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研究生:陳艷婷
研究生(外文):Yen-Ting Chen
論文名稱:貪污對外人直接投資的影響效果分析-全球資料的實證研究
論文名稱(外文):The Effect of Corruption on Foreign Direct Investment:Cross Countries Analysis
指導教授:李建強李建強引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:應用經濟學系所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:55
中文關鍵詞:外人直接投資貪污追蹤資料
外文關鍵詞:Foreign direct investmentCorruptionPanel data
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
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本文採用1997至2004年共105國的追蹤資料(panel data)檢測外人直接投資與貪污的關係,其他相關的控制變數包括每人實質國民生產總值、總人口數、進口加出口佔GDP的百分比等。本文主要的貢獻在於解釋貪污是否影響外人直接投資的資本流入?在不同的影響因素下,貪污與外人直接投資的關係是否會發生改變?我們探討五項相關影響因素,包括:初級入學率、通貨膨脹率、政府支出佔GDP的百分比、經濟發展程度及區域地理位置等。
本文實證結果顯示貪污的清廉程度對外人直接投資的影響效果為顯著的正向影響。在影響貪污的清廉程度與外人直接投資關係的因素中得到以下二點結果:第一、在高度的通貨膨脹、美洲國家,會增強貪污的清廉程度對外人直接投資的正向關係。第二、在政府支出較大、亞洲與非洲及中東國家,會降低貪污的清廉程度對外人直接投資的正向關係。由上述結果可知,一國想避免貪污對外人直接投資的不利影響,可以採用減少政府支出的方式及對通貨膨脹進行管理,此外,也須注意不同區域的可能影響。在納入跨國資料的Outlier問題及變數內生性影響後,均不會改變本文的結論,支持實證結果的穩健性。
This paper applies for 105 countries'' panel data during the period from 1997 to 2004 to examine the relationship between the foreign direct investment and the corruption. Other relevant control variable include GDP per capita, the total population number, the percentage of the import plus the exportation in GDP, etc. The main contribution of this paper lies in the explanation whether or the corruption affects FDI (foreign direct investment).
Will the relationship between the corruption and foreign direct investment have some changes, under different influential variable? We’ve discovered five correlations, such as, the enrollment ratio of the primary school ,inflation ratio, the government consumption expenditure as a percent of GDP , the economy degree of development and the regional locations, etc. This paper results prove that the degree of incorruption in corruption will influences positively FDI intention. We’ve found two clear findings of factor between the relationship of the degree of incorruption in corruption and FDI. First, in American countries that have high inflation, the positive relation between the degree of incorruption in corruption and the FDI is strengthened. Second, in Asian, African and middle east countries where the governments expense more will decrease the positive relation between the degree of incorruption in corruption and the FDI. We may know by the results above that if a country wants to avoid the disadvantage caused by the corruption to affect the foreign direct investment. They can apply for the means that governments should reduce its expenditure and do the management towards inflation. Other than that, governments should pay more attention to the possible influence in different areas. After being influenced by bringing into the Outlier questions of the transnational material and endogenous Variable , the conclusion of this paper won’t be changed, supporting the steadiness of the actual results.
摘要............................................................................................................i
Abstract.......................................................................................................ii
目錄..........................................................................................................iii
圖目錄..........................................................................................................iv
表目錄...........................................................................................................v
第一章 緒論...............................................................................................1
第一節 研究動機與目的.............................................................................1
第二節 本文架構.........................................................................................5
第二章 文獻回顧.......................................................................................7
第一節 外人直接投資與貪污之相關文獻.................................................7
第二節 影響貪污因素之相關文獻...........................................................10
第三章 研究方法.....................................................................................12
第一節 實證模型.......................................................................................13
第二節 研究方法介紹...............................................................................17
第四章 實證分析.....................................................................................22
第一節 資料說明.......................................................................................22
第二節 實證結果.......................................................................................23
第五章 結論.............................................................................................28
參考文獻.....................................................................................................54
一、中文部份
杜世萌 (2007),「從企業倫理探討台灣貪腐問題」,國立中央大學哲學研究所碩士論文。
林世彬 (2003),「外人直接投資、技術移轉與經濟成長」,中國文化大學經濟研究所碩士論文。
張企申 (2002),「兩岸外人直接投資趨勢與相關性分析」,世新大學經濟學系碩士論文。
張裕衢 (2007),「貪污成因的跨國實證研究」,中山人文社會科學研究所碩士論文。
莊郁雯 (2006),「國際金融整合一定有助於經濟成長嗎?全球實證分析」,國立中興大學應用經濟學研究所碩士論文。
黃瓊慧 (2006),「中國與印度外人直接投資因素比較之探討」,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
蒙志強 (2004),「貪污有害於經濟成長嗎?」,國立台灣大學經濟學研究所碩士論文。
謝尚伯 (2006),「貪污研究與印尼的反貪污運動」,台灣東南亞學刊,第3卷,第2 期,73-204。
劉孟俊 (2005),「區域貿易整合與外人直接投資流向」,『經濟前瞻』,第99期,95-100。
二、英文部份
Al-Marhubi, F.A. (2000). “Corruption and Inflation”, Economics Letters, 66 199-202.
Hausman, A., (1978), “Specification tests in econometrics,” Economic Journal, 49, 14-33.
Habib, M. and L. Zurawiciki (2001), “Country-level Investments and the Effect of Corruption Some Empirical Evidence” , International Business Review, 10, 687-700.
Kennedy, A. (2003). “The Link between Foreign Direct Investment and Corruption in Transitional Economies”, The Norman Paterson School of international Affaris, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada.
Mundlak, A., (1978), “On the Pooling of Time Series and Cross-section Data,” Econometrica, Vol. ㎝ 46, 69-85.
Mauro, P. (1998). “Corruption and the Composition of Government Expenditure”, Journal of Public Economics, 69, 263–279.
Mehlkop, G. and P. Graff (2003). “The Impact of Economic Freedom on Corruption: different patterns for rich and poor countries”, European Journal of Political Economy, 19, 605-620.
Teksoz, U. (2004). “Corruption and Foreign Direct Investment”, Munich Graduate School of Economics.
Wooldridge, J.M. (2002), “Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data,” Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, 289.
Wu, S.Y. (2006). “Corruption and Cross-border Investment by Multinational Firms”, Journal of Comparative Economics, 34, 839-856.
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