跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(34.204.180.223) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/08/03 22:58
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:陳婷甄
研究生(外文):Ting-Chen Chen
論文名稱:超輕航電的地面防撞系統
論文名稱(外文):Ground Proximity Warning System for Ultra Light Aircraft
指導教授:林清一林清一引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chin-E. Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:航空太空工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:英文
論文頁數:82
中文關鍵詞:電子儀表電子地圖防撞系統輕航機
外文關鍵詞:EFISGPWSE-mapULA
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:91
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
超輕運動飛行在政策支持下,無需認證的超輕型飛行載具將快速投入市場,如何提供低空飛行超輕飛機的安全性能,防撞系統能力必須加以重視。本計畫希望在數位航電系統(Electronic Flight Instrument System, EFIS)的發展架構中,使用GPRS行動數據當作主要的通訊系統,能夠傳送飛機上GPS所接受到的資料給地面上的管制中心,而管制中心同樣由GPRS與RDS傳送附近空域其他的飛機的資料給每架輕航機的飛控電腦,藉由這些資料提供防撞的功能。
根據民航局公告超輕型載具合法空域,本論文將這些空域整理及規劃,標示附近空域高於規定飛行高度的山區,建立數據資料庫,顯示在飛行儀表的電子地圖上。防撞軟體則以線性規劃的直線方程式與橢圓方程式建立邊界或危險區,讓即時的飛機位置與這些限制條件比對,如有進入危險的地區即提出警告,達到簡單有效的防撞功能。
Ultra light flight has been officially approved to use certification-free air vehicle into the flying market. However, how to provide low altitude flights with better safety performance, collision avoidance system must be taken into serious consideration. In the developing project on electronic flight instrument system (EFIS), GPRS is chosen to carry data communication to downlink GPS data to ground surveillance server. The collect aircraft data are then broadcast and uplink to the flying aircrafts for awareness of other aircrafts.
According to CAA published legal airspace, this thesis tries to reconstruct and plan the airspace territory into terrain obstacle altitude marks in airspace boundaries into database. GPWS software adopts linear programming to formulate linear equation and ellipse equation to represent boundary or terrain. By real time constraint comparison from aircraft extrapolation line, any interpolations can be regarded as conflicts to the aircraft. Alert can then be generated to the pilot and the ground ATC. This function easily accomplishes the collision avoidance capability for ultra light operation in low altitude.
CONTENTS
ABSTRACT i
CHINESE ABSTRACT ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iii
CONTENTS iv
LIST OF FIGURES vii
LIST OF TABLE ix
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Motivation 1
1.2 Main Idea 1
1.3 Literature Survey 7
1.4 Thesis Outline 8
CHAPTER II PROBLEM BACKGROUND 9
2.1 Overview about GPWS 9
2.1.1 Excessive Descent Rate 11
2.1.2 Excessive Terrain Closure Rate 12
2.1.3 Altitude Loss after Take off 14
2.1.4 Unsafe Terrain Clearance 15
2.1.5 Excessive Deviation below Glideslope 16
2.2 Geographic Information System 20
2.3 Characteristic of Ultra Light Aircraft 22
CHAPTER III THEORETICAL SUPPORTS 25
3.1 Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast 26
3.2 System Architecture 27
3.3 Theory to Adopt 28
3.3.1 Linear Programming 29
3.3.2 Barriers Caution 31
3.4 Data Form 33
3.5 Program Flow Chart 34
CHAPTER IV SYSTEM MODELING AND DATABASE CONSTRUCTION 38
4.1 Overview 38
4.2 Display Interface 38
4.3 Database Arrangement 39
4.4 Airspace Scheme 42
4.4.1 Cross-country Flight Route 43
4.4.2 Dapeng Bay(大鵬灣) 45
4.4.3 Bulau Hot Spring (不老溫泉) and Saijia (賽嘉) 46
4.4.4 Midland of Taiwan Airspace 48
4.4.5 Miauli (苗栗) 50
4.4.6 Ganyuan (柑園) and Dachi (大溪) 52
4.4.7 Rueifang (瑞芳) 53
4.4.8 Yilan(宜蘭) and Lanyang River(蘭陽溪) 54
4.4.9 Hualian (花蓮) and Taidung (台東) 55
4.5 Flight Planning and ATC Performance 57
CHAPTER V GPWS CONFLICT SIMULATION 58
5.1 Program Simulation 58
5.1.1 Zigzag Flight Path 59
5.1.2 Straight-Line Flight Path 59
5.1.3 Simulation Data Generation 60
5.2 Simulation Result 61
5.3 GPWS on EFIS 64
CHAPTER VI CONCLUSION 66
6.1 Conclusion 66
REFERENCES 68
[1].R. J. Muynck and R. Khatwa, “Flight Simulator Evaluation of the safety benefits of Terrain Awareness and Warning Systems,” AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference and Exhibit, AIAA 99-3965, Portland, Borlaug, September 11, 1999.
[2].J. K. Kuchar, “Markov Model of Terrain for Evaluation of Ground Proximity Warning System Thresholds,” AIAA Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, Vol. 24, No. 3, May-June, 2001.
[3].J. Baldwin, R. Cassell and A. Smith, “GPS-Based Terrain Avoidance Systems - A Solution for General Aviation Controlled Flight into Terrain,” the National Technical Meeting, Institute of Navigation, Jan 18-20 1995, Anaheim, CA, USA, Navigating the 90's: Technology, Applications, and Policy, 1995, pp. 413-417.
[4].B. C. Breen, “Controlled Flight Into Terrain and the enhanced Ground Proximity Warning System,” IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, Vol. 14, No. 1, January 1999, pp. 19-24.
[5].M. A. Sturza, “GPS Ground Proximity Warning System,” Institute of Navigation, Proceedings of the National Technical Meeting, 1987, Anaheim, CA, USA, Inst of Navigation 1987, pp. 161-163.
[6].Ground proximity warning system - Wikipedia, from web:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPWS.
[7].P. Bolstad, “GIS Fundamentals: A first text on Geographic Information Systems, Second Edition,” White Bear Lake, MN: Eider Press, 2005, pp. 543.
[8].T. C. He, G. M. Liu, J. F. Duan, J. Cheng, Q. Xu, “The development of portable vacuometer, atmospheric pressure altimeter and standard-sphymomanometer,” International Conference on Sensor Technology (ISTC 2001), Oct 10-12 2001, Wuhan, China, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 4414, 2001, pp. 288-291.
[9].N. Priestley, “Terrain referenced navigation,” IEEE PLANS '90 - Position Location and Navigation Symposium, Mar 20-23 1990, Las Vegas, NV, USA, IEEE PLANS, Position Location and Navigation Symposium, 1990, pp. 482-489.
[10].O. Lagarhus, “Ground-proximity warnings. Why do we need them? How can we avoid them? How do we train to survive the real ones?” Flight Safety Foundation 45th Annual International Air Safety Seminar and The International Federation of Airworthiness 22nd International Conference, Nov 2-5 1992, Long Beach, CA, USA, International Air Safety Seminar Proceedings, Safety & Technology - Harmony, 1992, pp. 45-58.
[11].J. R. Combley, “Ground Proximity Warning System Testing,” Soc of Flight Test Eng, 6th Annual Symposium, Proceedings, August 13-16, 1975, St Louis, USA, 1975, pp. 159-178.
[12].C. E. Lin, “Impact of CNS/ATM to Aviation system,” Civil Aviation Journal, Vol. 3, No. 4, December 2001, pp. 29-41.
[13].R. Holdsworth, J. Lambert, N. Harle, “Inflight path planning - Replacing pure collision avoidance, using ADS-B,” IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine , Vol. 16, No. 2, February 2001, pp. 27-32.
[14].J. D. Powell, C. Jennings, W. Holforty, “Use of ADS-B and perspective displays to enhance airport capacity,” 24th Digital Avionics Systems Conference, Oct 30-Nov 3 2005, Washington, DC, United States, AIAA/IEEE Digital Avionics Systems Conference - Proceedings, Vol. 1, 2005.
[15].G. A. French, T. Schnell, “Terrain awareness and pathway guidance for head-up displays; a simulator study of pilot performance,” The 22nd Digital Avionics Systems Conference - Proceedings, October 12-16 2003, Indianapolis, IN, United States, AIAA/IEEE Digital Avionics Systems Conference - Proceedings, Vol. 2, 2003, p. 9. C. 4/1- 9. C. 4/7.
[16].Civil Aeronautics Administration M.O.T.C of R.O.C, “Table of Longitude and Latitude of Airfields for Ultra Light Aircrafts in Taiwan,” Civil Aeronautics Administration M.O.T.C of R.O.C, November 2007.
[17].簡良益、蔡長欣,「PaPaGO!SDK GIS系統建置理論與實務」,研勤科技,2004
[18].王國榮,「Visual Basic 6.0 資料庫程式設計」,旗標出版社,1999。
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top