跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(34.204.180.223) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/08/03 21:12
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:林建志
研究生(外文):Chien-Chih Lin
論文名稱:低溫貯藏前熱風處理對‘富有’甜柿果實品質之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effect of Hot Air Treatment on Quality of ‘Fuyu’Persimmon (Disopyros kaki L.) Fruits during Cold Storage
指導教授:謝慶昌謝慶昌引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:園藝學系所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:園藝學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:137
中文關鍵詞:富有甜柿 熱風處理
外文關鍵詞:Fuyu persimmon hot air treatment
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:5
  • 點閱點閱:269
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
‘富有’甜柿果實在經低溫貯藏後會產生褐化、軟化等徵狀,此為縮短長期貯藏壽命之主要原因。本試驗之目的在建立‘富有’甜柿貯藏前熱風處理最適條件,探討果實褐化之發生因子,期能減少貯藏期間柿果之褐化與軟化之發生以降低損耗,提高果實貯藏品質,以增加柿果貯藏壽命,達到延長柿果供貨期之目的。柿果貯藏前,處理1-MCP於密閉空間進行8小時處理,熱風則是將果實利用溫度條件為46℃、49℃、52℃及55℃分別進行1至4小時之處理,經貯藏在1℃環境,於1、2及3個月時當天及回溫2天(48小時)後取樣,分別測定呼吸率、乙烯釋放率、果皮顏色、果肉硬度及糖度。結果顯示貯藏前利用熱風處理相較於對照組,其對‘富有’甜柿果實呼吸率、乙烯釋放率、果皮褐化程度皆有顯著的抑制效果,且能維持良好的硬度,但於糖度則無明顯的影響。‘富有’甜柿果實採收後先在常溫下(23±2℃)處理1ppm 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) 8小時,之後進行熱風處理,熱風處理溫度條件為52℃,處理持續時間分別為3小時,熱風處理後置於常溫下將果實冷卻後逐果以聚乙烯袋(0.03mm)套袋,袋口扭結不密封,然後置於1±0.5℃下貯藏,貯藏期為3個月,分別測定苯丙氨酸脫胺裂解氨酶(PAL)活性之分析、總酚類化合物含量、多酚氧化酵素活性之測定、ACC含量之分析及離子滲漏率之測定。結果顯示貯藏前利用熱風處理相較於對照組,其‘富有’甜柿果肉之苯丙氨酸脫胺裂解氨酶(PAL)活性被抑制,總酚類化合物含量、ACC含量與離子滲漏率則明顯降低,至於多酚氧化酵素活性則無明顯的影響。本試驗中,熱風處理有顯著維持柿果貯藏後品質的效果,且熱風處理處理能夠應用於大量的果實,適用於大量商業化之使用,其綜合多項項目最適條件為46℃-3hr、49℃-2hr、52℃-3hr、52℃-4hr及55℃-3hr,有最佳維持品質的效果。
The ‘Fuyu’ persimmon fruit tends to develop flesh browning and softing after being stored at low temperature and thus affecting storage life. The objectives of this experiment were to investigate the causes of browning and softing and to find the optimum temperature of treatments to lengthen the storage life and improve the fruit quality.
All the persimmons were treated with 1-methylcyclopropene (1 ppm) in an airtight space at room temperature (25℃) for 8 hours and then were divided into 4 groups which were respectively subjected to hot air at 46℃, 49℃, 52℃ and 55℃ for 1 to 4 hours. Samples were taken after being stored at 1℃ for 1, 2 or 3 months and then returned to room temperature for 2 days. Respiration, ethylene release rates, fruit sugar, color and firmness of fruits were measured. Results indicated the fruits which received hot air treatment exhibit inhibitive effect on respiration and ethylene production rate as well as browning of fruits. The fruit firmness was maintained and no significant effect on sugar content was found.
In another experiment, the harvested ‘Fuyu’ fruits were treated with with 1-methylcyclopropene (1 ppm) at room temperature (25℃) for 8 hours and then treated with hot air at 52℃ for 3 hours. After hot air treatment, the fruit was loosely sealed and stored for a period of 3 months at 1±0.5℃. Total phenolic compound, ACC, ion leakage, phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) and polyphenoloxidase activities were analyzed. Results showed those persimmons which were subjected to hot air treatment had lower PAL activity. Total phenolic compound, ACC content as well as ion leakage was also significantly reduced as compared with the control. However, no significant change in polyphenoloxidase activity was observed.
中文摘要 i
Summary ii
壹、前言 1
貳、前人研究 2
一、柿的概說 2
二、果實成熟及採後期間之變化 3
三、貯藏期間影響果實品質之因子 5
四、採後處理對果實品質之影響 11
參、材料與方法 16
一、貯藏前熱風處理對‘富有’甜柿果實品質之影響 16
二、貯藏前熱風處理對‘富有’甜柿果實組成分及生理之影響 19
肆、結果 22
一、貯藏前熱風處理對‘富有’甜柿果實品質之影響 22
二、貯藏前熱風處理對‘富有’甜柿果肉苯丙胺酸脫胺裂解酶、 總酚類化合物、多酚氧化酵素活性、ACC含量及滲漏率之影響 111
伍、討論 117
一、‘富有’甜柿果實之寒害症狀 117
二、貯藏前處理對‘富有’甜柿果實品質之影響 118
(一)熱風處理技術之確立 118
三、貯藏前熱風處理對‘富有’甜柿抑制果實褐化及軟化之機制探討 120
(一) 褐化 120
(二) 軟化 121
陸、參考文獻 124
石茂盈。2004。‘富有’甜柿採收成熟度與貯藏技術之研究。國立中興大學園藝學研究所碩士論文。台灣:台中。pp. 3-9, 64-69.
宋家瑋、歐錫坤。1997。甜柿的長期貯藏技術。技術服務86.12 pp. 32-37。
林月金、張致盛。2004。台灣甜柿產業分析。台中農業改良場特刊第70號pp.1-30。
林芳存、郭銀港、呂明雄、李堂察。1995。椪柑和柳橙果實大小與貯藏力關係之研究。嘉義農專學報43: 11-18。
林榮貴。1996a。日本甜柿的重要栽培品種。農業世界 159: 22-28。
林榮貴。1996b。柿品種的演化與分類。農業世界 159: 47-51。
邱健人。1995。食品生物化學。台南復文書局。pp. 80-95。
柯勇。2002。植物生理學。藝軒圖書出版社。pp. 406-409。
高景輝。1994。植物荷爾蒙生理。pp.114-150。華香園。台北。
黃思齊。2005。熱、乙醇、氣變包裝處理對‘富有’甜柿低溫貯藏生理障礙及品質之影響。國立中興大學園藝學研究所碩士論文。台灣:台中。pp. 2-22.
楊雨涵。2003。熱處理對柑桔類及香蕉品質之影響。國立中興大學園藝研究所碩士論文。74, 81, 82p。
農業統計年報(九十五年版)。行政院農委會。
張致盛。2001。柿子品種之介紹。台中農業改良場特刊第50號 pp. 11-18。
劉富文。1995。園產品採後處理及貯藏技術。台灣省青果運銷合作社。台灣:台北。pp. 135-136。
謝慶昌、林慧玲、蔡平里。1997。柿果二氧化碳脫澀機制之模式試驗。中國園藝38:24-29。

鄭雅凌。2001。柿果貯藏之研究。國立中興大學園藝學研究所碩士論文。台灣:台中。pp. 87-103。
簡秋燕。2004。採後荔枝果皮褐化及保鮮處理之改進。國立中興大學園藝學研究所碩士論文。台灣:台中。pp. 110-111。
山崎利彥、福田博之、廣瀨和榮、野間豐。1989。果樹の生育調節。博友社。東京。pp. 310-312。
松村博行。1992。果色な左右すゐ要因と向上技術。農業技術大系-果樹篇濃山漁村文化協會。4: 50-51。
Ablese, F. B. 1973. Ethylene in Plant Biology. Academic Press, New York. pp. 41-46.
Abeles, F. B. and F. Takeda. 1990. Cellulase activity and ethylene in ripening strawberry and apple fruits. Sci. Hort. 42: 269-275.
Adams, D. O. and S. F. Yang. 1979. Ethylene biosynthesis: Identification of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid as an intermediate in the conversion of methionine to ethylene. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 76: 170-174.
Akamine, E. K. and T. Goo. 1981. Carbon dioxide and ethylene production in Diospyros discolor Willd. HortScience 16: 519.
Ali, Z. M. and H. Lazan. 1998. Guava. pp.145-165. In: S. K. Mitra (ed.) Postharvest Physiology and Storage of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits. CAB International., New Yourk.
Atta-Aly, M. A. 1992. Effect of high temperature on ethylene biosynthesis by tomato fruit. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 2: 19-24.
Barkai-Golan, R. and D. J. Phillips. 1991. Postharvest heat treatment of fresh fruits and vegetable for decay control. Plant Dis. 75: 1085-1089.
Biale, J. B. 1964. Growth, maturation, and senescence in fruit. Science 146: 880-888.
Biggs, M. S., W. R. Woodson, and A. K. Handa. 1988. Biochemical basis of high-temperature inhibition of ethylene biosynthesis in ripening tomato fruits. Physiol. Plant. 72: 572-578.
Binder, B. M., and A. B. Bleecker. 2003. A model for ethylene receptor function and 1-Methylcyclopropene action. Acta Hort. 628: 177-187.

Brady, C. J. 1987. Fruit ripening. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 38: 155-178.
Burg, S.P. and E.A. Burg. 1965. Ethylene action and ripening of fruits. Science 148: 1190-1196.
Burmeister, D. M., S. Ball, S. Green, and A. B. Woolf. 1997. Interaction of hot water treatments and controlled atmosphere storage on quality of ‘Fuyu’ persimmons. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 12: 71-81.
Chio, S. J., Y. P. Hong, and Y. B. Kim. 1995. Prestorage treatments to prevent fruit skin blackening during cold storage of Japanese pear ‘Shingo’ (‘Nittaka’). J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 36: 218-223.
Choehom, R., S. Ketsa, and W. G. Doorn. 2004. Senescent spotting of banana peel is inhibited by modified atmosphere packaging. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 31: 167-175.
Civello, P. M., A. L. T. Powell, A. Sabehat, and A. B. Bennett. 1999. An expansin gene expressed in ripening strawberry fruit. Plant Physol. 121: 1273-1279.
Clark, C. J. and J. S. MacFall. 1996. Magnetic resonance imaging of persimmon fruit (Diospyros kaki) during storage at low temperature and under modified atmosphere. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 9: 97-108.
Clark, C. J. and J. S. MacFall. 2003. Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging of ‘Fuyu’ persimmon fruit during development and ripening. Magn. Reson. Imaging. 21: 679-685.
Clark, C. J. and S. K. Forbes. 1994. Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging of the development of chilling injury in ‘Fuyu’ persimmon (Diospyros kaki). N. Z. J. Corp Hort. Sci. 22: 209-215.
Collins, R. J. and J. S. Tisdell. 1995. The influence of storage time and temperature on chilling injury in ‘Fuyu’ and ‘Suruga’ persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) grown in subtropical Australia. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 6: 149-157.
Coombe, B. G. 1976. The development of fleshy fruits. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 27: 507-528.
Cutillas-Iturralde, A., I. Zarra, and E. P. Lorences. 1993. Metabolism of cell wall polysaccharides from persimmon fruit. Pectin solubilization during fruit ripening occurs in apparent absence of polygalacturonase activity. Physiol. Plant. 89: 369-375.
DeJong, T. and J. Goudriaan. 1989. Modeling peach fruit growth and carbohydrate requirements: re-evaluation of the double-sigmoid growth pattern. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 114: 800-804.
Ding, C. K., C. Y., Wang, K. C., Gross, and D. L., Smith. 1998. Reduction of chilling injury and transcript accumulation of heat shock proteins in tomato fruit by methyl jasmonate and methyl salicylate. Plant Science 161: 1153-1159.
Elazar, F. 2004. Prestorage hot water treatments(immersion, rinsing and brushing). Postharvest Biol. Technol. 32: 125-134.
Fan, X., S. M. Blankenship, and J P. Mattheis. 1999. 1-Methylcyclopropene inhibits apple ripening. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 124: 690-695.
Fischer, R. L. and A. B. Bennett. 1991. Role of cell wall hydrolase in fruit ripening. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 42: 675-703.
Florissen, P., J. S. Ekman, C. Blumenthal, W. B. McGlasson, J. Conroy, and P. Holford. 1996. The effects of short heat-treatments on the induction of chilling injury in avocado fruit (Persea americana Mill). Postharvest Biol. Technol. 8: 129-141.
Forney, C. F. and W. J. Lipton. 1990. Influence of controlled atmospheres and packaging on chilling injury. pp.257-267. In: C. Y. Wang (ed) Chilling injury of horticultural crops. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
Ghahramani, F. and K. J. Scott. 1998. Oxygen stress of ‘Granny Smith’ apples in relation to superficial scald, ethanol, α-farnesene, and conjugated trienes. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 49: 207-210.
González-Aguilar, G., A., L. Gayosso, R. Cruz, J. Fortiz, R. Báez, and C. Y. Wang. 2000. Polyamines induced by hot water treatments reduce chilling injury and decay in pepper fruit. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 18: 19-26.

Gouble, B., D. Fath, and P. Soudain. 1995. Nirous oxide inhibition of ethylene production in ripening and senescing climacteric fruits. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 5: 311-321.
Grant, T. M., E. A. MacRae, and R. J. Redgwell. 1992. Effect of chilling injury on physiochemical properties of persimmon cell walls. Phytochemistry. 31: 3739-3744.
Hall, A. E., J. L. Findell, G. E. Schaller, E. C. Sisler, and A. B. Bleecker. 2000. Ethylene perception by the ERS1 protein in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 123: 1449-1457.
Hardenburg, R. E., A. E. Watada, C. Y. Wang. 1986. The commercial storage of fruits, vegetables, and florist and nursery stocks. USDA Agricultural Research Service: Agricultural Handbook. 66: 102-130.
Harima, S., R. Nakano, S. Yamauchi., Y. Kitano, Y. Yamamoto, A. Inaba, and Y. Kubo. 2003. Extending shelf-life of astringent persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) fruit by 1-MCP. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 29: 318-323.
Hirai, S. and K. Yamazaki. 1984. Studies on sugar components of sweet and astringent persimmon by gas chromatography. J. Japanese Soc. Food Chem. 39: 1270-1274.
Hirata, N, S. Hayashi, and H. Kurooka. 1974. Physiological studies of developing and ripening fruits of Japanese persimmon: Ⅱ. The effects of degrees or times of artificial defoliation during last fall on cell division and cell enlargement during the development of fruit, fruit size and fruit quality at maturity. Bull. Fac. Agric. Tottori Univ. 26: 15-27.
Isenberg, F. M. R. 1979. Controlled atmosphere storage of vegetable. Hort. Rev. 1: 337-394.
Itamura, H. 1986. Relationships between fruit softening, respiration and ethylene production after deastringent treatment by ethanol in Japanese persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb. var. Hiratanenashi) fruit harvested at various stages. J. Japan Soc. Hort. Sci. 55: 89-98.
Itamura, H., T. Tanigawa, and H. Yamamura. 1995. Composition of cell-wall polysaccharides during fruit softening in ‘Tonewase’ Japanese persimmon. Acta Hort. 398: 131-138.
Itamura, H., T. Kitamura, S. Taira, H. Harada, N. Ito, Y. Takahashi, and T. Fukushima. 1991. Relationship between fruit softening, ethylene production and respiration in Japanese persimmon ‘Hiratanenashi’. J. Japan. Soc. Hort. Sci. 60: 695-701.
Itamura, H., Y. Ohno, and H. Yamamura. 1997. Characteristics of fruit softening in Japanese persimmon ‘Saijo’. Acta Hort. 436: 179-188.
Ito, S. 1971. The persimmon. pp.281-302. In: A. C. Hulme (ed.) The Biochemistry of fruits and Their Product. Vol.2. Academic. Press, New York and London.
Iwata, T., K. Nakagawa, and K. Ogata 1969. Relationship between the ripening or harvested fruits and the respiration pattern on the class of ripening pattern of Japanese persimmons. J. Japan. Soc. Hort. Sci. 38: 84-86.
Jacobi, K. K. and G. Don. 1995. Ultrastructural studies of ‘Kensington’ mango (Mangifera indica Linn.) heat injuries. HortScience 30: 102-103.
Jiang, Y., D. C. Joyce, and A. J. Macnsh. 1999. Extension of shelf life of banana fruit by 1-methylcyclopropene in combination with polyethylene bags. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 16: 187-193.
Jiang, Y., X. Duan, D. Joyce, Z. Zhang, and J. Li. 2004. Advances in understanding of enzymatic browning in harvested litchi fruit. Food Chem. 88: 443-446.
Ju, Z. and E. A. Curry. 2002. Effects of 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one vapor of peel browning of ‘Delicious’ and ‘Granny Smith’ apples: open vs. closed system. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 25: 265-272.
Kader, A. A. and C. B. Watkins. 2000. Modified atmosphere packaging-toward 2000 and beyond. HortTechnology 10: 483-486.
Kader, A. A. and S. Ben-Yehoshua. 2000. Effects of superatmospheric oxygen levels on postharvest physiology and quality of fresh fruits and vegetables. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 20:1-13.

Kato, K. 1987. Astringency removal and ripening as related to temperature during the de-astringency by ethanol in persimmon fruits. J. Japan. Soc. Hort. Sci. 55: 498-509.
Kays, S. J., 1991. Postharvest physiology of perishable plant products. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York. pp. 152-156.
Kelly, M. O. and M. E. Saltveit, Jr. 1988. Effect of endogenously synthesized and exogenously applied ethanol on tomato fruit ripening. Plant Physiol. 88: 143-147.
Ketsa, S., S. Chidtragool, and S. Lurie. 2000. Prestorage heat treatment and poststorage quality of mango fruit. HortScience 35: 247-249.
Klein, J. D. and S. Lurie. 1990. Prestorage heat treatment as a means of improving poststorage quality of apples. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 115: 265-269.
Klein, J. D. and S. Lurie. 1992. Heat treatments for improved postharvest quality of horticultural crops. HortTechnology 2: 316-320.
Lafuente, M. T., L. Zacarias, M. A. Martínez-Téllez, M. T. Sanchez-Ballesta, E. Dupille. 2001. Phenylalanine ammonialyase as related to ethylene in the development of chilling symptoms during cold storage of citrus fruits. J. Agric. Food Chem. 49: 6020-6025.
Larsen, F. E., S. S. Higgins, M. E. Patterson, V. K. Jandhyala, and W. Nichols. 1993. Quality, maturity, and storage of Asian pears grown in central Washington. J. Prod. Agric. 6: 247-251.
Lay-Yee, M., S. Ball, S. K. Forbes, and A. B. Woolf. 1997. Hot-water treatment for insect disinfestations and reduction of chilling injury of ‘Fuyu’ persimmon. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 10: 81-87.
Lay-Yee, M., G. K. Clare, R. J. Petry, R. A. Fullerton, and A. Gunson. 1998. Quality and disease incidence of ‘Waimanalo Solo’ papaya following forced-air heat treatment. HortScience 33: 878-880.
Lee, H. J., T. C. Kim, S. J. Kim, and S. J. Park. 2005. Bruising injury of persimmon (Diospyros kaki cv. Fuyu) fruits. Sci. Hort. 103: 179-185.

Lee, S. K., I. S., Shin, and Y. M., Park. 1993. Factors involved in skin browning of non-astringent ‘Fuyu’ persimmon. Acta Hort. 343: 300-303.
Lizada, M. C. and S. F. Yang. 1979. A sample and sensitive assay for 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid. Anal. Biochem. 100:140-145.
Loaiza-Velarde, J. G. and E. S., Mikal. 2001. Heat shocks applied either before or after wounding reduce browning of lettuce leaf tissue. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 126: 227-234.
Lohani, S., P. K. Trivedi, and P. Nath. 2004. Changes in activities of cell wall hydrolases during ethylene induced ripening in banana: effect of 1-MCP, ABA, and IAA. Postharvest. Biol. Technol. 31: 119-126.
Lurie, S. 1998. Postharvest heat treatments. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 14: 257-269.
Lurie, S. and J. D. Klein. 1991. Acquisition of low-temperature tolerance in tomatoes by exposure to high-temperature stress. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 116: 1007-1012.
Lurie, S., J. D. Klein, and R. B. Arie. 1990. Postharvest heat treatment as a possible means of reducing superficial scald of apples. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 65: 503-509.
Lurie, S., M. Lamin, Z. Lapsker, and E. Fallik. 1997. Heat treatments to decrease chilling injury in tomato fruit. Effects on lipids, pericarp lesions and fungal growth. Physiol. Plant. 100: 297-302.
Lurie, S., S. Othman, and A. Borochov. 1995. Effects of heat treatment on plasma membrane of apple fruit. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 5: 29-38.
Lyons, J. M. 1973. Chilling injury in plants. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. 24:455-466.
MacRae, E. A. 1987. Development of chilling injury in New Zealand growth ‘Fuyu’ persimmon during storage. New Zealand J. Exp. Agric. 15: 333-344.
Maotani, T. and H. Kitagawa. 1989. Effect of ethylene absorbent on polygalacturonase activity of persimmon fruit. J. Japan Soc. Hort. Sci. 57: 697-701.

Maotani, T., M. Yannada, A. Kurihara, T. Alimoto, and Y. Iiya. 1982. Storage of Japanese persimmon of pollination constant non-astringent type in polyethylene bags with ethylene absorbent. J. Japan. Soc. Hort. Sci. 51: 195-202.
Mayer, A. M. 1987. Polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase in plant –recent progress. Phytochemistry 26: 11-20.
McCollum, T. G., H. Doostdar, R. T. Mayer, and R. E. McDonald. 1995. Immersion of cucumber fruit in heated water alters chilling-induced physiological changes. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 6: 55-64.
McDonald, R. E., T. G. McCollum, and E. A. Baldwin. 1996. Prestoring heat treatments influence free sterols and flavor volatiles of tomatoes stored at chilling temperature. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 121: 531-536.
McDonald, R. E., T. G. McCollum, and E. A. Baldwin. 1999. Temperature of water heat treatments influences tomato fruit quality following low-temperature storage. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 16: 147-155.
Mencarelli, F., B. Ceccantoni, A. Bolini, and G. Anelli. 1993. Influence of heat treatment on the physiological response of sweet pepper kept at chilling temperature. Acta Hort. 343: 238-243.
Mier, S., D. Naiman, M. Akerman, J. Y. Hyman, G. Zauberman, and Y. Fucks. 1997. Prolonged storage of ‘Hass’ avocado fruit using modified atmosphere packaging. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 12: 51-60.
Morris, L. L. 1982. Chilling injury of horticultural corps: an overview. HortScience 17: 161-162.
Mowat, A. D. and A. Ah Chee. 1990. Studies on improving fruit quality of ‘Fuyu’ by canopy micro-climate manipulation. Technical report, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, New Zealand.
Moya-leon, M. A. and P. John. 1994. Activity of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) oxidase in the pulp and peel of ripening banana. J. Hort. Sci. 69: 243-250.
Nakatsuka, A., S. Shiomi, Y. Kubo, and A. Inaba. 1997. Expression and internal feedback regulation of ACC synthase and ACC oxidase genes in ripening tomato fruit. Plant Cell Physiol. 38: 1103-1110.
Nguyen, T. B. Thuy. S. Ketsa, and W. G. V. Doorn. 2003. Relationship between browning and the activities of polyphenol oxidase and phenylalanine ammonia lyase in banana peel during low temperature storage. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 30: 187-193.
Nguyen, T. B. Thuy., S. Ketsa, and W. G. V. Doorn. 2004. Effect of modified atmosphere packaging on chilling-induced peel browning in banana. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 31: 313-317.
Nii, N. 1980. Seasonal changes of fruit growth in Japanese persimmon, Diospyros kaki cv. Fuyu, in relation to vascular tissue development in the fruit stalk. J. Japan. Soc. Hort. Sci. 49: 160-170.
Nitsch, J. P. 1953. The physiology of fruit growth. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 4: 199-227.
Paull, R. E. and N. J. Chen. 2000. Heat treatment and fruit ripening. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 21: 21-37.
Peng, Y. H. and W. Cheng. 2001. Effect of postharvest handling on fruit quality, mass loss and respiration rate of litchi. Acta Hort. 558: 359-365.
Porat, R., A. Daus, B. Weiss, L. Cohen, E. Fallik, and S. Droby. 2000a. Reduction of postharvest decay in organic citrus fruit by a short hot water brushing treatment. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 18: 151-157.
Porat, R., A. Daus, B. Weiss, L. Cohen, E. Fallik, and S. Droby. 2000b. Effects of various heat treatments on the induction of cold tolerance and on the postharvest qualities of ‘Star Ruby’ grapefruit. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 18: 159-165.
Ritenour, M. A., M. E. Mangrich, J. C. Beaulieu, A. Rab, and M. E. Saltveit. 1997. Ethanol effects on ripening of climacteric fruit. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 12: 25-42.
Rose, J. K. C., D. J. Cosgrove, P. Albersheim, and A. B. Bennett. 2000. Detection of expansin proteins and activity during tomato fruit ontogeny. Amer. Soc. Plant Physiol. 123: 1583-1592.

Sabehat, A., S. Lurie, and D. Weiss. 1998. Expression of small heat-shock proteins at low temperatures. Plant Physiol. 117: 651-658.
Saltveit, M. E. 2000. Wound induced changes in phenolic metabolism and tissue browning are altered by heat shock. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 21: 61-69.
Saltveit, M. E. and L. L. Morris. 1990. Overview on chilling injury of horticultural crops. pp. 3-15. In: C. Y. Wang (ed) Chilling injury of horticultural crops. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
Salunkhe, D. K. and B. B. Desai. 1984. Persimmon. pp. 105-109. In: Postharvest biotechnology of fruit. VolumeⅡ CRC Press, Inc. United states.
Salvador, A., L. Arnal, A. Monterde, and J. Cuquerella. 2004. Reduction of chilling injury symptoms in persimmon fruit cv. ‘Rojo Brillante’ by 1-MCP. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 33: 285-291.
Sapers, G. M. 1993. Browning of foods: control by sulfites, antioxidants, and other means. Food Technol. 47: 75-84.
Selvarajah, S., A. D. Bauchot, and P. John. 2001. Internal browning in cold-stored pineapples is suppressed by a postharvest application of 1-methylcyclopropene. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 23: 167-170.
Shaham, Z., A. Lers, and S. Lurie. 2003. Effect of heat or 1-Methylcyclopropene on antioxidative enzyme ativities and antioxidants in apples in relation to superficial scald development. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 128: 761-766.
Sharp, J. L., J. J. Gaffney, J. I. Moss, and W. P. Gould. 1991. Hot-air treatment device for quarantine research. J. Econ. Entomol. 84:520-527.
Sisler, E. C. and M. Serek. 1999. Compounds controlling the ethylene receptor. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 40: 1-7.
Smith, S., G. John, and S. John. 1987. Production of modified atmospheres in delicious fruits by the use of films and coating. HortScience 25: 772-776.

Sugiura, A., K. I. Hataoka, and T. Tomana. 1983. Use of refractometer to determine soluble solids of astringent fruits of Japanese persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.). J. Hort. Sci. 58: 241-246.
Taiz, L. and E. Zeiger. 2002. Plant Physiology. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland. 690pp.
Takata, M. 1983. Respiration, ethylene production and ripening of Japanese persimmon fruit harvested at various stages of development. J. Japan. Soc. Hort. Sci. 52: 78-84.
Trivedi, P. K. and P. Nath. 2004. MaExp1, an ethylene-induced expansion from ripening banana fruit. Plant Sci. 167: 1351-1358.
Tucker, G. A. 1993a. Introduction. pp. 1-51. In: Seymour G. B., J. E. Taylor, and G. A. Tucker (eds.), Biochemistry of fruit ripening. Chapman & Hall. London.
Tucker, G. A. 1993b. Persimmon. pp. 151-159. In: Seymour G. B., J. E. Taylor, and G. A. Tucker (eds.), Biochemistry of fruit ripening. Chapman & Hall. London.
Tucker, G. A., N. G. Robertson, and D. Grierson. 1987. Changes in polygalacturonase isozymes during the ripening of normal and mutant tomato fruit. Eur. J. Biochem. 112: 119-124.
Underhill, S. J. R. and C. Critchley. 1993. Physiological, biochemical and anatomical changes in lychee (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) pericarp during storage. J. Hort. Sci. 68: 327-335.
Wang, C. Y. and L. Qi, 1997. Modified atmosphere packaging alleviates chilling injury in cucumbers. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 10:195-200.
Weemaes, C. A., L. R. Ludikhuyze, I. V. D. Broeck, M. E. Hendrickx, and P. P. Tobback. 1998. Activity, electrophoretic characteristics and heat inactivation of polyphenoloxidases from apples, avocados, grapes, pears and plums. Lebensm. -Wiss. u. -Technol. 31: 44-49.
Whitaker, B. D. 1994. A reassessment of heat treatment as a means of reducing chilling injury in tomato fruit. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 4: 75-83.
Woolf, A. B., C. B. Watkins, J. H. Bowen, and M. L. Yee. 1995. Reducing external chilling injury in stored ‘Hass’ avocados with dry heat treatment. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 120: 1050-1056.
Woolf, A. B., E. A. MacRae, K. J. Spooner, and R. J. Redgwell. 1997a. Reduction of chilling injury in the sweet persimmon ‘Fuyu’ during storage by dry air heat treatment. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 11: 155-164.
Woolf, A. B., S. Ball, K. J. Spooner, M. Lay-Yee, I. B. Ferguson, C. B. Watkins, A. Gunson, and S. K. Forbes. 1997b. Changes to physical properties of the cell wall and polyuronides in response to heat treatment of ‘Fuyu’ persimmon that alleviate chilling injury. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 122: 698-702.
Xeqiao, F., J. D. Hansen, B. Biasi, J. Tang, and E. J. Mitcham. 2004. Use of hot water treatment to control codling moths in harvested California ‘Bing’ sweet cherries. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 31: 41-49.
Yang, S. F. 1985. Biosynthesis and action of ethylene. HortScience 20:41-45.
Yang S. F. and N. E. Hoffman. 1984. Ethylene biosynthesis and its regulation in higher plants. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 35:155-189.
Yang, R. F., T. S. Cheng, and R. L. Shewfelt. 1990. The effect of high temperature and ethylene treatment on the ripening of tomato. J. Plant Physiol. 136: 368-372.
Yusof, S. and S. Mohamed. 1987. Physico-chemical changes in guava (Psidium guajava L.) during development and maturation. J. Sci. Food Agr. 38: 31-39.
Zhang, Z., X. Pang, D. Xuewu, Z. Ji, and Y. Jiang. 2005. Role of peroxidase in anthocyanin degradation in litchi fruit. Food Chem. 90: 47-52.
Zheng, Q. L., A. Nakatsuka, S. Taira, and H. Itamura. 2005. Enzymatic activities and gene expression of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) synthase and ACC oxidase in persimmon fruit. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 37: 286-290.
Zhou, Y, J. M. Dahler, S. J. R. Underhill, and R. B. H. Wills. 2003. Enzymes associated with blackheart development in pineapple fruit. Food Chem. 80: 565-572.

Zoghbi, M. E. 1994. Biochemical changes in some tropical fruits during ripening. Food Chem. 49: 33-37.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top