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研究生:龐景云
研究生(外文):Ching-Yun Pang
論文名稱:學術研究成果之比較分析研究-以資訊科學領域為例
論文名稱(外文):A Comparative Analysis of Academic Research Performance in the Field of Computer Science
指導教授:王惠嘉王惠嘉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hei-Chia Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:資訊管理研究所
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:82
中文關鍵詞:科學計量分析書目計量分析趨勢分析
外文關鍵詞:Scientometric AnalysisBibliometric AnalysisResearch Patterns
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隨著各國對國家競爭力的重視,高等學術研究成果被視為反應國力的指標,因此,各國對高等教育都相繼投入大量資源以提昇高等學術研究成果。高等教育學者在獲得資源後如何進行領域研究或應與何國學者合作,可藉由一國在某領域下的學術研究是否活躍、是否佔有領導性地位、針對該領域有無特殊合作模式、該領域目前研究趨勢為何來了解。要達此目標,就必須透過科學計量分析(Scientometric Analysis)或書目科學分析(Bibliometric Analysis)。科學計量分析(或書目計量分析)是利用文獻出版品來討論觀察對象的研究成果表現,其可觀察特定學科之研究表現,也可比較一國的科學研究生產力。
近年台灣致力於提升全球競爭力,無論是從學術研究、資訊、醫學、或其他產業,但是要與世界競爭,就必須先了解自己在全球上的表現,以他國為比較對象,才能得知自己的競爭優勢與不足之處,提供學者在研究方向及合作目標上之參考。有鑒於此,本研究利用科學計量和書目計量分析,從縱向(各國數年來在某一學科領域之發展)和橫向(時間軸以近五年為例)角度來探討一國之學術研究表現及趨勢,並了解該國在特定領域中與他國之學科研究表現差異,本研究將以資訊科學領域為例,並用界面化方式呈現,探討台灣與各國在該領域之學術成果與研究趨勢,期以作為學者研究之參考指標。
針對文獻產量、合作特性、熱門議題討論和文獻影響力等學術研究成果特徵,本研究蒐集歷年評估指標並針對現有指標不足處,新增指標以建構一國家學術研究分析方法。研究發現,生產力多的國家並不代表影響力就強大,台灣雖然產量少,但影響力不輸一些產量豐碩的國家,本研究建議台灣可增加跨領域應用,並多嘗試國際性合作,以提升台灣在資訊科學領域之競爭力。
As the research performance in academia is treated as one of indices for national competency, countries pay much attention to involve and put more resource to increase research performance. How to do the researches after scholars attain resources, to understand scientific publication status within specific field, we must observe from many aspects. For example, whether the country plays a leadership role in academia? Is there a special collaboration pattern in publications? What are popular research subjects recently? Such topics attract lots of scholars’ attentions. Scientometric Analysis and Bibliometric Analysis are therefore proposed for these purposes. Scientometrics and Bibliometrics are analysis for scientific production evaluation; it can also compare a country’s scientific research outputs.
Taiwan’s government is devoting to raise global competency in recent years from academic research, information, medical and many other industries. To compete with other prominent countries, we should consider our performance first. We take other countries as targets and compare with them through several indexes, thus we can know our strength and weakness reveal. This research focuses on the performance differentiation among Taiwan and other countries in the field of computer science. We’ll firstly state the development in computer science in Taiwan in recent five years, and then discuss the research trends among Taiwan, Asian countries and prominent countries represented as Group of Eight (G8). After all kinds of indices calculated, the evaluation will be presented through a system interface, so users can make a query and get the information they’re interested in.
Our research used different indices to analysis scientific publication, for example, publication quantity, collaboration patterns, popular subjects and research quality, to realize academic performance. To construct an integrated study for countries’ research performance evaluation, we created novel indexes to accomplish previous indexes. Our research found that, countries with large production are seldom equal to those who have strong impact in the research field. Taiwan, although with less production, have stronger impact compared to other countries. Our research suggested that Taiwan’s scholars can pay more attention in the application of cross discipline and try more collaboration with other countries, in order to increase the competency for Taiwan in computer science.
1. 緒論 1
1.1. 研究背景與動機 2
1.2. 研究目的 3
1.3. 研究流程 4
1.4. 研究範圍與限制 5
1.5. 論文架構 6
2. 文獻探討 7
2.1. 資訊計量分析 7
2.1.1. 發展緣由及定義 7
2.1.2. 應用範圍 8
2.2. 書目計量分析 9
2.2.1. 發展緣由及定義 9
2.2.2. 應用範圍 10
2.3. 科學計量分析 11
2.3.1. 發展緣由及定義 11
2.3.2. 應用範圍 13
2.4. 指標介紹 13
2.4.1. 生產力分析指標 13
2.4.2. 合作性分析指標 15
2.4.3. 文獻影響力分析指標 17
2.5. 小結 22
3. 研究方法 23
3.1. 研究架構 23
3.2. 文獻擷取模組 24
3.3. 指標計算模組 25
3.3.1. 生產力統計分析 25
3.3.2. 合作性分析 28
3.3.3. 熱門議題分析 31
3.3.4. 文獻影響力分析 32
3.4. 文獻分析模組 34
3.5. 小結 35
4. 系統實作與趨勢分析比較 36
4.1. 研究架構 36
4.2. 資料來源 37
4.2.1. 觀察對象 38
4.2.2. 觀察領域 38
4.3. 觀察結果與分析 40
4.3.1. 生產力分析與比較 40
4.3.2. 合作性分析與比較 44
4.3.3. 熱門議題分析與比較 51
4.3.4. 影響力分析與比較 55
4.4. 介面範例 59
4.5. 小結 60
5. 結論 61
5.1. 研究成果 61
5.2. 未來研究方向 64
參考文獻 66
附錄一 72
附錄二 78
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網站文獻
World Economic and Financial Surveys
http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2007/02/weodata/index.aspx
95 與94 學年度大學校院系所學生人數排名比較
http://www.edu.tw/EDU_WEB/EDU_MGT/STATISTICS/EDU7220001/user1/95cso2
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95 學年度大學校院系所學生人數排名
http://www.edu.tw/EDU_WEB/EDU_MGT/STATISTICS/
EDU7220001/user1/95cso1
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教育部統計處, 大專院校概況統計 (2007)
http://www.edu.tw/EDU_WEB/EDU_MGT/STATISTICS/
EDU7220001/data/serial/u.
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