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研究生:高傳淵
研究生(外文):Chuan-Yuan Kao
論文名稱:影響國道長途客運駕駛疲勞與緊急車況因素之探討
論文名稱(外文):A Study on the Factors Affecting Driving Fatigue and Close Calls of Inter-city Bus
指導教授:林佐鼎林佐鼎引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tzuo-ding Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:交通管理學系碩博士班
學門:運輸服務學門
學類:運輸管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:60
中文關鍵詞:結構方程式模式國道客運業駕駛疲勞
外文關鍵詞:Inter-city Bus CompanyStructural Equation ModelingDriving Fatigue
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:4
  • 點閱點閱:222
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
國道駕駛員必須長時間駕駛對長途駕駛員的生理時鐘與睡眠喪失有很大的影響,因此其生理時鐘與睡眠週期容易受到干擾而感到疲勞,而有關駕駛者疲倦的調查研究中,指出了許多與駕駛者疲倦有顯著相關的因素,包括開車時間、缺乏睡眠、道路型態、酒精或藥物、天候、開車的經驗等。
本研究企圖藉由回顧相關文獻,試圖找出駕駛疲勞與緊急車況影響因素,發展出適合影響國道長途客運駕駛疲勞與緊急車況因素之模式。針對駕駛員問卷和數位式行車記錄器資料,採用結構方程模式進行模式的配適及驗證。
研究結果顯示,排班、飲酒藥物習性不良對於駕駛疲勞有顯著正向影響,駕駛員因素對於駕駛疲勞有顯著負向影響,排班、飲酒藥物習性不良、不佳駕駛環境對於緊急車況有顯著正向影響。
The intercity bus driver has to biological clock and lost sleep toward the long distance to have very great influence for a long time, therefore, easily subjected to interference and feel tired, and the research of the concerning driver weariness in, pointed out many experiences that contain related factor with driver weariness, include to drive time, lack of sleep, road type, alcohol or medicine, weather etc..
The purpose of this thesis is to propose a model investigating the relationships among driving fatigue and close calls.The questionnaires and DSRC were distributed to the drivers at Taipei and Kaohsiung.The structural equation modeling(SEM) was used to analyze survey data.
The results revealed that drivers scheduling and alcohol use behaviors have positive effiects on driving fatigue.Driver’s factors has negative effects on driving fatigue. Drivers scheduling and alcohol use behaviors and environment for car have positive effects on close calls.
目錄
摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 V
表目錄 VI
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 4
1.3 研究範圍 4
1.4 研究流程 5
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2.1 疲勞事故的相關探討 6
2.2 駕駛疲勞的相關探討 8
2.2.1 睡眠時間 8
2.2.2 排班 9
2.2.3 不佳駕駛環境因素 11
2.2.4 飲酒藥物習性不良 12
2.2.5 駕駛員因素 14
2.2.6 其他疲勞相關研究 16
2.3 緊急車況 18
2.4 小結 20
第三章 研究方法 21
3.1 研究架構 21
3.2 研究假設 22
3.3 研究變數的操弄及衡量方法 23
3.3.1 問卷內容 24
3.3.2 數位式行車記錄器資料庫 26
3.4 資料分析方法 28
3.4.1 敘述統計方法 28
3.4.2 信度與效度方法 29
3.4.3 迴歸 29
3.4.4 結構方程模式(Structural Equation Modeling) 29
3.5 小結 30
第四章 資料整理與分析 31
4.1 問卷回收與整理 31
4.2 敘述性統計分析 32
4.2.1 駕駛員個人基本資料之敘述性統計 32
4.2.2 變數之敘述性統計 33
4.3 信度分析 35
4.4小結 35
第五章 實驗結果 36
5.1 迴歸分析 36
5.2 結構方程模式之建立 38
5.2.1 結構方程模式分析 39
5.2.2 SEM假設檢定 43
5.3 小結 47
第六章 結論與建議 49
6.1 結論 49
6.2 建議 50
6.3 後續研究建議 51
參考文獻 52
一、中文部分 52
二、英文部分 53
三、網站部分 57
附錄一 調查問卷 58
圖目錄
圖 1-1 歷年肇事原因分析圖 3
圖 1-2 研究流程 5
圖 2-2 方向盤平均振幅 12
圖 3-1 影響長途國道客運駕駛員疲勞及緊急車況因素架構圖 22
圖 3-2 研究分析流程 28
圖 5-1 結構方程模式初步架構圖 39
圖 5-2 結構方程模式結果架構圖 41
表目錄
表 1-1 歷年肇事原因統計表 2
表 2-1 疲勞駕駛與交通事故相關性彙整表 8
表 2-2 酒精作用下引發大腦變化情況 13
表 2-3 血液中酒精濃度值對駕駛人能力之影響 14
表 2-4 緊急車況定義 19
表 3-1 變數文獻整理(一) 24
表 3-2 變數文獻整理(二) 26
表 4-1 問卷回收概況表 31
表 4-2 駕駛員個人資料之敘述統計表 32
表 4-3 各研究構面之敘述性統計分析 33
表 4-4 不佳駕駛環境之信度分析 35
表 5-1 各研究構面與駕駛疲勞之迴歸分析 37
表 5-2 各研究構面與緊急車況之迴歸分析 38
表 5-3 SEM各模式之配適度指標表 39
表 5-4 結構方程式之適合度指標 40
表 5-5 最終模式路徑係數彙整 43
表 5-6 研究假設驗證結果整理 46
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三、網站部分
1.交通部國道高速公路局,http://www.freeway.gov.tw
2.National Highway Traffic Safety Administration(NHTSA),
http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/
3.Roberts, C. C., Jr., “Response time,” 2004,
http://www.roberts.ezpublishing.com/croberts/respon.htm
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