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研究生:張志銘
研究生(外文):Chi-Ming Chang
論文名稱:洪水對五溝水淡水螺貝類群聚結構之影響
論文名稱(外文):Flooding impact on the community structures of freshwater snails in the Wu-gou village, Pingtong
指導教授:梁世雄梁世雄引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shih-Hsiung Liang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:生物科技系
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:73
中文關鍵詞:淡水螺洪水群聚結構
外文關鍵詞:freshwater snailsfloodingcommunity structure
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本研究於2005年3月至2006年2月間,於屏東五溝水地區進行淡水螺貝類多樣性調查與洪水對於群聚結構之數量比例、優勢種及數量順序所造成衝擊之影響。調查期間,共紀錄淡水螺貝類9科14種7102隻次。針對洪水對於群聚結構之影響,將調查期間區分為干擾前期、干擾期、干擾後-前期及干擾後-後期等四期,進行研究。結果發現,五溝水地區淡水螺貝類物種數、個體數及歧異度,在洪水干擾後均會減少,雖洪水過後可逐漸恢復,但以個體數之恢復狀況較明顯,甚至可較干擾前期個體之數量增加。螺貝類物種相對比例在洪水干擾後,多數樣點與干擾前呈現不同比例之改變。優勢種亦因洪水衝擊而使個體數量減少,但多數溪流在干擾期開始的一至三個月即可恢復其優勢種之個體數量。在洪水干擾期,多數樣點之物種數量順序顯示變動,但多數樣點可在干擾後六至九個月後呈現穩定之數量順序。整體而言,在短期內,洪水對於五溝水淡水螺貝類群聚結構具明顯之影響,會造成物種比例、優勢種及物種數量順序等群聚結構之改變,且洪水所造成淡水螺貝類之衝擊效應多發生於干擾期至干擾後-前期之六個月間,不過,淡水螺貝類之群聚結構在遭受洪水干擾後,約在六至九個月的時間即可大致恢復至與干擾前時期相似之狀態。
This research aims to investigate the species diversity of freshwater snails in Wu-gou village in Pingtung County, and the flooding impacts on its community structures, including the proportional abundance, the abundance of the dominant species. From March 2005 to February 2006, 7120 individuals of freshwater snails ,belonged to 9 , were collected. The duration of this survey is divided into four stages, including pre-disturbance, disturbance, post-disturbance Ⅰ, and post-disturbance Ⅱ. The results indicate that the species richness, abundance, and Shannon-Wiener Diversity Index decreased after the flooding disturbance. Although all these biological measurements recover gradually after flooding, the recovery of abundance is the most evident, which greater than the of pre-disturbance period. In most sites, proportional abundance of freshwater snail were varied from pre-disturbance after flooding. Despite their abundance dropped due to flooding, the collected individuals of dominant species recover to its pre-disturbance period within 1-3 months after flooding. Dynamic variation in abundance rank of most freshwater snails were recorded in most site during disturbance period; concordance species rank in abundance were shown in 6-9 month after flooding. Overall, flooding demonstrate a short-term but significant impact on the community structure of freshwater snails in Wu-gou village. Ranks of Proportional individuals, dominant species, and abundance all could varied during the flooding period and 6 months after disturbance. However, in 6-9months after flood, community structure of freshwater snails in Wu-gou village all similar to the pre-disturbance period.
摘要 1 壹、前言 1 貳、材料與方法 5 一、樣區介紹與樣點選擇 5 二、調查時間 8 三、採樣方法 8 (一)環境因子採樣與測量 8 (二)螺貝類調查 10 四、資料統計分析 10 (一)、環境因子分析 11 (二)、螺貝類測項分析 11 (三)、洪水干擾對於淡水螺貝類群聚影響分析 11 參、結果 14 一、環境因子 14 (一)、水質因子測項 14 (二)、水文測項 16 (三)、環境測項差異分析 17 二、螺貝類測項 19 (一)、物種組成 19 (二)、物種分布 19 (三)、季節物種 26 (四)、時期物種與數量變化 27 三、各樣點群聚結構變動與比較 30 (一)樣點各時期物種比例之比較 30 (二)、流速與優勢物種個體數量 35 (三)、不同干擾期內群聚結構變動 43 肆、討論 46 一、物種組成 46 二、洪水對環境因子之影響 47 三、洪水對螺貝類測項之作用 48 四、洪水對群聚結構之影響 50 五、未來研究方向 53 伍、參考文獻 54 陸、附錄 61
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