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研究生:巫佳錄
研究生(外文):Chia-lu Wu
論文名稱:利用搜尋結果片斷建構階層式使用者搜尋目的以改善網路搜尋效能
論文名稱(外文):Construct Hierarchical User Search Goals by Using Search Result Snippets to Improve Web Search Performance
指導教授:盧文祥盧文祥引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wen-Hsiang Lu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:71
中文關鍵詞:支援項量機使用者搜尋目的多重分類網路搜尋語義相似度
外文關鍵詞:Support Verctor MachinesUser Search GoalsSemantic SimilarityWeb SearchMulti-class Classification
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網際網路的發明帶給人類許多便利性,但是,目前網際網路上的資料愈來愈豐富,使用者在利用搜尋引擎工具查尋資料時,由於在習慣上使用者所給定之查詢詞通常不會超過三個詞,導致搜尋引擎所傳回的搜尋結果snippets數量過多,使用者通常無法一一瀏覽,而我們認為使用者在傳送查詢詞到搜尋引擎時,其實心中會隱含一個潛在搜尋目的,且此搜尋目的可分為resource-seeking、informational及navigational這三種類型,於是在本論文中,我們從Google搜尋引擎所傳回的搜尋結果snippets中,擷取出符合使用者搜尋目的之文字標籤,並呈現給使用者,以加速使用者的搜尋效能。
在過程中,本論文採用目前對於分類方法公認最有效的技術SVM來對snippet進行分類處理,並從各分類snippet中自動偵測出符合使用者搜尋目的之文字標籤及改進其語義關聯性,使得語義關聯性較高之使用者搜尋目的可以獲得較高排名值,且利用本論文所提出的“Hierarchical User Search Goal Model”對各分類之使用者搜尋目的做更細緻及全面化分類處理,最後,再利用本論文所提出的“User-Search-Goal-Based Search Model (USGBSM)”來改善搜尋效能。
本論文最大的貢獻在於,將三類使用者搜尋目的做更細緻及全面化的分類處理,並且在搜尋過程中,引入了查詢詞、使用者搜尋目的及其分類等因素,使得與使用者搜尋目的較相關的搜尋結果snippet可以獲得較佳的排名值,如此,使用者可以更快找到欲點選的搜尋結果snippet,進而提升搜尋效能。
The invention of the Internet brings much convenience for human community. There are more and more useful and divers data on the web. However the length of submitted queries by users are usually no more than 3 words, so that a lot of search result snippets returned by search engines cause users to spend much time in browsing them one by one. In fact, we consider that users will have potential search goals in their mind when they submit queries to search engines, and there are three classes of user search goals, including resource-seeking, informational, and navigational. In this paper, we extract text labels that matched the user search goal from search result snippets returned by Google, and expect to enhance search performance.
We use the most popular techniques SVM to deal with the classification of snippet, and detect text labels which matched user search goals and semantic relevance which improved search goals automatically from each class of snippets, so that the user search goals with higher semantic relevance can get higher ranking, and classifies each type of user search goals in depth by our proposed Hierarchical User Search Goal Model. Finally, we improve search performance by proposing a User-Search-Goal-Base Search Model (USGBSM).
The major contribution of this paper is that we further classifies three classes of user search goals in depth based on some new factors like query term, user search goal to enhance search performance thus users can find the snippet that they want to click more quickly.
摘要 iv
Abstract vi
誌謝 viii
目錄 ix
圖目錄 xi
表目錄 xii
第1章 導論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 問題描述 2
1.3 論文組織 4
第2章 相關文獻及研究 5
2.1 改善網路搜尋效能 5
2.1.1 鏈結結構演算法 5
2.1.2 個人化網路搜尋 5
2.1.3 搜尋結果叢集化 6
2.1.4 利用anchor text資訊 6
2.2 User Search Goal相關研究 7
2.2.1 User Search Goal分類 7
2.2.2 偵測User Search Goal方法 7
2.3 改善詞配對語義關聯性 9
2.3.1 使用網路搜尋引擎 9
2.3.2 使用分類知識 10
第3章 研究方法 11
3.1 觀察與想法 11
3.1.1 搜尋結果片斷分類問題 11
3.1.2 User Search Goal Diversity觀察 11
3.1.3 User Search Goal語義適合度觀察 14
3.1.4 改善搜尋效能之想法 15
3.2 搜尋結果片斷分類 16
3.2.1 分類機制 16
3.2.2 Feature選擇 17
3.3 Hierarchical User Search Goal Model 21
3.3.1 Category-Based User Search Goal Model 22
3.3.2 Identification of Resource-seeking Search Goal 22
3.3.3 Identification of Informational Search Goal 25
3.3.4 Identification of Navigational Search Goal 27
3.3.5 Domain-Based Search Goal Validation Model 28
3.4 Subcategory-Based User Search Goal Model 29
3.4.1 Resource-seeking Search Goal分類 29
3.4.2 Informational Search Goal分類 34
3.4.3 Navigational Search Goal分類 35
3.5 User-Search-Goal-Based Search Model 37
3.5.1 Category Model 38
3.5.2 Search Model 39
第4章 實驗 43
4.1 實驗資料集 43
4.2 搜尋結果片斷分類效能 43
4.3 User Search Goal適合度 53
4.4 User Search Goal分類效能 57
4.5 評估搜尋效能 60
4.6 系統介紹 63
第5章 結論與未來研究方向 65
5.1 結論 65
5.2 未來研究方向 66
參考文獻 67
附錄 70
訓練資料集之高頻查詢詞 70
測試資料集之高頻查詢詞 71
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