跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(18.204.48.69) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/27 22:06
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:黃淑華
研究生(外文):Shu-Hua Huang
論文名稱:2004~2007年彰化縣養雞場雞隻家禽流行性感冒血清抗體監測結果之分析
論文名稱(外文):Analyses on Avian Influenza Serum Antibody Monitorat Chicken Farms in Changhua County from the years 2004 to 2007
指導教授:林美吟林美吟引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:食品暨應用生物科技學系
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:營養學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:彰化縣種雞場有色肉雞場白肉雞場蛋雞場
外文關鍵詞:Changhuapoultry farmsnative poultry farmswhite meat poultry farmsegg breeding poultry farms
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:193
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
彰化縣(以下簡稱本縣)家禽飼養數約佔台灣家禽飼養總數二成。其中又以蛋雞飼養最多,約佔本縣家禽飼養總數六成,約佔台灣蛋雞飼養總數四成,在台灣養禽產業扮演相當重要的角色及地位。
本縣沿海地區養禽場飼養相當密集,如果防疫稍有疏忽,極易造成疫情一發不可收拾,家禽流行性感冒為人畜共通傳染病,對人體的危害不容小覷。本研究針對縣內種雞場、有色肉雞場、白肉雞場及蛋雞場等飼養雞隻進行隨機抽樣採血,並進行家禽流行性感冒血清抗體反應分析檢測,藉由分析結果探討不同經營型態養雞場及飼養方式對家禽流行性感冒血清抗體陽性產生情形,分析養禽場經消毒及架設防鳥圍網設施後,家禽流行性感冒血清抗體陽性率是否有下降趨勢。
應用敏感性高及檢測快速之酵素結合免疫吸附法((Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, ELISA )對彰化縣養雞場所飼養的雞隻進行血清檢測,藉此可早期篩檢出雞隻家禽流行性感冒血清抗體呈陽性飼養場
,以便進一步嚴密追蹤監控,降低疫情擴大的機率。監測結果發現2004年種雞場家禽流行性感冒血清抗體陽性率為100 %、有色肉雞場為16 %、白肉雞為33 %及蛋雞場則為96 %;而2005年開始訂每周三為養禽場之消毒日後,種雞場家禽流行性感冒血清抗體陽性率72 %、有色肉雞場16 %、白肉雞10 %及蛋雞場79 % 。2006年本縣加派消毒工於養禽場及其週邊產業道路擴大消毒方式,監測結果種雞場家禽流行性感冒血清抗體陽性率47 %、有色肉雞場13 %、白肉雞0 %及蛋雞場68 %。2007年再增加養禽場架設防鳥圍網設施後,種雞場家禽流行性感冒血清抗體陽性率24%、有色肉雞場0 %、白肉雞0 %及蛋雞場59 %。檢討以上結果顯示,有色肉雞場及白肉雞場其飼養形態多為統進統出方式,其雞舍一般多為密閉式飼養方式,所以雞舍暴露在禽流感病毒下的風險較低;蛋雞場及種雞場其飼養形態多為分批引進方式,飼養期間較長,其雞舍一般多為開放式飼養方式,所以雞舍暴露在禽流感病毒下的風險較高,建議未來應加強蛋雞場及種雞場的防疫措施及抽驗輔導。養禽場自衛防疫措施做的越好,可降低檢測出養禽場家禽流行性感冒血清抗體陽性場數,象徵養禽戶面對禽流感病毒的威脅降低,進一步減少養禽戶經濟損失及保障人類生命安全。
The sums of livestock in Changhua County occupy 20% in Taiwan. There are many kinds of livestock here, but the most occupations belong to egg breeding poultry, which occupy 6o%, compared to the whole poultry sums in Changhua County, and which occupy 40%, compared to the whole poultry sums in Taiwan. From the above data, it shows the very important role and place on Changhua poultry in Taiwan.
There are intensive poultry breeding areas along the seashore in Changhua. If the governors ignore precautionary measure, it could be out of control due to the disease outbreak. Probably, avian influenza could result human-to-animal transmission. That will be dangerous to public health. Therefore, this study takes, with random sampling, poultry blood on male breeding poultry farms, native poultry farms, white meat poultry farms and egg breeding poultry farms. And check poultry reflection and their analyses through poultry influenza antibody. And through the analyses result of my study, it explores the different running styles of poultry farms and the situations of producing avian influenza antibody to those poultry, and to compare poultry farms before and after disinfection and setting up nets for preventing birds flying. And assess the situations of avian influenza antibody will decline after disinfection in my study.
This inspection is taken Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELlSA) as high sensitiveness and quick result to test poultry blood serum in Changhua. ELISA can shorten its inspection time and long wasteful procedures. It can inspect avian influenza antibody in the early period and take serious suspections in avoid of occurring disease outbreak in Taiwan. The results of this study show that avian influenza antibody 100% in male breeding chicken farms, native chicken farms 16%, white meat poultry 33% and egg breeding poultry farms 96% in 2004. Animal Disease Control Center of Changhua and the poultry farmers took Wednesday as Disinfection Day every week, avian influenza antibody 72% in male breeding poultry farms, native poultry farms 16%, white meat poultry 10% and egg breeding poultry farms 79% in 2005. The disinfectors assigned by Animal Disease Control of Changhua for increasing the range of disinfection and their poultry surrounding roads, avian influenza antibody 47% in male breeding farms, native poultry farms 13%, white meat poultry 0% and egg breeding poultry farms 68% in 2006. The government officers in Changhua County forced the poultry farmers to set up nets for preventing birds flying, avian influenza antibody 24% in male breeding poultry farms, native poultry farms 0%, white meat poultry 0% and egg breeding farms 59% in 2007. From the above data, it reveals that most of the breeding styles of native and white meat poultry belong to the way of poultry “in” and “out.” All diseases are not easy to invade for most of the poultry are close breeding styles. The styles of the egg breeding and male breeding poultry belong to the styles of “package.” And chicken farmers spend much time raising chickens. The style of raising chickens belong to its “open” breeding. So there will be lots of diseases in the egg breeding and male breeding poultry farms. Hence, my suggestions are that there will have lots of preventive measure and disinfection monitor at egg breeding and male breeding poultry. The more preventive measures will be done at the egg breeding and male breeding poultry, the less avian influenza antibody positiveness will be and the less threathen will be to the poultry farms. And it also decreases economic loss of livestock death and safeguard public heath.
目錄----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Ⅰ
圖目錄-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Ⅱ表目錄-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Ⅲ
中文摘要---------------------------------------------------------------------------Ⅴ
英文摘要--------------------------------------------------------------------------Ⅵ
第一章 前言-------------------------------------------------------------------------1
第二章 文獻回顧-------------------------------------------------------------------7
第一節 家禽流行性感冒歷史背景----------------------------------7
第二節 家禽流行性感冒病毒之特性-----------------------------------13
第三節 台灣地區家禽飼養歷史及現況---------------------------15
第四節 家禽飼養雞舍型態-------------------------------17
第三章 材料與方法--------------------------------------------------------------21
第一節 研究架構-----------------------------------------------------------21
第二節 方法及材料-----------------------------------------------------24
第四章 結果與討論--------------------------------------------------------------27
第一節 種雞場家禽流行性感冒血清抗體監測結果-----------27
第二節 有色肉雞場家禽流行性感冒血清抗體監測結果-----------36
第三節 白肉雞場家禽流行性感冒血清抗體監測結果-------------44
第四節 蛋雞場家禽流行性感冒血清抗體監測結果-----------------50
第五節 家禽流行性感冒血清抗體監測結果討論--------------------60第五章 結論-----------------------------------------------------------------------69
參考文獻----------------------------------------------------------------------------71
附錄一、政府防治禽流感措施--------------------------------------------------75
附錄二、業者防治禽流感措施--------------------------------------------------76
附錄三、防範家禽流行性感冒消毒劑種類及使用原則------------77
農業統計年報2004-2007行政院農業委員會
養雞產銷資訊 2005 中華民國養雞協會
中國畜牧學會 2001 畜牧要覽-家禽篇。華香園書局
流感及禽流感簡介及因應措施疫情報導 2004 行政院衛生署疾病管制局。20(1):1-12
李龍騰 2005 禽流感防制手冊 台北 新自然主義 
陳志豪、謝快樂 1989 台灣地區家禽流行性感冒之研究(Ⅱ)病原性及病理學之研究。台灣省畜牧獸醫學會會報。54:93-106。
陳志豪 1989 台灣地區家禽流行性感冒之現況。國立中興大學碩士論文。
許振忠 2007 家禽 畜牧(一)三民書局 99-101
許育菁 2006 蛋雞場管理模式比較與對雞蛋生產表現之影響。國立台灣海洋大學碩士論文。
黃文正 1991 台灣雞家禽流行性感冒之監測。國立中興大學碩士論文。
謝快樂、黃文正、沈瑞鴻、邱新育、李龍湖、呂榮修 1992 台灣地區家禽流行性感冒之研究(Ⅲ)雞群病毒株之分離同定和病原性試驗。台灣省畜牧獸醫學會會報。59:45-55。
劉宏仁、謝耀清 2007 家禽流行性感冒。科學發展期刊。417:62-69
簡世超 2007 中央對禽流感事件之危機管理分析 國立東華大學公共行政研究所 碩士論文
Alexander, D.J. 1982. Avian influenza-recent developments. Veterinary .Bulletin 52:341-359.
Alexander, D.J. 1982. Ecological aspects of influenza viruses in animal and their relationship to human influenza: Areview.J.R.Soc.Med 75:799-811.
Alexander, D.J. 1986. Avian influenza-historical aspects. Proc 2nd Int Symp, Avian influenza, Athens, Georgia, USA:4-13.
Alexander, D.J. 2003. Report on avian influenza in the Eastern Hemisphere during 1997-2002. Avian Dis 47(3 suppl):792-797. 2003.
Allan, W.H. 1981. Diagnostic procedures-response. Proc. 1st. Int. Symp, Avian Influenza, Beltville, Maryland, USA, 167-171.
Chang TY. 2004. Avian influenza in Taipei China. Disease information 17(17):118.
Chotpitayasunondh T, Ungchusak K, Hanshaoworakul W. 2004. Human disease from influenza A(H5N1). Emerg Infect Dis 2005; 11:201-209.
Class ECJ, Osterhaus ADME, Beek RV, Jong JCD, Rimmelzwaan GFR, Senne DA, Krauss S, Shortridge KF, Webster RG. 1998. Human influenza A H5N1 virus related to a highly pathogenic avian influenza virus. Lancet.351:472-477.
Cyranoski D, Abbott A. 2003. Virus detectives seek source of SARS in China’s wild animals. Nature 423:467.
De Jong JC, Claas ECJ, Osterhaus ADME, Webster RG, Lim WL. 1997. A pandemic warning? Nature 389:554.
Easterday BC, Hinshaw VS, Halvorson DA. Influenza. In:Calnek BW, Barnes HJ, Bear CW, McDougald LR, Saif YM(ed.). 1997. Disease of poultry, 10thed. Iowa State University Press, Ames, 583-605.
Hinshaw VS, Webster RG. 1979. Charactrization of a new avian influenza virus subtype and proposed designation of this hemagglutinin as Hav10. J.Gen.Virol.45:751-754.
Huang, R.T.C., Rott, R. and Klenk, H.D. 1981. Influenza viruses cause hemolysis and fusion of cells. Virology 110:243-247.
Ito T, Couceiro JN, Kelm S, Baum LG, Krauss S, Castrucci MR, Donatelli I, Kida H, Paulson JC, Webster RG, Kawaoka Y. 1998. Molecular basis for the generation in pigs of influenza A viruses with pandemic potential. J.Virol.72:7367-7373.
Koopmans M, Wilbrink B, Conyn M, Natrop G, van der Nat H, Vennema H, Meijer A, van Steenbergen J, Fouchier R, Osterhaus A, Bosman A. 2004. Transmission of H7N7 avian influenza A virus to human beings during a large outbreak in commercial poultry farms in the Netherlands. Lancet 363:587-93.
Kurtz J, Manvell RJ, Banks J. 1996. Avian influenza virus isolated from a woman with conjunctivitis. Lancet 348:901-2.
Kuszewski K, Brydak L. 2000. The epidemiology and history of influenza. Biomed Pharmacother.54:188-195.
McFerran, J.B., McNulty, M.S. and Curran, W.L. 1978. Diagnosis of avian viral diseases by electron microscopy. American Journal of Veterinary Research. 39:505-508.
Morton G. 1973. The epidemic influenza of 1918. Canadian Nurse. 69:25-27.
Murphy BR, Webster RG. 1990. Orthomyxoviruses. In: Fields BN, et al.(ed). Virology, 2nded. Raven Press, New York, p. 1091-1137.
Ruigork, R. W.H., Hewat, E.A. and Wade, R.H. 1992. Low pH deforms the influenza virus envelope. Journal of General Virology. 73:995-998.
Schafer,W. 1955. Vergleichende sero-immunologische and Untersuchungen uber die viren der influenza and klassichen Gefluegelpest.Z Naturforsch.10b:81-91.
Stallknecht, D.E., Kearney, M.T., Shane, S.M., Zwank, P.J. 1990. Effects of pH, temperature, and salinity on persistence of avian influenza viruses in water. Avian Dis.34(2):412-8.
Subbarao K, Klimo A, Katz J, Regnery H, Lim W, Hall H, Perdue M, Swayne D, Bender C, Hung J, Hemphill M, Rowe T, Shaw M, Xu X, Fukuda K, Cox N. 1998. Characterization of an avian influenza A(H5N1)virus isolated from a child with a fatal respiratory illness. Science.279:393-396.
Subbarao K, Katz J, 2000. Avian influenza viruses infecting humans. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences.57:1770-84.
Suss, J., Schafer, J., Sinnecker, H., Webster, R.G. 1994. Influenza virus subtypes in aquatic birds of eastern Germany. Archives of Virology, 135(1-2):101-14.
Van Kolfschooten F. 2003. Dutch veterinarian becomes fist victim of avian influenza. Lancet.361:1444.
Webster RG, Bean WJ, Groman OT, Chanber TM, Kawaoka Y. 1992. Evolution and ecology of influenza A viruses. Microbiol.Rev. 56:152-179.
Weir E, Wong T, Gemmill I. 2004 Avian influenza outbreak: update.CMAJ. 170:785-786.
Werner O, Starick E, Grund CH. 2003. Isolation and characterization of a low pathogenic H7N7 influenza virus from a turkey in a small mixed free-range poultry flock in Germany. Avian Dis.47:1104-1106.
Yuen KY, Chan PK, Peiris M, Tsang DNC, Que TL, Shortridge KF, Cheung PT, To WK, Ho ETF, Sung R, Cheng AFB, Members of the H5N1 Study Group. 1998. Clinical features and rapid viral diagnosis of human disease associated with avian influenza A H5N1 virus. Lancet.351:467-471.
Zhou NN, Shortridge KF, Claas ECJ, Karuss SL, Webster RG. 1999. Rapid evolution of H5N1 influenza viruses in chickens in Hong Kong. J. Virol.73:3366-3374.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top