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研究生:吳季剛
研究生(外文):Gee-gung Wu
論文名稱:拳擊出拳動作的肢段動力學分析
論文名稱(外文):Intersegmental Dynamics of Boxing Punch
指導教授:張志涵張志涵引用關係徐阿田徐阿田引用關係
指導教授(外文):C.H. ChangA.T. Hsu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:醫學工程研究所碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:綜合工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:58
中文關鍵詞:動力學生物力學拳擊拳力
外文關鍵詞:biomechanicsdynamicspunch forceboxing
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:6
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摘要
06年任天堂公司推出Wii這種革命性之遊戲概念,包含拳擊遊戲在內的Wii Sport在全球創下千萬套銷售量,然其遊戲設計與運算上不能估計拳重、且其在拳種的判定上還相當粗糙。因此有必要觀察出拳之生物力學表現與出拳拳重之相互關係,以輔助其做拳重與拳種之判定。
以VICON 460動作截取系統與兩塊AMTI OR6-5-1000以及一顆AMTI MC6-6-2000之荷重元記錄於台南市拳擊委員會等處受訓之九位程度不等之拳擊選手做刺拳以及主直拳之出拳動作、拳力與地面反力。
結果顯示全體而論,刺拳拳力與肩關節速度(0.852)、手掌加速度(0.544)、肘關節加速度(0.702)有相當之正相關性,而主直拳則與手掌(0.764)、肘(0.672)、肩(0.650)關節速度有正相關。而資深組之刺拳拳力則與肩關節速度有最高之相關性(0.933),而與手掌(0.632)、肘(0.655)、肩(0.636)關節加速度有正相關;主直拳拳力則與手掌速度(0.810)、髖關節加速度(0.840)有最高相關性。資淺組在刺拳的肩關節速度(0.796)、手掌加速度(0.776)、肘關節加速度(0.889)有正相關,且主直拳的肘(0.748)、肩關節速度(0.769)以及手掌(0.743)、髖關節加速度(0.750)皆有正相關性。而動力學模型顯示出拳擊中目標之反力會在腕、肘關節造成相當之力矩,但資深組能有效將其分散至不同軸向。同時顯示資淺組之主直拳肩關節在水平外展方向之出力顯著小於刺拳(p<0.05)。
ABSTRACT
The Nitendo published the wii on 2006. Wii was revolutionary game. The wii sports had sold almost 20 million set on the world. Nevertheless, the game can’t calculate the punch force and judge motion rough. Therefore, we need to observe the connection between the biomechanical parameter and the punch force.
The study used the VICON 460 motion caption system and a AMTI MC6-6-2000 load cell to measure the punch motion and punch force. The nine subject was well training from Tainan boxing association.
Result showed the punch force of jab was had positive correlation with the shoulder joint velocity(0.852),hand acceleration(0.544)and elbow acceleration(0.702). And the straight had positive correlation with velocity of hand(0.764)elbow(0.672)and shoulder(0.650). The jab punch force of senior group had the greatest positive correlation with shoulder joint velocity(0.933), and the senior group straight punch force had positive correlation with hand velocity(0.810)and hip joint acceleration (0.840).The jab punch force of junior group had positive correlation with shoulder joint velocity(0.796),hand acceleration(0.776) and elbow acceleration(0.889), and the junior group straight punch force had positive correlation with shoulder velocity (0.769) and hip acceleration(0.750). The dynamic model showed the punch force had make torque on wrist and elbow. The torque of senior group shoulder joint with straight punch on horizontal abd/add axis is significance (p<0.05)small than jab.
摘要 III
ABSTRACT IV
誌謝 V
一、 前言 1
1-1 拳力與生物力學參數 1
1-2 拳擊之生物力學 1
1-2-1 對出拳擊打力之相關研究 2
1-2-2 對出拳動作分析之研究 4
1-3 研究目的 6
二、 動力學模型推導 7
2-1 尤拉角與四元數 7
2-2 修正之M. Hirashma動力學模型 11
2-2-1座標系定義 12
2-2-2 動力平衡方程式 13
三、 材料與方法 18
3-1 受測對象 18
3-2 標記貼法 18
3-3 實驗儀器 20
3-4 實驗流程 22
3-5 動作之分期定義 23
3-6 分析之目標參數 25
3-6-1 刺拳與主直拳 25
3-6-2 運動學變數 26
3-6-3 動力學變數 26
四、 結果 27
4-1刺拳 27
4-2主直拳 39
五、 討論與結論 49
5-1 實驗設計 49
5-2 運動學結果 52
5-3 動力學結果 53
5-4 未來展望 54
5-5 結論 55
參考資料 56
自述 58
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