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研究生:鍾佳君
研究生(外文):Chia-chun Chung
論文名稱:生活日誌—智慧生活空間與活動法則之建立
論文名稱(外文):Life Log in Smart Space
指導教授:鄭泰昇鄭泰昇引用關係
指導教授(外文):Taysheng Jeng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:建築學系碩博士班
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:建築學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:106
中文關鍵詞:生活日誌數位生活活動關係生活紀錄資料庫智慧生活
外文關鍵詞:digital lifelife recordswisdomlife and activitiesdatabaseife logs
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:477
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:152
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
近年來智慧科技之於人類的生活已經有了許多改變,從單方面的自動化、人工智慧到現在的生活輔助功能,人類的生活方式越來越受到科技的輔助,相較之下人本科技的互動方式則有待更近一步的與人類的生活方式整合適應。
太過及時卻缺乏縝密思考的自動化反應其實不太能因應人的生活方式,有的時候反而會對生活造成困擾。科技應該要能夠符合人們的生活方式,而非自訂一套生活方式要使用者改變原有的生活去順應。在提供自動化服務的同時,這些數位化服務的設備該如何收取到足夠參考的資訊,仍不過度侵犯使用者的隱私,也是需要討論的課題。
本論文主要的思考方向是從人類生活中,各種活動方式的路徑與規則加以分析與紀錄,試圖尋求一套簡單而且可供通用的生活紀錄方式法則,此法則可以使數位化服務介於全自動化與非自動化之間,在提供數位化生活服務的同時讓使用者仍然保有自己的生活方式,不會因為自動化而失去生活的樂趣。
此法則針對生活中的各項要素加以分析並安排資訊收集的組織,這些要素包括:時間、空間、對象;時間要素的特質是單線,絕對的參考;空間則具有層級架構與組織性質,不同層級的空間也會產生不同的活動類型;對象要素則主要區分為「使用者」與被使用的「物件」兩種,這兩者之間的各項事件產生了生活中的各種活動。透過對「生活」產生的各項要素之分析,再依照所分析的架構來收集生活的資訊,讓數位生活空間在使用這些資訊的時候能夠更有效的得知使用者的需要,並針對這些需要來給予幫助。除此之外,這些紀錄本身也能代表使用者的「生活日誌」,在未來需要回憶、提醒、累積經驗等時候,紀錄本身就具有數位化服務的功能。
本論文的目標,乃是研發一個「生活日誌」系統 (Life Log System),藉著嵌入空間中的感應器,蒐集人在空間中生活的各種活動與事件,進而分析其「關聯性」(dependencies),未來智慧空間的發展,可將「智慧」編織在自然的「生活紋理」之中,讓彼此之間的關係形成一個資訊網路。
未來發展的評估則可利用網路來連結各個不同的生活空間中收集的生活資訊,除了可以溝通之外,類型相似或相同的活度紀錄也能彼此支援。將資料庫擴充在網路平台,與其他網路資源皆可整合支援。
In recent years the smart technology in human life has been many changes, from unilateral automation and artificial intelligence to the present life-supply functions, the way of human life change to more and more technology-assisted. As compared with the human-adaptation technology has to be closer to the way of real life.
Too direct and lacked of thinking carefully automation in fact can not be the way of life; sometimes it will cause problems of life. Technology should be able to meet people's way of life, but not to make users change their original life. When the provision of automated services offered, how do these digital services equipment to collect sufficient information, and not excessively interfere with the privacy of users, is the main issue to be discussed.
This research is trying to record the activities and the rules of path of the events during our daily life. And seeking for a simple universal way of life recording rule, this rule will afford the digital services between the full- automated and non-automated. And when the users is enjoying the digital services, also still enjoying their original life-style at the same time. But not losing the fun of life.
This rule of life is anglicizing the organization of elements in daily life. These elements include: time, space, lead. Factor of time is the nature of a single, absolute reference space has a level of structure and organization, the different levels of space will also produce different types of activities; Lead is assorted of "user" and "objects". Both of them result the events of the daily life. Through the analysis the elements of life, we can account of the structure of events and record the daily activities by this rule; then result a log of life. This log will be “Life Log”.
In this research, the goal is the development of a “Life Log System”, by embedding sensors in space to gather in the daily activities and events. Then analyze the dependencies. The future smart space development could wave the "smart" in the "pattern of life", so that the relationship between the formation of an information network.
The future development of the assessment may use the Internet to link the various system areas, and offer their information each other. In addition to communication, the same or similar type of activity can also supply the “smart” to each other.
一、 緒論
1-1 研究背景-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3
1-2 研究定義與目的--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6
1-3 研究議題------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7
1-4 文獻回顧------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8
1-4.1生活紀錄的方法------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8
1-4.2生活紀錄的法則:事件導向的紀錄方式----------------------------------------------------------------11
1-4.3生活紀錄的法則:事件導向擴充活動空間---------------------------------------------------------------13
1-5 研究架構------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------14

二、 分析
2-1 生活的描述方式--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------17
2-1.1活動與事件 (Activity & Events) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------18
2-1.2活動呈現方式---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------19
2-1.3以被使用的物件為中心(Object-centric) -------------------------------------------------------------------20
2-1.4 紀錄與讀取方式分離-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------22
2-1.5物件層級系統(Used) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------24
2-2 事件要素------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
2-2.1 時間因子---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------26
2-2.2 空間層級---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------27
2-3 事件關聯性---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------29
2-4 自動化層級分類--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
2-5 資料庫結構---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------31
2-6 分析小結------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------33

三、法則建立
3-1 空間層級------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------37
3-2 使用者層級--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------39
3-3 被使用物件層級--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
3-4 Sensor Net Work 的佈建--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------42
3-5 事件與活動的偵測方法----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------43
3-6 資料的結構與傳輸步驟----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45

四、實驗
4-1 樣本試做------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------49
4-1.1 劃分實驗領域--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
4-1.2 事件資料庫架構與活動空間整合-------------------------------------------------------------------------50
4-1.3 在空間領域中安置感應裝置-------------------------------------------------------------------------------53
4-1.4 事件資料收集程式說明-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------54
4-1.5 事件資料收集與傳輸架構----------------------------------------------------------------------------------56
4-1.6 逐次實驗紀錄--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------57
4-1.7 感應原理介紹--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------59
4-2 系統與網路資料庫傳輸步驟----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------59
4-3 數據分析步驟-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------62
4-3.1 Database解析演示-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------63
4-3.2 事件與地點發生時間軸-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
4-3.3 感應器與事件路徑分析圖----------------------------------------------------------------------------------66
4-3.4 活動與感應裝置收集資料模式圖-------------------------------------------------------------------------68
4-4 生活日誌------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------69
4-5 網路資訊發布介面-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
4-5.1 資訊傳遞結構--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------71
4-5.2 網路介面發布原理--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------72
4-5.3 網路伺服器-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------73
4-6 樣本演化------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------74
4-7 使用者介面設計--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------78

五、 結論
5-1 結論-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------81
5-2 未來發展評估----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------83

附錄
參考書目與網頁--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------87
生活日誌影片紀錄-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
情境劇本模擬-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------93
Lifeliggin 感應裝置資料收集VB程式碼(節錄) ---------------------------------------------------------------------94
生活日誌的撰寫日誌------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------106
[Book and Paper]
西文
1. Jeonghwa Yang, Bill N. Schilit, David W. McDonald, ”Activity Recognition for the Digital Home” , 2008.
2. N.J.Habraken, “Observing Territorial Structure, The Structure of the Ordinary”
3. Sheng-Fen Nik Chien, “CAAD Futures Introduction to CAAD Fall 2007”
4. Marc B. Vilain, Bolt Beranke, and Newman, “A System for Reasoning about Time”, 1981.
5. Johannes Klein, “Advanced Rule Dreven Transaction Management”, 1991
6. Stefana Broadbent & Valerie Bauwens, “Understanding Convergence”, 1976
7. IAAC, “Media House Project”, 2004
8. ETH Zurich, Chair of Software Engineering, “Journal of Object Technology”, 2003
9. Gregory D. Abowd, Elizabeth D. Mynatt and Tom Rodden, “The Human Experience”, 2002
10. Don Norman, “How to Talk to People”, 2007
11. Ramesh Jain, “EventWeb: Developing a Human-Centered Computing System”, 2008
12. Ben Fly, “Visualizing Data”, O’reilly, 2007
13. Andrew C. Hang, Benjamin C. Ling, Shankar Ponnekanti, “Pervasive Computing : What is it Good for?”, 1999
14. Roger Gunthor, “The Dependency Manager, A Base Service for Transactional Workflow Management”, 1996.
15. Paul C. Attie, Munindar P. Singh, Amit Sheth, Marek Rusinkiewicz, “Specifying and Enforcing Inter task Dependencies”, 1993.
16. N. Ritter, B. Mitschang, T. Harder, M. Gesmann, H. Schoning, “Capturing Design Dynamics – The CONCORD Approach”, 1994.
17. Bedny, G. Z. (Grigori Zakharovich), Karwowski, Waldemar, “A systemic-structural theory of activity : applications to human performance and work design”, 1953
18. Brown, Kyle D./Dines, Nicholas T./Harris, Charles W. (Charles Ward), “Time-saver standards for landscape architecture :design and construction data”
19. Sembach, Klaus Jurgen, Gossel Peter, ”Furniture design :twentieth century”, 1956 - Leuthauser, Gabriele, 1950
20. Terragni, “Spoon”, Emillia

中文
1. 岸本章弘、中西泰人、馬場正尊、MIKAN,【Post-Office 辦公空間經濟學】
2. 桂思強 (2005),【資料庫理論】
3. Interaction Design, Jennifer Preece, Yvonne Rogers, Helen Sharp (2006),【互動設計】
4. 許弘霖 (2006),【ContextSense :環境智能的常識知識庫系統 = ContextSense : A Commonsense Knowledge Base System for Ambient Intelligence】
5. 彭希超 (2007),【數位溫情空間】
6. 馬瑜嬪,【『空間性互動介面』 :實體使用介面於三度空間電腦輔助建築設計上的應用 = 『Spatially aware Iiteractive interfaces』 : tangible user interfaces for three dimensional】
7. 張怡文,【領域結構的定量分析 =Quantitative analysis of teffitorial structure】
8. 林軒丞,【資訊驛站 :智慧網路城市資訊入口探討 = IP++:Information Portal in Smart Environment】
9. 江秉書,【「Individual Sense」:以「個人感知」探討空間隱私與涵構覺察 = 「Individual Sesne」 : Scenario-based Digital Design for Enhancing Users' Awareness】
10. 李冠蓁,【Spatial cypin-空間事件記憶的智慧生活介面設計 =Spatial cypin-Smart Living Interface design for enhancing event memory】
11. 李炳輝,【設計之心智活動理論初探 :設計之圖像思考及其模糊系統之操作】
12. 沈揚庭,【行動地誌 =Mobile Topology】
13. 陳麒,【『互動式空間』 :資訊空間及建築空間的整合設計研究初探 = 『Interactive space』 : a study on integrated design of information and architectural spaces】
14. 李佳勳,【互動式媒體 :以感官多模式探討數位設計環境中人機互動介面設計與應用實例 = 「Interactive media」 : a multimodal approach to interface design for human-computer inte】
15. 賴承平,【空間標籤 :一種都市空間敘事的探究 = Space Tags : A Study of Urban Spatial Narratives】
16. 林慧婷,【資訊地景 :以數位台南為例 = Information landscape : digital Tainan as an example】
17. 陳麟,【「可觸及的時間」 :人時互動介面於歷史性展示空間中之應用 = 「Tangible Time」─ Human-Time Interaction Interfaces for Historical Exhibition Spaces】
18. 彭瑞章,【引導與探索 :虛擬展示空間之介面探討 = Navigation and Exploring : Creating Spatial Interfaces in the Virtual Exhibitive Environment】
19. 葉翊霆、江芃宣,【FlashMX Art Design :Highlevel actionscript version】
20. 常懷生,【建築環境心理學】
21. 亞里郡德/(Alexdrender, Christopher),【人性空間環境研究】

[Web site]
E21 MIT Intelligent Room:
http://oxygen.csail.mit.edu/E21.html
Java Demo of The Adaptive House:
http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~mozer/nnh/java_interface/ji.html
Microsoft Socio-Digital Systems & Augmenting Refrigerator Magnets:
http://research.microsoft.com/sds/
Frozen Grand Central:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jwMj3PJDxuo&NR=1
Lovers’ Cup by Jackie Lee, MIT Media Lab:
http://web.media.mit.edu/~jackylee/cups.htm
Google Code API:
http://code.google.com/apis/opensocial/
Lifelog (DARPA)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LifeLog
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LifeLog_%28DARPA%29
Microsoft Clippy, RIP: 1997~2007
http://www.engadget.com/2007/02/09/microsoft-clippy-rip-1997-2007/
Phidgets
http://www.phidgets.com/
Google Sites:
http://sites.google.com/
Google blogger:
https://www.blogger.com/
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