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研究生:吳函靜
研究生(外文):Han-Jing, Wu
論文名稱:琉球嶼礁地形分類、分區與製圖
論文名稱(外文):Reef landforms classification, zonation and mapping around Liu-Ciu Yu
指導教授:齊士崢齊士崢引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shyh-Jeng, Chyi
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:地理學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:地理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:109
中文關鍵詞:珊瑚礁地形遙感探測
外文關鍵詞:coral reef geomorphologyremote sensing
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珊瑚礁生態系統為當今生物多樣性高且具觀光潛力之環境,其生物之分布受作用與地形位置影響,若能良好說明礁地形變化,便能以地形指涉環境作用,從而推測造礁珊瑚生長較為繁盛的地理區。過去礁地形之測繪與分析較少,是因為受到海下測繪遠較陸地困難,現在由於遙感探測技術的發展,影像能夠提供全面、快速、低花費的調查優勢。因此,本研究使用數值地形模型,區劃琉球嶼礁地形階層性分類體系,並將其分布製圖,另外,嘗試使用福爾摩沙二號衛星影像,分析琉球嶼海床變異,使用不同的演算法進行水深區間的劃分,並將其分布加以製圖,最後以野外調查資料作核對,整合出符合現地狀況的地形分類。

依據數值地形模型進行地勢分析的結果,可將琉球嶼近岸海床地勢變化分為四種主要的剖面類型,分別為潮上礁台、潮下礁台、脊溝與陡崖區。衛星影像的水深區劃採用第一主成分線性迴歸、多光譜線性迴歸,非監督式分類與監督式分類;結果顯示線性關係之下,多光譜比例演算的水深推估成果優於第一主成分分析,全區最佳判勢能力至-14公尺,光譜數值進行群聚分類,結果顯示監督式分類優於非監督式分類。

依據地形與水深位置之分布,對照光、波浪作用、沉積物和暴露程度四種環境作用對生物多樣性高低的影響,說明琉球嶼近岸美人洞、龍蝦洞、復育涼亭三處應為造礁珊瑚繁盛生長區域。
Coral reef environment have high biodiversity and tourism potential, the distribution of the lives affected by processes and location.If the reef landform can be well-described, we can refer form to coral growth flourishing area. Coral reef has been generally absent in the development of geomorphology in Taiwan, partially because of the difficulties in the underwater quantification investigations or measurements. With the data of remote sensing, it’s an effective approach to detect reef environment.
In this study, two model of the relationship between the water depth and the digital values of satellite images is built: 1) single linear regression using the first principal compoment, 2) multiple linear regression and two approaches namely 3) supervised classification and 4) supervised classification are also used. Digital values calculated from the satellite images offered by Formosa II will correlate with the four transects of true depth measured with single beam echosounder and GPS. The probable relationship between first principal compoment and multiple linear regression is the last one. It’s reachs 0.90 and the better detect ability can go down to -14m. Supervised classification is also probable than unsupervised classification. Once this relationship is built, it can be applied upon the whole water area around Liu-Ciu Yu. Using this depth and pattern information with the field survey, we propose a reef geomorphologic map within which the landform of coral reef is classified into 4 main types: 1) supertidal reef flat, 2) subtidal reef flat, 3) spurs and grooves, 4) escarpment.
第一章 緒論…………………………………………………………………1
第一節 研究動機……………………………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的……………………………………………………………5
第三節 研究區概述…………………………………………………………5
一、地理位置…………………………………………………………………5
二、氣象與海象………………………………………………………………7
三、地形與地質………………………………………………………………8
四、珊瑚覆蓋概況……………………………………………………………11
第二章 文獻回顧……………………………………………………………13
第一節 礁地貌………………………………………………………………13
一、礁是什麼?………………………………………………………………13
二、礁地形分類體系…………………………………………………………14
三、礁地形位置與造礁珊瑚群體分布………………………………………24
四、地勢分析…………………………………………………………………25
五、小結………………………………………………………………………29
第二節 礁環境調查方法……………………………………………………30
一、遙測探測方法應用於珊瑚礁環境現況…………………………………30
二、應用高空間解析影像於珊瑚礁探測……………………………………32
三、航空照片判釋……………………………………………………………36
四、珊瑚礁野外調查方法……………………………………………………37
五、小結………………………………………………………………………38
第三章 研究架構與方法……………………………………………………40
第一節 研究架構……………………………………………………………42
第二節 研究方法……………………………………………………………44
一、地勢分析…………………………………………………………………42
二、應用遙感探測方法………………………………………………………44
三、野外調查…………………………………………………………………48
第四章 研究成果……………………………………………………………50
第一節 礁地形分類、分區…………………………………………………50
第二節 海床影像分類………………………………………………………65
第三節 野外調查………………………………………………………………82
第五章 討論…………………………………………………………………87
第六章 結論…………………………………………………………………99
第七章 參考文獻……………………………………………………………91
第七章 參考文獻
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