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研究生:陳宗霆
研究生(外文):Tsung-ting Chen
論文名稱:反傾銷措施對台灣產業利益與國家經濟福利之影響—以毛巾案為實證分析
論文名稱(外文):The Impacts of Antidumping Measures on Economic Welfare:An Investigation on Taiwan’s Towelling Industry
指導教授:謝文真謝文真引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wen-jen Hsieh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:政治經濟學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:123
中文關鍵詞:介入分析模式時間序列分析經濟福利反傾銷措施
外文關鍵詞:Economic WelfareAntidumping MeasuresIntervention Analysis ModelTime Series Analysis
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經濟全球化效應的思維下,各國皆致力於國際貿易市場的版圖擴展。然而為了避免國家自身產業受到外來不當競爭的侵害,即以課徵反傾銷稅抵制外國廠商之不公平貿易行為,反傾銷措施即是在WTO貿易規範下的合法反制途徑之一。反傾銷制度可用以維持國際市場的貿易秩序,促進國際貿易的公平競爭,使各國能秉持公平競爭的原則進行貿易交流,以達到互蒙其利的目的。故而,反傾銷措施運作機制的重要性不言可喻。
反傾銷措施對於產業市場結構,以及國內上下游廠商生產型態的衝擊效應將間接影響台灣整體經濟福利水準。因此,本文擬自經濟學觀點,檢視反傾銷措施整體的趨勢。並以台灣為個案研究進行分析,從經濟層面思考反傾銷措施對台灣整體經濟福利之政策效果的影響。藉由個案研究法,以中國大陸毛巾反傾銷案作為研究範例,探究台灣反傾銷制度的實務執行概況,運用介入分析模式檢測反傾銷措施對於台灣國內毛巾產業之經濟效益的保護效果。並建構比較靜態分析的經濟福利模型,闡述反傾銷措施相關台灣整體經濟福利水準之衝擊影響。彙整質化歸納與量化分析的論證結果,從法律、產業與國家經濟福利層面,概括台灣反傾銷措施之影響效果及其價值取向。
綜合研究分析,反傾銷措施確實能讓台灣國內毛巾產業淺嘗經濟保護效益的滋味。儘管會牽動貿易移轉效應,但仍舊畏懼台灣可能再度展開反傾銷控訴的疑慮而有所節制。台灣國內毛巾業者因而可善用保護效果,調整產業經營策略與產業結構升級,改變台灣與外國廠商的競爭態勢,以維持傳統毛巾產業的存續發展,並歸納台灣整體經濟福利水準之變化趨勢。本文所呈現的實證結果與國內外相關文獻的論證有所雷同,可見台灣反傾銷措施於毛巾案發揮實質的政策效果。
Under the trend of globalization, many countries have focused on the enlargement of international trade. However, in order to prevent imports from damaging domestic industries many countries impose the antidumping duty to some importing commodities which are against the rules of the WTO (World Trade Organization). The main purpose of the antidumping measure is to build a trade environment to maintain a relatively fair and reasonable competition for the trading countries. Hence, such a subject is gaining importance and has attracted more and more attention from the researches and policy-makers during the process of globalization.
The thesis tries to use Taiwan’s case to explore the effects of antidumping measure. First, the current antidumping measure applied on the towel trading between Taiwan and China is extensively discussed. Second, the intervention analysis model is employed to examine the decrease of imports from China (a protection effect) and increase imports form Vietnam (trade diversion effect) to analyze the welfare and damage of the incident in Taiwan’s towelling market. Last, a comparative static analysis on economic welfare is presented to illustrate the extents of welfare on various interest groups from the antidumping measures. Aside from the above, the impact and reaction of relevant industries such as upper- and down-stream industries in Taiwan are also mentioned in this thesis.
In sum, the antidumping measure induces some benefits for Taiwan’s towelling industry in the domestic market, even after taking the trade diversion effect of increase imports form Vietnam into consideration. Taiwan’s towelling industry may use this temporary relief to improve their competitiveness by focusing on R&D activities to upgrade the technology. Our conclusions are consistent with previous studies that the antidumping measure could be beneficial for domestic industries.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 3
第二節 研究主軸 8
第三節 研究方法 13
第四節 研究架構 15
第二章 文獻回顧 17
第一節 反傾銷措施之相關文獻探討 17
第二節 介入分析模式之相關應用文獻探討 28
第三章 台灣反傾銷措施執行概況 32
第一節 台灣反傾銷制度 33
第二節 毛巾反傾銷個案研析 53
第四章 統計分析理論與模型架構 66
第一節 理論模型概述 66
第二節 計量模型之推導 69
第三節 實證分析流程 81
第五章 毛巾案之產業效益實證分析 85
第一節 敘述統計 85
第二節 統計檢定與分析 90
第六章 反傾銷措施經濟福利效益 95
第一節 反傾銷稅之產業經濟效果分析 96
第二節 反傾銷稅之整體經濟福利效應 105
第七章 結論 113
第一節 研究限制 113
第二節 綜合歸納 114
參考文獻 117
一、中文部分
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三、網際資訊
1.中華民國財政部關稅總局:〈統計資料庫查詢〉,網址:http://web.customs.gov.tw/statistic/statistic/statisticList.asp (瀏覽日期:2007年3月22日)
2.中華民國經濟部:〈經貿統計〉,網址:http://w2kdmz1.moea.gov.tw/index.asp?P1=statistics (瀏覽日期:2007年12月9日)。
3.中華經濟研究院:〈台灣WTO中心〉,網址:http://taiwan.wtocenter.org.tw/www/news.asp (瀏覽日期:2007年9月14日)。
4.台灣經濟研究院:〈經濟評論〉,網址:http://www.tier.org.tw/comment/tiermon.asp (瀏覽日期:2008年2月3日)。
5.全國法規資料庫:〈法規類別〉,網址:http://law.moj.gov.tw/fl1.asp(瀏覽日期:2007年7月21日)。
6.國家數位圖書館:〈學術研究〉,網址:http://www.ncl.edu.tw/mp.asp?mp=3 (瀏覽日期:2008年3月29日)。
7.經濟部國際貿易局:〈經貿資訊網〉,網址:http://cweb.trade.gov.tw/mp.asp?mp=1 (瀏覽日期:2007年8月25日)。
8.經濟部貿易調查委員會:〈進口救濟、反傾銷計平衡稅案件產業損害調查e化系統〉,網址:http://portal.moeaitc.gov.tw/icweb/default.aspx (瀏覽日期:2007年3月20日)。
9.經濟部貿易調查委員會:〈課徵反傾銷稅之產業損害調查報告〉,網址:http://www.moeaitc.gov.tw/moeaitc/home/index.html (瀏覽日期:2007年4月27日)。
10.National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), “Publications” Website: http://www.nber.org/cgi-bin/get_bars.pl?bar=pub (viewed on October 22, 2007).
11.United States International Trade Commission (USITC), “Trade Remedy Investigations” Website: http://www.usitc.gov/trade_remedy/index.htm (viewed on March 18, 2007).
12.World Trade Organization (WTO), “Anti-dumping-Gateway” Website: http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/adp_e/adp_e.htm#statistics (viewed on March 15, 2007).
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