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研究生:張榮峻
論文名稱:分時多工個人通信設備其射頻電路對本身語音信號干擾之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of The Effects of Operation of RF Circuits to Effecting Speech Signal in TDMA Personal Communication System
指導教授:吳霖堃
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:電機學院碩士在職專班電信組
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:50
中文關鍵詞:分時多工電磁干擾耐受度
外文關鍵詞:TDMAEMI
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目前無線技術在分配使用者頻寬方面,有分時多工(TDMA),編碼多工
(CDMA),分頻多工(FDMA)等等。基於成本較低以及容易實現的考量,分時多工仍是主要的實現方式。但其切割時間的特性,容易導致個人通信設備,例如GSM,PHS 手機,或是最近WIFI 手機,其本身的射頻電路去干擾鄰近電路的語音信號,造成令人困擾的音頻噪音。
本研究以無線網路(802.11g)為實驗平台,研究其射頻電路工作於分時多工時,對鄰近語音處理電路之影響。本研究首先探討傳導干擾以及輻射干擾機制;繼而尋求降低射頻電路干擾能力,以及增強音頻電路干擾耐受度的方法。
我們發現射頻功率放大器動作時,其固有的負載效應,使得供應電源產生漣波,進而影響音頻輸入端的偏壓,是傳導干擾的主因。再者,由於差動放大器的射頻整流現象,間歇性的射頻信號進入音頻線路會造成音頻差動放大器直流準位偏移進而產生噪音。
To arrange communication user resource over air, we use the
method of TDMA, CDMA, FDMA and so on. For the reason of cost
effectiveness and relative easy implementation, TDMA is still the most used technique such as GSM,PHS and WiFi. As its operation requires periodic switching on-and-off of the RF front end at a rate in the audio frequency range, TDMA system has a possibility to interfering its own audio signal and generates annoy noise from itself easily.
An 802.11(Wi-Fi) platform is need in this thesis for the study of effects of RF circuits on adjacent audio signal processing circuits. First, we investigate the conduction and radiation interference mechanisms. Then, we evaluate the methods of decreasing emission capability of the RF circuits and enhancing immunity of the audio circuits.
We found the ripple voltage caused by RF PA loading effect can affect audio input circuit to generating noise, in addition, the RF rectification phenomenal on differential amplifier of audio circuit is root cause of EMI, this perceivable noise would be generated whenever audio circuit is subjected to RF signal which is amplitude modulated at an audio frequency.
中文摘要 ………………………………………………………… i
英文摘要 ………………………………………………………… ii
誌謝 ………………………………………………………… iii
目錄 ………………………………………………………… iv
圖目錄 ………………………………………………………… v
一、 系統簡介……………………………………………… 1
1-1 TDMA 個人通訊系統簡介……………………………… 1
1-2 實驗系統介紹………………………………………… 5
二、 干擾成因分析………………………………………… 14
2-1 傳導式干擾…………………………………………… 14
2-2 輻射式干擾…………………………………………… 18
三、 防治干擾研究………………………………………… 24
3-1 傳導干擾防治研究及量測…………………………… 25
3-2 輻射干擾防治研究與量測…………………………… 40
四、 結論…………………………………………………… 49
參考文獻 ………………………………………………………… 50
1. Regis J. (Bud) Bates Jr, “Wireless Broadband Handbook,"
McGraw-Hill, New York, 2001, Chapter 3.
2. Kai Chang, Inder Bahl, and Vijay Nair, “RF and Microwave Circuit
and Component Design for Wireless System," Wiley-Interscience,
New York, 2002, Chapter 11.
3. Tim Williams, “EMC for Product Designers,"Newnes,Oxford, 2001,
Chapter4.
4. S Graffi, G Masetti, and D Golzio, "New Macromodels and
Measurements for the Analysis of EMI Effects in 741 Op-Amp
Circuit," IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility 33,
no. 1 (1991): 25–34.
5. RE Richardson, VG Puglielli, and RA Amadori, "Microwave
Interference Effect in Bipolar Transistor," IEEE Transactions on
Electromagnetic Compatibility 17, no. 4 (1975): 216–219.
6. M. Rashid. “SPICE For Circuits And Electronics Using PSpice,"
Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1990, Appendix B.
7. P. Gray, P. Hurst, S. Lewis, and R. Meyer.“Analysis and Design
of Analog Integrated Circuits," John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2001,
Chapter 11
8. F. W. L. Kung and H. T. Chuah. “System Modeling Of High-Speed
Digital Printed Circuit Board Using SPICE" Progress In
Electromagnetics Research, PIER 20, 179–211, 1998, Chapter 5.
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