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研究生:尹耀慶
研究生(外文):Yao-Ching Yin
論文名稱:實功控制策略應用於雙饋式風機與風電廠
論文名稱(外文):Strategies of Real Power Control for DFIG Wind Turbines and Wind Farms
指導教授:張簡樂仁
指導教授(外文):Le-Ren Chang-Chien
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:107
中文關鍵詞:風力發電饋式風機平穩實功輸出備轉容量
外文關鍵詞:doubly-fed induction generatorwind energyprimary reservereal power smoothing
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就風力發電發展趨勢而言,風力發電容量將會越來越高,然而風電輸出實功的波動會造成電力系統頻率變動,甚至引起不必要的誤動作,特別是小型獨立系統;為了使電力系統於安全及穩定下運轉,本文提出使雙饋式風機與風力發電廠具有平穩之實功輸出且兼具穩定運轉的架構,在單部雙饋式風機控制上採用定功率控制以達到平穩實功輸出;以改良型線性斜率控制使風機於低風速下保持穩定運轉。在風電廠控制上採用平均取樣功率與移動平均功率以平穩實功輸出。經由模擬驗證,顯示本文提出之控制架構能有效改善風能波動的情況。本論文另提出藉由風機降載操作模式產生功率餘裕的作法,以利大型風力發電廠設置初級備轉容量,對系統調度有新的選擇以因應偶發事故。
In the trend of wind power development, the capacity of wind energy is getting higher and higher. The fluctuation of output power from wind generators could cause frequency disturbance, which may lead to the unnecessary malfunctions especially in the small-scale isolated system. This thesis presents the strategies of smoothing real power output for the doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) and the DFIG wind farms. In the control of the DFIG wind turbine, this thesis proposes the modified linear slope control and constant power control to achieve both stable and smooth real power operation. While in the real power control of the DFIG wind farm, this thesis applies the periodical average method and the moving average method to achieve smoothing effect. Simulation results validate the effectiveness of the proposed methods in real power smoothing control. In addition, this thesis also proposes the concept of using the de-load operation for the DFIGs to provide reserve margin, and which could be gainfully used to provide primary reserve by a large scale wind farm. The wind farm reserve will be a new selection ready for system contingency.
摘 要 I
英文摘要 II
誌 謝 IV
目 錄 V
表 目 錄 IX
圖 目 錄 X
符號索引 XV
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 文獻回顧 1
1.3 本研究之貢獻 2
1.4 本文架構 3
第二章 傳統風電廠輸出實功對獨立系統之影響 5
2.1 前言 5
2.2電力系統之輔助服務 5
2.2.1 輔助服務之介紹 5
2.2.2應用系統控制誤差於電力輔助服務 6
2.3 傳統風電廠輸出實功之系統控制誤差測試 11
2.4 本章討論 14
第三章 介紹單部風機之實功平穩控制 15
3.1 前言 15
3.2 風機實功控制之概述 15
3.3實功平穩輸出模式之建構 17
3.4改良型線性斜率控制模式之建構 22
3.5 旋角控制模式之建構 26
3.6 單部風機實功平穩控制之模擬測試 31
3.7 本章討論 33
第四章 實功平穩控制應用於風電廠 34
4.1 前言 34
4.2 風電廠實功平穩控制之概述 34
4.3 風電廠功率命令系統之建構 36
4.3.1 最大功率估測區塊 36
4.3.2 功率取樣區塊 38
4.3.3 風速取樣區塊 40
4.3.4 權重計算區塊 41
4.3.5 功率分配區塊 45
4.4 風電廠實功平穩控制之模擬測試 48
4.4.1 平均取樣功率搭配權重計算模擬測試 49
4.4.1.1 令k值為1 49
4.4.1.3 使用模糊邏輯控制器決定k值 56
4.4.2 移動平均功率搭配權重計算模擬測試 60
4.4.2.1 令k值為1 60
4.4.2.2 使用權重表決定k值 63
4.4.2.3 使用模糊邏輯控制器決定k值 66
4.5 本章討論 70
第五章 風電廠備轉容量之設置 72
5.1前言 72
5.2電力系統備轉容量之概述 72
5.3風電廠備轉容量設置之建構 74
5.3.1備轉容量設置用於一次控制 75
5.3.2風機備轉容量之配置 76
5.3.3風電廠備轉容量設置之模擬測試 81
5.4本章討論 86
第六章 結論與未來研究方向 87
6.1 結論 87
6.2 未來研究方向 88
參考文獻 89
附 錄 97
A1. 平均取樣功率搭配權重計算模擬測試 97
A1.1 令k值為1之各風機運轉結果 97
A1.2 使用權重表決定k值之各風機運轉結果 98
A1.3 使用模糊邏輯控制器決定k值之各風機運轉結果 99
A2. 移動平均功率搭配權重計算模擬測試 100
A2.1 令k值為1之各風機運轉結果 100
A2.2 使用權重表決定k值之各風機運轉結果 101
A2.3 使用模糊邏輯控制器決定k值之各風機運轉結果 102
B. 風電廠備轉容量設置之模擬測試 104
B.1 各風機之權重比例配置結果 104
B.2 各風機之模糊邏輯控制器配置結果 105
作者簡介 106
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