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研究生:莊涵甲
研究生(外文):Han-Chia Chuang
論文名稱:軌跡球輸入裝置之設計與評估-以中年使用者為例
論文名稱(外文):Design and Evaluation of a Novel Trackball Input Device:An example for middle-aged users
指導教授:吳豐光吳豐光引用關係
指導教授(外文):Fong-Gong Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:工業設計學系碩博士班
學門:設計學門
學類:產品設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:130
中文關鍵詞:中年人軌跡球輸入裝置雙手操控
外文關鍵詞:Middle-aged peopleTrackball input deviceTwo-handed operation
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近年來,由於電腦科技與圖形化使用者介面的發展日新月異,使得非鍵盤輸入裝置的使用時間增加,其中,滑鼠至今仍為最常被拿來使用的輸入裝置。然而,操控滑鼠容易受到桌面空間限制,造成不自然的使用姿勢進而形成肌肉骨骼的傷害,這對中年族群以上的使用者來說絕對是種負擔。在之前的研究結果中顯示軌跡球滑鼠能減少手腕尺偏與肩部抬舉的現象,是一種合適於年紀稍長者來使用的操控輸入裝置。但由於一般現有的軌跡球滑鼠在執行如拖曳之類的動作時,使用者必須以單手滾動軌跡球及按壓按鍵,導致操作會較為困難。然而,適當的使用雙手操作方式,不僅可以增加使用者的工作效率,也可以降低其身體疲勞的情況。故本研究發展出兩套以雙手操控(慣用手控制軌跡球;非慣用手按壓按鍵)且不受空間限制之新式軌跡球輸入裝置(Jack-1與Jack-2)。並利用一系列的實驗:(1)績效評估測驗(2)受測者肢體觀察(3)主觀評量問卷來與滑鼠及兩項現有軌跡球輸入裝置加以比較與探討分析。從績效評量測驗的結果顯示,Jack-1及Jack-2雖然在所有任務測驗之受測平均時間中,表現無法達到與Mouse一般出色,不過當進行拖曳作業評量測驗時,Jack-1與Jack-2已能與滑鼠的成績不存在顯著性差異(p>0.05)。此外,兩者在許多任務測驗中,成績皆能顯著的較現有軌跡球輸入裝置優異。然而,從穩定度評量測驗的結果顯示,滑鼠控制游標的能力仍較兩項新裝置出色。肢體觀察方面,Jack-1與Jack-2的腕部尺偏及背曲現象,明顯較滑鼠與現有軌跡球輸入裝置輕微。主觀評量問卷方面,受測者給Mouse的整體評價之平均得分為4.2分是所有裝置中最高分的,但是與此次發展的Jack-2及Jack-1之平均得分(4.0分與3.8分)相差有限。最後,此次研究之主要目的在提供中年的電腦使用族群有更多輸入裝置的選擇機會,並希望給予往後相關研究一些指引方向。
Recently, due to the development of computer technology and graphical user interface, there has been a rapid growth in the range of non-keyboard input devices. However, it could easily result in unnatural postures and musculoskeletal disorders(which could possibly be a burden for middle-aged users) because of the desktop space constraints when operating a mouse. Results from previous studies show that trackball mouse is a suitable input device for older adults which can decrease wrist ulnar deviation and shoulder elevation. Because users must roll the ball and press the buttom by single hand when performing tasks like dragging, it’s difficult to operate smoothly. However, when using two-handed operation in an appropriate way, participants not only gain the working efficiency, but also reduce the tireness. Therefore, this study developed two sets of novel trackball input devices operated by two hands(dominant hand controls the trackball;non-dominant hand presses the buttom) with no space constraints, and used a series of experiments:(1)performance evaluation tests (2)physical observations (3)questionnaire analysis to verify the two prototypes(Jack-1 and Jack-2) and the existing input devices(one mouse and two trackball mouse). The results of performance evaluation tests show that though the performances of Jack-1 and Jack-2 do not seem as good as those of the mouse among the average tested time, while progressing “drag-and-drop” evaluation tests, there are no significant differences between the mouse and the newly-develpoed devices(p>0.05). Besides, the performances of the two newly-developed devices are significantly better than both existing trackball input devices in several tasks. However, the results of stability assessment tests show that the ability of a mouse to control the cursor is still greater than all the other devices. In physical observation part, wrist extension and ulnar deviation were measured while using Jack-1 and Jack-2, but apparently slighter than all the other devices. In questionnaire analysis part, the mouse was given the highest score 4.2 among the devices, but with no diffirences between both Jack-1 and Jack-2(3.8 and 4.0). Eventually, the aim of this study is to offer middle-aged users more choices of input devices and to give some design guidelines for the future related studies.
第一章 緒論
1.1 研究背景與動機 ………………………………………………………… 1
1.2 研究目的 ………………………………………………………………… 3
1.3 研究範圍界定與限制 …………………………………………………… 3
1.4 預期成果 ………………………………………………………………… 3
1.5 研究架構與流程 ………………………………………………………… 4



第二章 文獻探討
2.1 中年族群 ………………………………………………………………… 5
2.1.1 何謂中年人 …………………………………………………………… 5
2.1.2 中年人之健康問題 …………………………………………………… 7
2.2 非鍵盤輸入裝置(NKID) ………………………………………………… 13
2.2.1 各式NKID簡介 ……………………………………………………… 13
2.2.2 NKID 之評估與比較 ………………………………………………… 17
2.2.3 NKID 設計之考量因素 ……………………………………………… 20
2.3 輸入裝置之操作相關探討 ……………………………………………… 21
2.3.1 操作介面探討 ………………………………………………………… 21
2.3.2 Fitts' Law ……………………………………………………………… 24
2.3.3 控制反應比(C/R比)…………………………………………………… 25
2.3.4 生理相關探討 ………………………………………………………… 26
第三章 研究方法
3.1 設計發展 ………………………………………………………………… 34
3.1.1 現有輸入裝置使用者觀察 …………………………………………… 34
3.1.2 設計目標與準則 ……………………………………………………… 35
3.1.3 設計構想發展與建立原型 …………………………………………… 36
3.2 實驗設計 ………………………………………………………………… 38
3.2.1 受測者 ………………………………………………………………… 38
3.2.2 實驗準備階段 ………………………………………………………… 38
3.2.3 實驗設備與配置 ……………………………………………………… 38
3.2.4 實驗內容 ……………………………………………………………… 45
第四章 實驗結果與分析
4.1 實驗結果 ………………………………………………………………… 56
4.2 實驗數據分析 …………………………………………………………… 59
4.2.1 操控績效部份 ………………………………………………………… 59
4.2.2 肢體觀察部份 ………………………………………………………… 79
4.2.3 主觀評量部份 ………………………………………………………… 87

第五章 結論與建議 ………………………………………………………… 93
參考文獻 ……………………………………………………………………… 97

附錄
附錄一 40∼65歲之相關人體計測表 ………………………………………… 102
附錄二 操控績效實驗介面 …………………………………………………… 107
附錄三 受測同意書與使用各種輸入裝置之經驗調查問卷 ………………… 111
附錄四 實驗輸入裝置主觀評量問卷 ………………………………………… 113
附錄五 整體評價主觀評量問卷 ……………………………………………… 118
附錄六 實驗數據結果 ………………………………………………………… 119
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