跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(34.204.180.223) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/08/05 22:56
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:陳韻旻
研究生(外文):Yun-Min Chen
論文名稱:時間偏好異質下,財政政策的經濟成長與所得分配效果
論文名稱(外文):Growth and Inequality Effects of Fiscal Policies with Heterogeneous Quasi-Geometric Discounting
指導教授:王富美王富美引用關係
指導教授(外文):Fuhmei Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:經濟學系碩博士班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:英文
論文頁數:53
中文關鍵詞:所得不均經濟成長時間不一致異質性
外文關鍵詞:economic growthincome inequalityheterogeneitytime inconsistency
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:358
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:121
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
在加入異質性個人與時間偏好不一致的假設下,本論文試圖探討財政政策是否得以提高經濟成長與改善所得分配不均。本文採取Gini係數衡量所得分配不均的現象,建構出一新古典成長模型,並考慮以上兩項假設,重新思考與檢視是否政府應採取自由放任之政策,亦或是利用財政政策加以干預。本研究透過理論與刻劃的分析證明出有效折現因子並無法受到財政工具所影響,在自由放任的政策之下,該社會的經濟成長率較高;相較之下,財政政策卻帶來了扭曲。然而,若政府採取適當之財政政策,對占社會少數之富人課稅,同時對社會多數之窮人補貼,則可達到所得重分配之效果,進而緩和貧富不均之現象。
The paper investigates how fiscal policies affect economic growth and income inequality in an economy populated by heterogeneous agents with quasi-geometric discounting factor. Incorporating these assumptions pertaining to time preferences, this research aims to examine whether the invisible hand works or whether government’s regulation is preferable to laissez-faire fiscal policy in a two-sector neoclassical growth model. Theoretical and calibration results indicate that government’s fiscal instruments cannot vary agents’ effective discount factors. A laissez-faire fiscal policy is associated with faster economic growth. Redistributive intervention policies lead to distortions in agents’ saving decisions. However, the policy of subsidizing the majority who are relatively poor along with taxing wealthy agents can mitigate income discrepancy between them.
1. Introduction... ..1
2. Literature Review.....5
3. The Model.....10
3.1. The Private Sector.....10
3.2. The Government.....11
3.3. Production Technology.....12
4. Optimality and Equilibrium at Steady State.....13
5. The Impacts of Policies on Growth Rate.....17
6. Calibration.....27
6.1. Parameters Values..... 27
6.2. Growth Rate under Different Fiscal Schemes.....30
6.3. Income Inequality under Different Fiscal Schemes.....33
7. Empirical Evidence and Stylized Facts.....36
8. Conclusion..... 43
8.1. Summary.....43
8.2. Discussion.....43
8.3. Extension.....44
9. References..... 46
10. Appendices.....49
Appendix A.....49
Appendix B.....50
Appendix C.....51
Appendix D.....52
1. Alesina, A., and R. Perotti. “Fiscal Expansions and Adjustments in OECD Countries,” Economic Adjustment, 10, 207-248, 1995.
2. Alonso-Carrera, J. “The Subsidy to Human Capital Accumulation in an Endogenous Growth Model: A Comparative Dynamic Analysis,” Journal of Macroeconomics, 22, 409-431, 2000.
3. Becker, R. “On the Long-Run Steady State in a Simple Dynamic Model of Equilibrium with Heterogeneous Households,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 95, 375-382, 1980.
4. B�聲abou, R. “Tax and Education Policy in a Heterogeneous-Agent Economy: What Levels of Redistribution Maximize Growth and Efficiency?,” Econometrica, 70, 481-517, 2002.
5. Blankenau, W., and N. B. Simpson. “Public Education Expenditures and Growth,” Journal of Development Economics, 73, 583-605, 2003.
6. Campbell, J. Y. “Inspecting the Mechanism: An Analytical Approach to the Stochastic Growth Model,” Journal of Monetary Economics, 33, 463-506, 1994.
7. Cass, D. “Optimum Growth in an Aggregate Models of Capital Accumulation,” Review of Economic Studies, 32, 233-240, 1965.
8. Cassou, S., and K. J. Lansing. “Fiscal Policy and Productivity Growth in the OECD,” Canadian Journal of Economics, 32, 1215-1226, 1999.
9. Chen, B. L., H. J. Chen, and P. Wang. “Public Policy and Human Capital Accumulation in an Endogenously Growing Economy with Labor-Market Frictions,” The 2007 Conference of Economic Growth Theory, Soochow University, Taipei, Taiwan, June, 2006.
10. Deininger, K., and L. Squire. “A New Data Set Measuring Income Inequality,” The World Bank Economic Review, 10, 565-591, 1996.
11. Dorwick, S., and D. T. Ngoyen. “OECD Comparative Economic Growth: 1950-85: Catch-Up and Converge,” American Economic Review, 79, 1010-1030, 1989.
12. Fair, D., and C. de Boissieu. Fiscal Policy, Taxation and the Financial System in an Increasingly Integrated Europe, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands, 69-104, 1992.
13. Farina, F., and E. Savaglio. Inequality and Economic Integration, Routledge, London and New York, 35-62, 2006.
14. Feldstein, M. “The Welfares Cost of Capital Income Taxation,” Journal of Political Economy, 86, S29-S51, 1978.
15. F�宁ster, M., and M. M. d’Ercole. “Income Distribution and Poverty in OECD Countries in the Second Half of the 1990s,” OECD Social, Employment, and Migration Working Papers, 22, 1-79, 2005.
16. Ghiglino, C. “Wealth Inequality and Dynamic Stability,” Journal of Economic Theory, 124, 106-115, 2005.
17. Gollier, C., and R. Zeckhauser. “Aggregation of Heterogeneous Time Preference,” Journal of Political Economy, 113, 878-896, 2005.
18. Harris, C., and D. Laibson. “Dynamic Choices of Hyperbolic Consumers,” Econometrica, 69, 935-957, 2001.
19. King, R. G.., C. I. Plosser, and S. T. Rebelo. “Production, Growth and Business Cycles: Technical Appendix,” Computational Economics, 20, 87-116, 2002.
20. Krusell, P., B. Kurus�徂, and A. A. Smith. “Equilibrium Welfare and Government Policy with Quasi-Geometric Discounting,” Journal of Economic Theory, 105, 42-72, 2002.
21. Krusell, P., and A. A. Smith. “Consumption-savings Decisions with Quasi-Geometric Discounting,” CEPR, Discussion Paper No. 2651, 2000.
22. Laibson, D. “Golden Eggs and Hyperbolic Discounting,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112(2), 443-477, 1997.
23. Maliar, L., and S. Maliar. “Solving the Neoclassical Growth Model with Quasi-geometric Discounting: A Grid-based Euler-equation Method,” Computational Economics, 26, 163-172, 2005.
24. Maliar, L., and S. Maliar. “The Neoclassical Growth Model with Heterogeneous Quasi-Geometric Consumers,” Journal of Money, Credit, and Banking, 38, 635-654, 2006.
25. Maliar, L., and S. Maliar. “Short-Run Patience and Wealth Inequality,” Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, 11, Issue 1, 2007.
26. Milesi-Ferretti, G. M., and N. Roubini. “On the Taxation of Human Capital and Physical Capital in Models of Endogenous Growth,” Journal of Public Economic, 70, 237-254, 1998a.
27. Milesi-Ferretti, G. M., and N. Roubini. “Growth Effects of Income and Consumption Taxes,” Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 30, 721-744, 1998b.
28. Musgrave, R. “Growth with Equity,” American Economic Review, 53, 323-333, 1963.
29. Reyes-Garc�朦, V., R. Godoy, T. Huanca, W. R. Leonard, T. McDade, S. Tanner, and V. Vadez. “The Origins of Monetary Income Inequality Patience, Human Capital, and Division of Labor,” Evolution and Human Behavior, 28, 37-47, 2007.
30. Trostel, P. “The Effects of Taxation on Human Capital,” Journal of Political Economy, 101, 327-350, 1993.
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊