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研究生:葉人慈
研究生(外文):Yeh, Jen-Tzu
論文名稱:考慮客製化程度之供應鏈延遲策略
論文名稱(外文):Postponement Strategies under Various Customization Degrees in Supply Chains
指導教授:陳穆臻陳穆臻引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen, Mu-Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:交通運輸研究所
學門:運輸服務學門
學類:運輸管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:62
中文關鍵詞:延遲策略供應鏈管理大量客製化
外文關鍵詞:Postponement StrategySupply Chain ManagementMass Customization
相關次數:
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
延遲策略(Postponement Strategy)是供應鏈管理上降低存貨成本與需求變異的方法。在產品設計之初利用零組件的模組化、標準化與產品流程再造等方法,使附加價值相對較低的共同組件於生產流程前端製造,而將產品差異化的時間點儘可能地延後到生產流程的後端,待顧客需求較確定時再實行製造。本研究將大量客製化的概念(Mass Customization)的概念與供應鏈延遲策略做結合,先分別建立客製化程度高與客製化程度低之供應鏈網路架構,分析其在實施延遲策略前之利潤,作為廠商考慮生產高客製化產品、低客製化產品或通用品之參考。接著探討實施標準化延遲策略與模組化延遲策略對廠商在成本與效益之影響,最後比較不同情境下,何種延遲策略(標準化延遲策略或模組化延遲策略)對高度客製化或低度客製化之供應鏈較有利潤。本研究結論顯示:藉由將產品差異化的程序點延後,可有效降低產品的需求變異。然而延遲策略也使得生產程序改變而引發相關成本的支出,例如:投資成本、存貨成本、前置時間的增加。因此,在收入不變(P×Q)下,廠商應實施何種延遲策略端視於該種延遲策略能讓廠商有效降低需求變異並使延遲策略新增成本較小。
Postponement Strategy is a method which is used to reduce the demand uncertainty and increase the process flexibility in supply chain management. By means of standardization and modularization, products could share common components or processes at the initial stages, and be customized into specific ones at the later stages.
This research combines postponement strategy with the emerging concept of mass customization. By differentiating two supply chains based on soft and hard degrees of customization, mathematical models that capture the costs and benefits of customization are developed for analysis purposes. Next, these models are applied to analyze the trade-off between costs and benefits when firms implement the postponement strategy. In the end, this thesis discusses the fact that which postponement strategy, either standardization or modularization, performs better under the same circumstances.
The results of this research show that delaying the time of differentiation could help firms reducing the uncertainty of demand. However, it also results in increasing costs such as investment cost, inventory cost, and longer lead time of production. Therefore, firms should consider the costs and benefits of each postponement strategy and put into practice with the one which performs better.
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 3
1.3 研究流程 4
1.4 論文架構 5
第二章 文獻探討 6
2.1 供應鏈管理 6
2.1.1 供應鏈管理的發展 7
2.2 延遲策略 9
2.2.1 延遲策略之定義與發展 9
2.2.2 延遲策略之特徵 11
2.2.3 延遲策略之分類 11
2.2.4 延遲策略對供應鏈管理上成本之影響 16
2.2.5 延遲策略之應用時機 16
2.2.6 延遲策略之數學規劃模式 18
2.3 大量客製化 24
2.3.1 大量客製化的定義 24
2.3.2 大量客製化之特徵 24
2.3.3 大量客製化的發展 25
第三章 不同客製化程度之供應鏈網路及數學模式構建 27
3.1 研究範圍與限制 27
3.2 供應鏈之網路結構 27
3.2.1 大量客製化程度低之供應鏈網路架構 31
3.2.2 大量客製化程度高之供應鏈網路架構 33
3.2.3 通用品之供應鏈網路架構 34
3.3 延遲策略前之利潤分析 36
3.3.1 客製化程度低之產品與通用品之利潤分析 37
3.3.2 客製化程度高之產品與通用品之利潤分析 38
3.3.3 客製化程度高之產品與客製化程度低之利潤分析 40
3.4 小結:延遲策略前不同客製化程度之利潤分析 44
第四章 不同情境下之延遲策略 45
4.1 模組化之延遲策略 45
4.2 標準化之延遲策略 49
4.3 不同情境下延遲策略之應用時機 52
4.3.1 比較模組化延遲策略與標準化延遲策略於大量客製化程度低之產品 52
4.3.2 比較模組化延遲策略與標準化延遲策略於大量客製化程度高之產品 54
4.4 小結:不同客製化程度下之最適延遲策略 56
第五章 結論與建議 57
5.1 結論 57
5.2 後續研究建議 59
參考文獻 60
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