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研究生:呂柏宏
研究生(外文):Bo-Hong Lyu
論文名稱:固定自有倉庫容量下損耗性商品之最佳經濟生產批量
論文名稱(外文):Optimal economic production quantity of deteriorate item with fixed warehouse capacity
指導教授:陳振明陳振明引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jen-Ming Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:工業管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:60
中文關鍵詞:倉庫容量限制損耗性商品數量折扣
外文關鍵詞:Deteriorating itemsWarehouse capacityQuantity discount
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  • 被引用被引用:5
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企業基於種種經濟因素考量,在建置自有倉庫時其容量有一定的限制,一經決定之後便很難再做更動。基於眾多因素,零售端常常會囤積許多商品存貨,而因產品價值有時效性的存在,往往會有損耗的情況發生。
在一個生產與銷售的產銷系統中,針對損耗性商品考慮有限的規劃週期與零售端的自有倉庫有容量限制,建構出製造端與零售端的聯合總成本,以總成本最小化為目標來增加企業的核心競爭力,若無法變更容量限制,則找尋是否有其他替代方案來降低總成本。
藉由數學軟體Mathematica 5.2 的幫助,找出產銷系統中最佳的生產次數、最佳週期時間長度以及每週期的最佳生產批量,達到產銷系統總成本極小化的目標。
An enterprise has some limits on owned warehouse capacity that is constant. Besides retailer often stock a lot of inventories that has characteristic of deterioration. A rented warehouse is used when the ordering quantity exceeds the limited capacity of the owned warehouse, and it is assumed that deterioration rates of items in the two warehouses may be different.
This study minimize retailers and manufactures total cost to consider fixed warehouse capacity with deterioration items in a finite planning horizon.
Mathematic software Mathematica 5.2 is used to derive the optimal production times and lots with minimal total cost. Finally, we use a numerical example to illustrate the model.
論文提要 I
Abstract II
目錄 III
表目錄 V
圖目錄 VI
第一章 序論 1
1.1研究背景與動機 1
1.2研究目的 3
1.3研究方法與步驟 4
1.4研究架構 6
第二章 文獻回顧 8
2.1倉庫容量限制之相關文獻 8
2.2損耗性存貨之相關文獻 9
2.3需求模式之相關文獻 11
2.4相關文獻與本研究的比較 12
第三章 模型建構 15
3.1問題描述與定義 15
3.2基本假設與符號說明 15
3.3成本函數建構 17
3.3.1製造端模型建構 17
3.3.2零售端模型建構 18
3.4聯合總成本 20
3.4.1製造端總成本 20
3.4.2零售端總成本 21
3.5考慮數量折扣之聯合總成本 23
4.1數值驗證與比較 24
4.1.1原始模型 24
4.1.2考慮數量折扣之模型 25
4.2敏感度分析 27
4.2.1原始模型 27
4.2.2考慮數量折扣之模型 32
4.3倉庫容量限制對成本的影響 36
4.4商品損耗性對成本的影響 37
4.5數量折扣政策對成本的影響 38
第五章 結論與未來研究方向 40
5.1結論 40
5.2未來研究方向 41
參考文獻 42
附錄 46
一、敏感度分析之表格 46
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