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研究生:鍾靜怡
研究生(外文):Ching-I Chung
論文名稱:建置影片式英語口語發音縮減特徵學習系統輔助英文聽力學習
論文名稱(外文):Development of a Film-based Reduced Forms Learning System for Assisting English Listening Comprehension
指導教授:楊接期楊接期引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jie-Chi Yang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:網路學習科技研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:教育科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:87
中文關鍵詞:口語發音縮減特徵聽力理解影片學習
外文關鍵詞:reduced formsfilm-based learninglistening comprehension
相關次數:
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英文聽力為英語口語溝通中重要的技能。由於長期以來,台灣傳統正規英文聽力教育多以緩慢清楚地發音為主,導致許多台灣學生因不熟悉口說英文的重要特色---口語發音縮減特徵,而出現聽力上的困難。然而,為了熟悉並習慣英語口語發音縮減特徵,必須沉浸在大量的真實口說英語環境並加以練習判斷。為了彌補我國因缺乏真實口說英語的環境而無法提供口語發音縮減特徵的聆聽練習,本研究提出一個影片式英語口語發音縮減特徵學習系統,以輔助英文聽力學習。該系統可讓學習者自由滙入任何含字幕檔的英語影片,並為滙入的影片自動判斷並註記含有口語發音縮減特徵的句子,以提供大量例句做為聆聽練習之用。該系統也提供聽力克漏字練習功能,可從已滙入的影片中自動出題,並評量口語發音縮減特徵練習結果並回饋給學習者做為參考。
本研究另設計一實驗,探討影片式英語口語發音縮減特徵學習系統的學習成效、使用者對該系統的意見態度和滿意度。實驗的結果證實,在口語發音縮減特徵的學習成效上,該系統比起單純使用口語發音縮減特徵教材學習加上影片複習的組合的成效來得更加顯著,所以它對英語口語發音縮減特徵的學習有明顯幫助。在英文聽力的學習成效上,雖無法證明實驗組成績顯著高於控制組,但受試者在問卷和訪談中,對於系統皆給予正向的滿意度,且對於該系統輔助英文聽力效果表示肯定。
最後,本研究透過問卷及訪談,整理出使用者對系統的改善建議,其中包含了影片和字幕播放介面的改善、以及應考慮加入的新功能,以提供日後系統進一步發展參考用。
English listening is an important skill for communication. For a long time, The Taiwanese teachers usually speak slowly and clearly in English listening instruction, and reduced forms--the phonological simplification or variations often found in Spoken English--are lost in classroom. This phenomenon makes English learners in Taiwan only get used to a model of speech where every segment is clearly articulated. In other words, They ususally aren’t familiar with reduced forms. The unfamiliarity with reduced forms is one of the main factors that results in listening difficult. To promote the awareness of reduced forms, exposing learners to reduced forms with great amount of authentic listening materials and practices are general suggestion. Therefore, the study proposed a film-based reduced forms learning system for assisting listening comprehension. The system contains two main functions as follow:
1. Automatic extraction and notation function: The function extracts reduced forms examples by the subtitle of any English film.
2. Automatic cloze items contructing function: The function constructs cloze items for practices based on above extracted examples.
A between-subjects design was employed to explore the effectiveness of the system. The result revealed that the system promoted the awareness of reduced forms significantly, and the experimental group show strikingly superior to the control group the in the reduced forms posttest. However, the experimental group didn’t exceed control group in the listening comprehension post, so the facilitating effects of the system on listening comprehension was not salient. Although the effectiveness of the system on overall listening comprehension is not verified, the experimental group showed the positive attitude in system satisfaction. They also approve the effects of the system in many aspects of their listening.
中文摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 III
圖  目  錄 VIII
表  目  錄 IX
表  目  錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機 2
1.3 研究目的 3
1.4 研究限制 3
第二章 文獻探討 5
2.1 口語發音縮減特徵對英文聽力的影響 5
2.1.1 聽力的理解過程 5
2.1.2 口語發音縮減特徵導致聽力困難的原因 7
2.2 口語發音縮減特徵學習的探討 8
2.2.1 口語發音縮減特徵的種類 8
2.2.2 口語發音縮減特徵教學探討及學習需求 9
2.2.3 口語發音縮減特徵練習的型式 10
2.3 口語發音縮減特徵學習系統的研究 10
2.4 文獻探討總結 11
第三章 系統實作 12
3.1 系統架構 12
3.1.1 SVM訓練模組 13
3.1.2 特徵判別模組 16
3.1.3 特徵註記模組 16
3.1.4 電影例句搜尋模組 17
3.1.5 聽力克漏字出題模組 17
3.2 系統介面及功能 18
3.2.1 影片及字幕滙入介面 19
3.2.2 課程及例句播放介面 19
3.2.3 聽力克漏字練習介面 20
第四章 實驗設計 23
4.1 實驗目的 23
4.2 實驗背景 23
4.3 實驗流程 24
4.3.1 實驗流程架構 24
4.3.2 實驗流程 26
4.4 研究工具 29
4.4.1 TOEIC聽力測驗 30
4.4.2 口語發音縮減特徵測驗 30
4.4.3 問卷調查量表 31
第五章 結果及討論 33
5.1 測驗結果分析 33
5.1.1 TOEIC聽力測驗成績分析 33
5.1.2 口語發音縮減特徵測驗總成績分析 34
5.1.3 口語發音縮減特徵測驗之不同題型成績結果分析 35
5.1.4 測驗結果分析之結論 37
5.2 整體系統評量問卷結果分析 38
5.2.1 系統滿意度問卷調查結果 38
5.2.2 系統輔助英文聽力之態度問卷調查結果 41
5.2.3 系統其他意見和建議調查結果 43
5.3 訪談分析 44
5.3.1 問卷訪談分析 45
5.3.2 特定議題訪談分析 46
5.4 討論 49
5.4.1 對於整體聽力及對口語發音縮減特徵上的輔助學習成效 49
5.4.2 對系統整體改進建議 50
5.4.3 口語發音縮減特徵課程學習時間的探討 50
第六章 結論 52
6.1 結論 52
6.2 研究貢獻 52
6.3 未來工作 53
參考文獻 54
附錄一 口語發音縮減特徵規則表 60
附錄二 專家效度問卷 62
附錄三 口語發音縮減特徵測驗 69
附錄四 整體系統評量問卷(實驗組使用) 70
附錄五 其他意見及建議(控制組使用) 73
附錄六 訪談稿 74
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