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研究生:胡意婷
研究生(外文):Yi-Ting Hu
論文名稱:台灣無人飛機可使用之空域劃分及空中交通流量分析
論文名稱(外文):The Analysis of Allowable Airspace and Air Traffic Flow for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Taiwan
指導教授:蕭飛賓
指導教授(外文):Fei-Bin Hsiao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:民航研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:英文
論文頁數:63
中文關鍵詞:空域MTBF流量
外文關鍵詞:AirspaceMTBFflow
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隨著無人飛機在民用的領域上蓬勃發展,無人飛機與載人飛機共用空域的安全議題在西方國家已經討論了十年左右。因此,建立無人飛機之法規已是刻不容緩。除了將操作限制及應具有之配備列入考慮,同時也要劃分出合理的空域供無人飛機使用。
目前台灣空域的使用以載人飛機為主,本論文在劃分無人飛機可使用空域置重點於飛航安全。因此,使用的參數包含了平均無故障時間、地形條件、管制空域及限制空域。由於空域的擁擠,有效率的使用空域將會讓空中交通更為順暢,因此本論文也特別對空域容量進行分析。
The sharing of airspace by both manned aircraft and unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) has been an issue for decades. In recent years the fast growth of civil UAV activities has led to the concern for their threat to aviation safety. Hence, it is becoming more important to establish regulations for UAV operation. The aviation regulations must prescribe not only the required performance and equipment of UAVs, but also the allowable airspace for UAV activities.
Regarding the airspace monopolized by manned aircraft in Taiwan, this thesis is intended to focus on the study of the allowable airspace demarcated by safety issues. For this reason, parameters involved will cover Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF), terrain controlled airspace and restricted airspace. Analyzing the capacity in limited airspace is also included from efficiency and effectiveness aspects.
中文摘要 III
ABSTRACT IV
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT V
CONTENTS VI
LIST OF TABLES VII
LIST OF FIGURES VIII
NOMENCLATURES X
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 INTRODUCTION OF UAV 1
1.2 MOTIVATION & OBJECTIVE 2
1.3 LITERATURE REVIEW 3
1.4 THESIS OUTLINE 6
CHAPTER 2 EXISTING USAGE OF AIRSPACE IN TAIWAN 8
2.1 AIRSPACE 8
2.2 AIR ROUTE 12
CHAPTER 3 ALLOWABLE AIRSPACE 13
3.1 ANALYSIS OF ALLOWABLE AIRSPACE OF UAVS BASED ON MTBF OF TAIWAN’S TOWNSHIPS 13
3.3.1 Method 13
3.1.2 Model Application 16
3.1.3 Results Obtained 17
3.2 GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES, RESTRICTED AND CONTROLLED AIRSPACE 20
3.3 SAFETY SCALE 34
CHAPTER 4 FLOW ANALYSIS 38
4.1 METHOD 38
4.2 MODEL APPLICATION 41
4.3 COMPARISON WITH REALITY 44
4.4 DISCUSSION 47
CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION 49
5.1 CONCLUDING REMARKS 49
5.2 FUTURE WORKS 50
REFERENCES 52
APPENDIX 53
VITA 63
1.Graham W. and Orr.R. “Mid-air collisions.” 1969 IEEE Euscon Cow. Rec.. p. 88
2.Alexander, B.” Aircraft density and midair collision” Proceedings of the IEEE Vol. 58, No. 3. March, 1970, pp. 377-381.
3.Weibel, R. E. and Hansman, R. J.,” Safety Considerations for Operation of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in the National Airspace System,” Master Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, U.S., 2006.
4.McGeer, T. Aerosonde Hazard Estimation, The Insitu Group, 1994.
5.“Aeronautical Information Publication, Taipei Flight Information Region,” CAA of Taiwan, 2007.
6.Clothier, R. A., Walker, Rodney A., Fulton, N. and Campbell, D. A., “ A Casualty Risk Analysis For Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) Operations Over Inhabited Areas,” In Proceedings AIAC12 – Twelfth Australian International Aerospace Congress, 2nd Australasian Unmanned Air Vehicles Conference, Melbourne, 2007.
7.“System Safety Handbook.” Federal Aviation Administration. December 30, 2000.
8.“Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Reliability Study,” Office of the Secretary of Defense, February 2003.
9.U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, United States Standard for Terminal Instrument Procedures (TERPS), 8260.3B, May 2002, U.S.
10.Neil A. H. Campbell “The Use of Enhanced Ground Proximity Warning System (EGPWS) Data for Aviation Safety Investigation” Presented at the Presented at the ANZSASI Conference 2005.
11.“Air Traffic Management Procedure” Civil Aeronautics Administration Air Force Command Headquarters, April 16, 2008.
12.Ultralight Vehicle Regulation in Taiwan
http://www.caa.gov.tw/en/content/index.asp?sno=174
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