跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.236.84.188) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/08/03 15:39
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:江恩暉
研究生(外文):En-hui Chiang
論文名稱:液流阻尼器與調諧質量阻尼器系統共構之耐震分析
論文名稱(外文):Seismic systems with Fluid Damper and Tuned Mass Damper
指導教授:朱世禹徐德修徐德修引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shih-yu ChuDeh-shiu Hsu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:土木工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:101
中文關鍵詞:離頻效應調諧質量阻尼器液流阻尼器
外文關鍵詞:TMDFluid Damperdetuning effect
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:7
  • 點閱點閱:207
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
調諧質量阻尼器(Tuned Mass Damper簡稱TMD)是一種在世界各大樓中廣泛被應用之減震裝置,其減震原理是將阻尼器之振動頻率設計成與主結構系統之第一振頻相近,當主結構受外力擺動時,TMD會因共振原理隨結構擺盪,而TMD在擺盪過程中與結構間的互制作用會減小結構之振幅。在結構控制中,以TMD作為控制元件之相關研究與實際應用,一直以來都是以控制因風力引起之振動或是中小規模地震力為設計考量,對於TMD之防震減震功能則較少討論。
TMD僅隨主結構之第一振頻擺盪,在外力造成遠離第一振頻之振動時,TMD之減震功能會因離頻效應而有所折減。本論文嘗試分析以液流阻尼器(Fluid Damper)對含TMD結構進行補強之功能。
由數值模擬結果可知TMD固然能降低主結構之反應,而經由液流阻尼器之補強後,即使地震力造成之振動頻率遠離第一振頻時,亦能進一步提升結構之位移與加速度反應,達到減震效果。
TMD only swung follows the first mode vibration of structure. If seismic force is far away from the first mode vibration of structure,it would reduce the effects upon TMD because of detuning effect.But someone would worry that it is not enough of energy dissipation.The Fluid Damper is chosen to reinforce the structural seismic resistance ability of the TMD system in this thesis.In accordance with the simulation results,it can be shown that TMD can effectively reduce the response of the structure.With the reinforcement of the Fluid Damper even if seismic force is far away from the first mode vibration of structure,it can also provide further reducing effects both in displacement and acceleration response.
目錄
頁次
中文摘要…..............................................................................................Ⅰ
英文摘要..................................................................................................Ⅱ
誌謝….....................................................................………….................Ⅲ
目錄..........................................................................................................Ⅳ
表目錄…..................................................................................................Ⅷ
圖目錄......................................................................................................Ⅸ



第一章 緒論..............................................................................................1
1.1 前言..............................................................................................1
1.2 研究動機及目的..........................................................................2
1.3 本文內容......................................................................................3

第二章 文獻回顧.....................................................................................4
2.1 控制系統...................................................................................4
2.1.1 主動控制...............................................................................4
2.1.2 半主動控制...........................................................................4
2.1.3 被動控制...............................................................................5
2.2 被動控制...................................................................................5
2.2.1 被動控制元件.......................................................................5
2.2.2 調諧質量阻尼器簡介...........................................................7
2.2.3 液流阻尼器簡介...................................................................9
2.3 運動方程式推導.....................................................................11
2.3.1 TMD系統...........................................................................11
2.3.2 單自由度系統.....................................................................14
2.3.3 多自由度系統.....................................................................15

第三章 程式架構介紹...........................................................................19
3.1 程式系統簡介.........................................................................19
3.2 圖形方塊介紹.........................................................................19
3.3 Matlab運算之流程圖.............................................................22
3.4 各種狀態之程式模擬.............................................................23
3.4.1 阻尼器程式介紹.................................................................23
3.4.2 含TMD之單自由度系統..................................................24
3.4.3 含TMD與液流阻尼器之單自由度系統..........................27
3.4.4 含TMD之三個自由度系統..............................................30
3.4.5 含TMD與液流阻尼器之三個自由度系統......................33
3.4.6 TMD頻譜反應函數圖之程式碼介紹...............................38
3.4.7 利用Matlab作頻譜圖介紹................................................39

第四章 結構模擬減震...........................................................................40
4.1 模擬用剪力構架.....................................................................40
4.2 模型建立.................................................................................42
4.2.1 單自由度系統之狀態方程式.............................................43
4.2.2 單自由度系統含TMD與液流阻尼器之狀態方程式......44
4.2.3 國家地震中心三層樓之狀態方程式.................................47
4.2.4 國家地震中心三層樓含TMD與液流阻尼器之狀態
方程式.................................................................................50
4.3 結構模擬減震.........................................................................55
4.3.1 液流阻尼器之擺置方法.....................................................58
4.3.2 模型之自然頻率檢核.........................................................61
4.3.3 TMD之頻率反應函數圖...................................................63
4.3.4 結構控制力.........................................................................64
4.4 數值模擬之減震成效.............................................................64
4.4.1 單自由度系統之位移控制比較.........................................65
4.4.2 單自由度系統之加速度控制比較.....................................71
4.4.3 三層樓構架之位移控制比較.............................................76
4.4.4 三層樓構架之加速度控制比較.........................................84
4.4.5 各樓層加裝阻尼器之比較.................................................92

第五章 結論與建議...............................................................................96
5.1 結論.........................................................................................96
5.2 建議.........................................................................................97

參考文獻.................................................................................................98
附錄.......................................................................................................101
參考文獻
1.Masato Abe’ (1996), “Tuned Mass Dampers for Structures with Bilinear Hysteresis,"Journal of Engineering Mechanics, Vol. 122, No. 8, 797~800.
2.Hsiang-Chuan Tsai and Guan-Cheng Lin (1993), “Optimum Tuned-Mass Dampers for Minimizing Steady-State Response of Support-Excited and Damped Systems,"Journal of Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 23, 957-973.
3.J.P.Den Hartog, Mechanical Vibrations, 4th edn, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1956.
4.G.B.Warburton and E.O.Ayorinde(1980), “Optimum Absorber Parameters for Simple Systems,"Journal of Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol.8, 197-217.
5.G.B.Warburton(1982), “Optimal absorber parameters for various combinations of response and excitation parameters,” Journal of Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 10, 381-401.
6.Rahul Rana and T.T.Song (1998), “Parametric study and simplified design of response and excitation parameters,” Journal of Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 10, 381-401.
7.P.Lukkunaprasit and A.Wanitkorkul(2001), “Inelastic building with tuned mass dampers under moderate ground motions from distant earthquakes,"Journal of Earthquake engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 30, 537-551.
8.T.Pinkaew, P.Lukkunaprasit, P.Chatupote(2003), “Seismic effectiveness of tuned mass dampers for damage reduction of structures,” Journal of Engineering Structures, Vol. 25, 39-46.
9.王秋文,「含被動調諧質量阻尼器結構之耐震行為研究」,國立臺灣大學土木工程研究所碩士論文,民國96年6月。
10.Taylor, D.P. (1996) “Fluid Dampers for Applications of Seismic Energy Dissipation and Seismic Isolation”, Eleventh Word Conference on Earthquake Engineering, No.798.
11.Chu S.Y., Soong T.T., Lin C.C., Chen Y.Z.(2002), “Time Delay Effect and Compensation on Direct Output Feedback Controlled Mass Damper System.” Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 31(4): 121-137.
12.Chu S.Y., Soong T.T., and Reinhorn A.M.(2005). Active, Hybrid and Semi-Active Structural Control-A Design and Implementation Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
13.Den Hartog, J.P.(1947)Mechanical Vibrations, New York City, N.Y., McGraw-Hill.
14.Chopra, Anil K., “Dynamics of Structures: Theory and Applications to Earthquake Engineering”, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, N.J., 2001, Chapter 3.
15.林家銘,「磁流變阻尼器之結構半主動模糊控制」,國立成功大學土木工程研究所碩士論文,民國93年6月。
16.吳騏,「磁流變阻尼器之研發」,國立成功大學土木工程研究所博士論文,民國96年8月。
17.唐治平、柯孝勳、柯忠良,「高阻尼樓房結構耐震研究」,中國土木水利工程學刊,第十三卷,第四期,pp.793,(2001)。
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top