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研究生:陳冠宏
研究生(外文):Kuan-Hung Chen
論文名稱:以模糊偏好關係方法求解多屬性群體決策問題
論文名稱(外文):Solving the multi-attribute group decision making problems based on fuzzy preference relations
指導教授:楊大和楊大和引用關係
指導教授(外文):Taho Yang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:製造工程研究所碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:95
中文關鍵詞:成對比較多屬性決策方法層級分析法模糊理論群體決策方法模糊偏好關係
外文關鍵詞:Fuzzy TheoryMulti-attribute Decision MakingAHPFuzzy Preference RelationsGroup Decision MethodPairwise Comparison
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:4
  • 點閱點閱:124
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
在各種需要決策的情境當中,利用我們對問題的感知能力,由已知的若干候選方案中有效挑選出最適合者乃決策科學學者至今仍致力發展之方法。而在相互衝突的數個準則下對這些候選方案做出評選的方法即為多屬性決策方法,根據其理論基礎而有不同的問題架構及求解結果。
而現今這類方法的應用常為牽涉龐大資源投入之大型專案,基本上必需要以群體智慧的共同構築決策的框架,本研究提出一組以群體決策為基礎,並能考慮到群體間意見衝突及差異情形且基於候選方案間成對比較後所產生之偏好關係偏好值之多屬性決策模型,並以具有表達彈性的模糊語意表達方法來反映決策者所提出之主觀判斷,且可以轉換為層級分析法之基數尺度用法,再以決策訊息流量多寡來推導出屬性之相對客觀權重。
在一致性的模糊偏好值設計下,避免層級分析法求解過程中重複檢驗一致性的過程,決策者僅須提供n方案數中n-1則成對比較偏好值即可。本研究以兩實務案例探討,第一例為十二吋晶圓廠廠房佈置問題為例,在群體基礎下同時考慮多項績效指標來進行可行方案的相互分析與比較;第二例為半導體封裝廠設施佈置的案例,分別處理定量與定性績效指標,並得到明確的最佳方案排序。
People usually desired to make the decision which could be satisfied variety decision situations, and we will use our ability of perception to achieve the decision procedure. Those developments of the methodologies were still rising and flourishing. The applications of evaluating to several alternatives which conflict to each others was called by multi-attribute decision making (MADM) problems.
The structures and ranking results of problems will be decided based on the theory of those methods, and its applications will concern about enormous resource and complex project, needs to construct the framework of problems by group decision. This paper presents a new fuzzy multi-attribute decision making (FMADM) approach that based on group decision making (GDM) and evaluating the conflict and difference of opinions, then a pair-wise comparison process is used to result a preference relation value. At first the flexible fuzzy linguistic methods used to reflect individual subjective judgments, and offer the transform between cardinal scale that use in Analytic Hierarchy Process and fuzzy preference relations. Secondary we established the objective weighted of the decision attribute by the net flow about the decision, then we completed the design of fuzzy preference by additive transitivity property.
To avoid the complicated process of checking the consistence of decision, we just need to provide n-1 pair-wise comparison value of n alternatives. The empirical examples were used to confirm the results, involving a facility planning problems of a 300mm wafer fabrication, they concerned several performance index of that and compared some acceptable alternatives to each others based on group decision, it also analyzed the other example about layout planning of IC packaging company, to achieve their best ranking of those alternatives.
摘要 ii
Abstract iii
誌謝 v
目錄 vi
圖目錄 viii
表目錄 ix
1. 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機 2
1.3 研究目的 3
1.4 研究流程 4
1.5 論文架構 5
2. 文獻探討 7
2.1 群體決策的發展與應用 7
2.2 模糊多屬性群體決策方法 10
2.3 模糊理論及其應用 17
2.4 模糊偏好關係 21
3. 研究方法 28
3.1 方法流程簡介 29
3.2 蒐集決策意見與適當轉換 30
3.3 意見彙整與差異修正階段 35
3.4 整合群體意見步驟 40
3.5 屬性之決策矩陣與特徵矩陣 45
3.6 推估各屬性權重步驟 48
3.7 求解模糊多屬性決策問題並產生排序結果 53
4. 案例分析 55
4.1 十二吋晶圓廠廠房佈置問題 55
4.2 半導體封裝廠設施佈置問題 71
5. 結論與建議 87
5.1 結論與案例結果分析 87
5.2 後續研究與建議 88
許志義,民92,多目標決策,五南文化事業,台北。
翁振益等合著,民95,決策分析方法與應用,華泰文化,台北。
闕頌廉,民90,應用模糊數學,科技圖書館份有限公司,台北。
楊芸惠,民94,結合模擬與模糊多屬性決策方法評估十二吋晶圓廠廠房佈置問題,成功大學製造工程研究所,碩士論文。
黃冠維,民95,以灰關聯分析方法求解多屬性決策問題,成功大學製造工程研究所,碩士論文。
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