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研究生:李佳蓉
研究生(外文):Chia-jung Lee
論文名稱:影響研發人員吸收能力與新產品發展績效之多層次分析研究
論文名稱(外文):The multilevel investigation of factors influencing R&D employee's absorptive capacity and new product development performance
指導教授:史習安史習安引用關係
指導教授(外文):Si-an Shih
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:企業管理學系碩博士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:英文
論文頁數:78
外文關鍵詞:New product development performanceHRM practiceAbsorptive capacityHuman capitalHierarchical linear modeling
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Previous works on absorptive capacity have focused on organization-level analysis. This multilevel study of 358 R&D engineers, 41 HR managers and 41 R&D managers, from 41 companies tries to demonstrate that both individual- and organization-level factors would significantly associate with individual absorptive capacity and organizational absorptive capacity: human capital explained within-company variance, and HRM practice explained between company variance. Furthermore, the relationship between organizational absorptive capacity and new product development is verified. The results of this empirical research indicate: First, a person’s experience (human capital) would affect his/her individual absorptive capacity. Second, HRM practices would affect both individual absorptive capacity and organizational absorptive capacity. Third, potential absorptive capacity and realized absorptive capacity’ predicting ability of new product performance is not as strong as we expected.
1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 RESEARCH BACKGROUND AND MOTIVATION 1
1.2 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES 3
1.3 RESEARCH STRUCTURES 4
2 THEORETICAL BACK GROUND AND HYPOTHESES 6
2.1 DEFINITION OF CONSTRUCTS 6
2.1.1 Absorptive Capacity 6
2.1.2 The Individual Dimension: Individual Absorptive Capacity 7
2.1.3 Human Capital 9
2.1.4 Human Resource Management Practices 10
2.1.5 New Product Development 15
2.1.6 New Product Development Performance 16
2.2 HYPOTHESIS DEVELOPMENT 18
2.2.1 Human Capital and Individual Absorptive Capacity 18
2.2.2 HRM Practices and Individual Absorptive Capacity 19
2.2.3 Cross-Level Interactions- Human Capital, Individual Absorptive Capacity and HRM practices 21
2.2.4 HRM Practices and Organizational Absorptive Capacity 24
2.2.5 Organizational Absorptive and New Product Development Performance 26
3 METHODS 28
3.1 RESEARCH FRAMEWORK 28
3.2 PARTICIPANTS AND PROCEDURES 29
3.2.1 Descriptions of the Sample 29
3.3 MEASURES 31
3.4 DATA ANALYSIS 39
4 RESULTS 43
4.1 EXPLORATORY FACTOR ANALYSIS 43
4.2 RELIABILITY TEST OF HRM PRACTICE 45
4.3 CONSTRUCT VALIDITY OF INDIVIDUAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL ABSORPTIVE CAPACITY 45
4.4 HLM RESULTS FOR INDIVIDUAL ABSORPTIVE CAPACITY 47
4.5 REGRESSION ANALYSIS 50
5 CONCLUSION 52
5.1 DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATION 52
5.1.1 Human Capital and Individual Absorptive Capacity 52
5.1.2 HRM Practice, Individual Absorptive Capacity and Organizational Absorptive Capacity 53
5.1.3 HRM Practice, Human Capital, and Individual Absorptive Capacity 54
5.1.4 Organizational Absorptive Capacity and NPD Performance 55
5.2 LIMITATIONS AND FUTURE RESEARCH 57
REFERENCE 60
APPENDIX 69
1. THE PARTIAL LEAST SQUARE(PLS) RESULTS 69
2. THE PATH DIAGRAM 69
3. QUESTIONNAIRE (FOR HR MANAGER/ R&D MANAGER /R&D ENGINEER) 69
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