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研究生:李傑平
研究生(外文):Je-pin Lee
論文名稱:以軟性系統動態學建構產品生命週期成本於協同設計環境之研究
論文名稱(外文):Optimizing a Design Chain in the Collaborative Design Environment by Integrating PLC into SSDM
指導教授:呂執中呂執中引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jr-jung Lyu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:工業與資訊管理學系碩博士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:英文
論文頁數:88
中文關鍵詞:協同設計軟性系統動態學產品生命週期成本
外文關鍵詞:soft systems dynamics methodologyproduct life-cycle costcollaborative design
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
近年來許多企業持續強調協同設計的重要性,透過協同的方式,以幫助其提昇競爭優勢。然而,一個協同產品開發的流程往往包含公司內部的不同部門以及外部的供應商與顧客,彼此間需要高度的互動性,造成協同之環境較為複雜。對於處理如此跨組織的研發流程,過去研究已發現經由軟性系統方法學和系統動力學所組成的軟性系統動態學可以用來分析與整合此新產品開發流程。
產品生命週期成本為評估產品設計流程績效的一個有效工具,主要評估產品開發流程中產生的總成本。然而,過去關於軟性系統動態學的文獻並未結合產品生命週期成本的概念,故在評估設計鏈的績效方面缺乏一個有效的方法。為了發展協同環境中最佳化設計鏈的方法,本研究的目的為在提出一套結合軟性系統動態學與評估產品開發流程總成本之方法論。
本研究採用軟性系統動態分析並指出企業以協同環境下產品開發流程中所遇到的問題。藉由產品生命週期成本與軟性系統動態學的整合,促使企業評估產品設計各階段中所產生的成本,並以成本最小化為目標下,將產品設計鏈流程最佳化。最後,為了說明本研究所提出之方法和流程,經由數值化的方式把一家個案公司套入本研究的模式十個階段中,藉以驗證所提出模式的可行性。企業因此以總成本與時間的績效指標比較現行以及改善後流程的差異性,用以找出最佳化流程的協同開發專案。
The importance of collaborative design (CD) to the competitiveness of enterprises has been frequently emphasized. Since CD is highly related to the product development process that involves internal and external organizations, such an environment of a design chain is usually rather complex. Within such a complicated process, soft systems dynamics methodology (SSDM), which consists of soft systems methodology (SSM) and systems dynamics (SD), can be applied to improve the design chain.
Product life-cycle cost (PLC) is shown to be an effective measurement to evaluate the performance of a product design process. However, previous literature on SSDM has not been integrated with PLC concept. This study proposes a methodology based on SSDM that evaluates the total cost across different stages of product design in order to optimize a design chain in the CD environment.
This research applies a revised version of SSDM in the CD environment to formulate product development processes of a cluster of enterprises. By integrating PLC into SSDM, the proposed methodology evaluates associated product design activities and minimizes the total costs in order to optimize a design chain. An illustrative case is given to demonstrate feasibility of the methodology. An enterprise can therefore optimize its process associated with the CD project.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS II
ABSTRACT III
LIST OF TABLES VII
LIST OF FIGURES IX
CHAPTER I 1
INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Motivation 1
1.2 Objectives 2
1.3 Research Process 3
CHAPTER II 5
LITERATURE REVIEW 5
2.1 Collaborative Design 5
2.1.1 The Concept of Collaborative Design 5
2.1.2 Design Chain 8
2.1.3 Product Lifecycle Management 10
2.2 Product Life-cycle Cost 13
2.3 Soft Systems Dynamics Methodology 20
2.3.1 The Concept of SSDM 20
2.3.2 Briefing Stages 23
CHAPTER III 28
PROPOSED FRAMEWORK 28
3.1 Problem Statement 28
3.2 Extension of the PLC Models in the Design Chain 29
3.3 Integrating PLC into SSDM 33
3.3.1 Real world 34
3.3.2 Problem-Situation Systems Thinking World 36
3.3.3 Solving-Situation Systems Thinking World 38
3.3.4 Real world 40
3.4 An Illustrative Example 43
3.4.1 Real world 43
3.4.2 Problem-Situation Systems Thinking World 45
3.4.3 Solving-Situation Systems Thinking World 47
3.4.4 Real World 53
CHAPTER IV 56
CASE STUDY 56
4.1 Background 56
4.2 Implanting SSDM-II into Case Study 57
4.2.1 Real world 57
4.2.2 Problem-Situation Systems Thinking World 61
4.2.3 Solving-Situation Systems Thinking World 64
4.2.4 Real world 73
4.3 Discussion 76
CHAPTER V 81
CONCLUSION 81
5.1 Conclusion and Future Research 81
REFERENCE 83
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