝擊。附生矽藻是潮間帶重要的基礎生產者,其群集變化能做為環境變化的指標,但熱帶海岸生態系統的資料卻很少,因此有必要去瞭解海岸人工基質對附生矽藻群集的影響。
本研究採集台灣北部、西部、東部及南部海岸天然礁岩及消波塊上的附生矽藻,探討不同基質、區域及時間對附生矽藻在豐度與群集上的影響。結果顯示,葉綠素a含量在區域與時間因子間有顯著的交互作用,因為在不同時間及區域之葉綠素a含量變化趨勢不同,而基質對葉綠素a含量是沒有影響的。在藻種群集方面,基質、區域及時間對附生矽藻之藻種數亦有顯著交互作用。區域與時間對藻種歧異度指數(H’)亦有顯著的交互作用,而天然基質較人工基質有較高的藻種歧異度。以Cluster及MDS(multi-dimensional scaling)分析藻種群集結果顯示,時間因子明顯的較區域及基質因子的影響都來的大。綜合言之,尺度越大,對於附生矽藻群集影響就會越大。基質對附生矽藻的影響最小,區域次之,時間的影響最大。
The percentage of artificial coasts on Taiwan is over 49%, which may pose a significant threat to coastal ecosystems. Diatoms are important primary producers in the intertidal zone. They can be bio-indicators for environmental changes. However, there is little information on tropical coastal ecosystems. It is imperative to determine the effects of artificial substrate on diatom communities on the artificial coasts.
In order to study the effects of substrates, regions, and time on diatom abundance and the communities, diatoms were collected respectively from natural rocks and wave-breakers at 8 study sites in northern, western, eastern, and southern Taiwan. The results showed that there was a significant interactive effect of region and time on diatom chlorophyll a concentrations, but no significant and consistent substrate effect was detected. There were significant interactive effects of substrate, region, and time on diatom species number. There was also a significant interactive effect of region and time on diatom diversity, and diatom diversity indices were higher on natural substrates than on artificial substrates. Analyses of Cluster and MDS(multi-dimensional scaling)showed that time effect was more significant than those of region and substrate. In conclusion, the greater the scale was, the more significant on diatom communities was. Time has the most significant effect, followed by region and then substrate.
摘要………………i
Abstract………………ii
目錄………………………………iii
表目錄……………………………………………v
圖目錄……………………………………………vi
第一章、前言……………………………1
(1)台灣的沿岸環境……………1
(2)海岸人工化對生態的影響…………………1
(3)影響生物群集的因素………………………2
(4)沿岸附生矽藻……………………………3
(5)矽藻的功能及重要性…………………………4
(6)附生矽藻相關文獻回顧………………………4
(7)研究目的…………………………………6
第二章、材料與方法………………………………9
一、研究地點…………………………………9
二、採樣方法…………………………………15
三、樣本分析…………………………………16
(一)單位面積葉綠素a含量……………16
(二)藻種鑑定與計數…………………………16
四、統計分析………………………………………………16
第三章、結果
1. 附生矽藻葉綠素a含量…………………………………19
1.1. 2006年6月採樣……………………………19
1.2. 2006年10月採樣…………………………20
1.3. 2007年1月採樣…………………………21
1.4. 基質、區域與時間之效應………………23
2. 藻種群集差異性分析………………………24
2.1. 藻種歧異度分析結果……………………24
2.2. 以ANOSIM分析藻種群集……………………………………………30
2.3. 北部藻種群集分析…………………………………32
2.4. 西部藻種群集分析…………………………………36
2.5. 東部藻種群集分析…………………………………40
2.6. 南部藻種群集分析…………………………………44
2.7. 所有區域人工基質藻種群集分析…………………48
2.8. 所有區域天然基質藻種群集分析…………………52
2.9. 所有區域樣本藻種群集分析………………………56
3. 藻種分析……………………………………………………61
第四章、討論…………………………………………………63
1. 葉綠素a含量…………………………63
2. 附生矽藻群集與基質…………………………66
3. 附生矽藻群集與環境因子…………………………68
第五章、結論…………………………71
第六章、參考文獻……………………72
附錄……………………………………87
附錄一、北部藻種SIMPER……………………………………………87
附錄二、東部藻種SIMPER……………………………………………90
附錄三、南部藻種SIMPER……………………………………………92
附錄四、西部藻種SIMPER……………………………………………95
附錄五、2006年6月27日台灣地區衛星影像海面等水溫線圖…………………97
附錄六、2007年1月 9日台灣地區衛星影像海面等水溫線圖……………………98
附錄七、藻種照片……………………………………………99
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