(3.235.25.169) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/17 20:15
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:郭晉榕
研究生(外文):Chin-Jung Kuo
論文名稱:赫胥黎《美麗新世界》與歐威爾《1984》中本真生活之追尋
論文名稱(外文):The Quest for the Authentic Life in Aldous Huxley'' s Brave New World and George Orwell'' s Nineteen Eighty-Four
指導教授:田偉文田偉文引用關係
指導教授(外文):Rudulphus Teeuwen
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:英文
論文頁數:196
中文關鍵詞:赫胥黎歐威爾本真生活
外文關鍵詞:OrwellHuxleyauthenticity
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:331
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
本論文旨在研究赫胥黎《美麗新世界》與歐威爾《1984》中本真生活之追尋。在二十世紀,由於極權主義的產生與科技之進步,人類對於自身自由備感威脅。赫胥黎與歐威爾在各自的小說中,即對現代社會朝向非人性化發展提出警告。另一方面,存在主義哲學家海德格、沙特等,在他們各自的哲學著作中,對個人本真生活的探討與肯定,也反映了現代人在現實環境的壓力下,對於自我生命意義
的追尋。

第一章導論概述沙特與海德格各自的哲學著作中,對於本真性之探討,在《存在與時間》中,海德格提出非本真生活之特點,焦慮感、良心之召喚、與本真性等,在《存在與虛無》與《存在主義與人文主義》中,沙特則探討人類的本然自由,強調透過個人自由選擇以創造自我價值。顯然,兩位哲學家對人類創造自我生命的價值持肯定態度。

第二章則透過比較赫胥黎《美麗新世界》、歐威爾《1984》、柏拉圖《理想國》這三部著作,探討赫胥黎與歐威爾在各自小說中對當代世界的批評,與暗示柏拉圖的烏托邦思想,如何可能成為當代獨裁者所濫用之對象。

第三章論述赫胥黎的反烏托邦小說《美麗新世界》中之世界秩序與對生命的理念,實為當代存在主義之夢魘。透過小說中主要人物的反叛,赫胥黎暗示讀者,真正的人類本真生活實為真、善、與美之追求。
第四章討論歐威爾小說中主角對於本真生活之追求。藉著忠實紀錄過去事實,開始一段真實的感情生活,與加入兄弟會,主角溫斯頓.史密斯實為歐威爾對於人類追求本真生活理想之代言人。
This dissertation intends to study the quest for the authentic life in both Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World and George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four. In this dissertation, I attempt to examine how Huxley and Orwell criticize the modern trend toward dehumanization and how both writers assert the value of the authentic life in their individual dystopian novels. In the twentieth century, the rise of totalitarianism and the development of science and technology threaten the independence of the individual. In their respective dystopian novels, both Huxley and Orwell reflect this crisis of the death of individuality in the modern world and warn us against it by portraying the quest of the characters for an individual meaningful life. On the other hand, the rise of existentialism also reflects the human desire to live a life of authenticity in this excruciating modern condition. Philosophers like Heidegger and Sartre all try to assert the value of the individual authentic life in this modern world where traditional values seem no longer sufficient to guide the individual in his life. Thus, it seems that the four authors Heidegger, Sartre, Huxley and Orwell all share the concern for the freedom of humans in the modern world. To them, an authentic individual life has a value in itself. It overrides the past utopian concern for rational order that overlooks the freedom and independence of the individual.
The introduction focuses on presenting the major tents of Heidegger’s and Sartre’s ideas on authenticity. In his Being and Time, Heidegger mentions the characteristics of a life of fallen-ness, the individualizing effects of anxiety, the call of conscience and the authentic life. And in his Being and Nothingness, and Existentialism and Humanism, Sartre emphasizes the freedom of the individual to define himself through his own free choice of actions. In their individual philosophical works, both of them emphasize the freedom of the individual to take the initiative to create an authentic life. Chapter two focuses on a comparison between three works, Plato’s The Republic, Huxley’s Brave New World and Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-four. In my discussion of their similarities and differences, we try to point out both Huxley’s and Orwell’s reflections on the modern world and their implied criticism of Plato’s utopian ideals which can be taken advantage of by the modern dictators. Chapter three treats Huxley’s dystopia Brave New World as essentially an anti-existential world in which there exists no possibility for the individual to lead a truly authentic life. Through the characters’ rebellion, Huxley suggests to the reader that the true authentic life consists in the quest for beauty, love and truth. Chapter four focuses on the protagonist’s quest for the authentic life in Orwell’s dystopia Nineteen Eighty-four. By starting a diary to keep a faithful record of the past, by developing a love affair and joining the Brotherhood to revive the past authentic life, Orwell’s protagonist Winston Smith actually serves as the novelist’s alter ego to express his ideal for the individual authentic life.
Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction ………………………………………………………6
Chapter 2: Plato''s Heirs: Orwell, Hexley and Repressive societies …………48
Chapter 3: Brave New World: A "Bland" New World and Its Discontents …… 88
Chapter 4: Nineteen Eighty-Four: The Fight for the Authentic Life …………145
Chapter 5: Conclusion …………………………………………………………180
Works Cited ……………………………………………………………………187
Astrachan, Anthony. Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World. Woodbury, N. Y.: Barron’s Educational Series, 1984.
Atkins, John. Aldous Huxley: A Literary Study. London: John Calder, 1956. 211-13.
Attarian, John, “Brave New World and the Flight from God.” Modern Age, 38.4 (1996):332-42. EBSCOhost. 18 Jan. 2007.
Alok Rai. Orwell and The Politics of Despair: A Critical Study of The Writings
of George Orwell. New York: Cambridge UP, 1988.
Birnbaum, Milton. “Aldous Huxley’s Quest for Values: A Study in Religious Syncretism.” Aldous Huxley. Ed. Robert E. Kuehn. Knoxville: U of Tennessee P, 1971. 46-63.
Baker, Robert S. Brave New World: History, Science, and Dystopia. Boston: Twayne, 1990.
---. The Dark Historic Page: Social Satire And Historicism In the Novels of Aldous Huxley, 1921-1939. Madison: U of Wisconsin P.
Bowering, Peter. Aldous Huxley: A Critical Study of the Major Novels. New York: Oxford UP, 1969.
Brown, E. J. “Brave New World, 1984, and We: An Essay on Anti-Utopia.” Zamyatin’s We: A Collection of Critical Essays. Ed. Gary Kern. Ann Arbor, Mi: Ardis, 1988. 220-23.
Blackham, H. J. Six Existentialist Thinkers. New York: Routledge, 1989.
Barrett, William. Irrational Man: A Study in Existential Philosophy. New York: Anchor, 1990.
Beckham, Richard H. “Huxley’s Brave New World as Social Irritant: Ban it or Buy it?” Censored Books: Critical View Points. Ed. Nicholas J. Karolides, Lee Burress, and John M. Kean. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow, 1993. 136-41.
Barton, Edwin J. and Glenda A. Hudson. A Contemporary Guide to Literary Terms with Strategies for Writing Essays about Literature. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1997.
Beauchamp, Gorman. “Of Man’s Last Disobedience: Zamiatin’s We and Orwell’s 1984.” Critical Essays on George Orwell. Ed. Bernard Oldsey and Joseph Brown. Boston: Hall, 1986. 66-79.
Calder, Jenni. Huxley and Orwell, Brave New World and Nineteen Eighty Four.
London: Edward Arnold, 1976.
---. Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty Four. Milton Keynes, England: Philadelphia: Open UP, 1987.
Currie, Robert. “The Big Truth in Nineteen Eighty-Four.” Essays in Criticism. 34.1(1984): 57-69.
Carter, Michael. George Orwell and The Problem Of Authentic Existence. London: Croom Helm, 1985.
Day, Martin S. A Handbook of American Literature. Taipei: Bookman, 1993.
Dostoyevsky, Fyodor. The Brothers Karamazov. Trans. Andrew R. MacAndrew. New York: Bantam, 1981.
---, “Notes from Underground.” Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre. Ed. Walter Kaufmann. New York: Meridian, 1956. 52-83.
Deery, June. “Technology and Gender in Aldous Huxley’s Alternative (?) Worlds.”
Critical Essays on Aldous Huxley. Ed. Jerome Meckier. New York ,1996. 103-17.
Deutscher, Issac. “1984-The Mystery of Cruelty.” A Collection of Critical Essays. Ed. Samuel Hynes. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1971. 29-40.
Eliot, T. S. The Annotated Waste Land, with T.S. Eliot’s Contemporary Prose. New
Haven: Yale UP, 2005.
Ehrlich, Paul R. and Anne H. Ehrlich. “1984: Population and Environment.” On Nineteen Eighty-Four. Ed. Peter Stansky. Stanford: Stanford Alumni Association, 1983. 49-51.
Firchow, Peter Edgerly. The End of Utopia: A Study of Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World. Lewisburg, PA. Bucknell UP, 1984.
Fitzpatrick, Kathleen. “An Essay for Novels for Students.” Novels for Students: Presenting Analysis, Context and Criticism on Commonly Studied Novels. Vol. 8 Detroit, MI: Gale Research, 2000. 245-48.
Fowler, Roger. The Language of George Orwell. Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan, 1995.
Frost, Robert. Collected Poems, Prose & Plays. New York: Library of America, 1995.
Fox, Alistair. Utopia: An Elusive Vision. New York: Twayne, 1993.
Foltz, Bruce V. Inhabiting the Earth: Heidegger, Environmental Ethics, and the Metaphysics of Nature. New Jersey: Humanity Press, 1995.
Greenblatt, Stephen Jay. Three Modern Satirists: Waugh, Orwell, and Huxley. New Haven: Yale UP, 1965.
Gelven, Michael. A Commentry on Heidegger’s Being and Time. Northern Illinois UP, 1989.
Guignon, Charles. “Becoming a Self: The Role of Authenticity in Being and Time.” The Existentialists: Critical Essays on Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Heidegger, and Sartre. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 2004. 119-32.
Grossman, Kathryn M. “Woman as Temptress: the Way to (bro) Otherhood in Science Fictions Dystopias.” Women’s Studies. 14. 2 (1987): 135-44.
Guy. Thompson, M. “The Way of Authenticity and the Quest for Personal Integrity.” European Journal of Psychology, Counseling & Health. 7.3 (2005):143-57. EBSCOhost Online. 24 Nov. 2007.
Howe, Irving. “1984: History as Nightmare.” Twentieth Century Interpretations of 1984; A Collection of Critical Essays. Ed. Samuel Lynn Hynes. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1971. 41-53.
Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. London: Harper Collins, 1994.
---, Brave New World Revisited. New York: Harper & Row, 1958.
Heidegger, Martin. Being and Time. Trans. John Macquarrie & Edward Robinson.
Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1995.
---, “Letter on Humanism” Basic Writings: from Being and Time to The task of thinking (1964). Ed. David Farrell Krell. San Francisco, Calif.: HarperSanFrancisco, 1993.
---, “The question concerning technology” Basic Writings: from Being and Time to The task of thinking (1964). Ed. David Farrell Krell. San Francisco, Calif.: HarperSanFrancisco, 1993.
Hesiod. Hesiod. Trans. Glenn W. Most. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2006.
Hazlitt, Henry. “What’s Wrong with Utopia ?” Nation 17 February 1932. 204-06
Hammond, J. R. A George Orwell Companion: A Guide to the Novels, Documentaries, and Essays. London: Macmillan, 1982.
Hynes, Samuel Lynn, comp. Twentieth Century Interpretations of 1984: A Collection of Critical Essays. New York: Prentice–Hall, 1971.
Hochman, Jhan. “An Essay for Novels for Students.” Novels for Students: Presenting Analysis, Context and Criticism on Commonly Studied Novels. Vol. 8 Detroit, MI: Gale Research, 2000. 64-67.
Hunter, Lynette. George Orwell: The Search For a Voice. Milton Keynes, England: Open UP, 1984.
Hope, Ronald. “Aldous Huxley’s Philosophy.” Contemporary Review 278.1621 (2001)102-06.
Hesse, Herman. “die Neue Rundschau.” Trans. G. Wallis Field. Aldous Huxley: The Critical Heritage. Ed. Donald Watt. New York: Hall, 1996. 221-22.
Howe, Irving. “Orwell: History as Nightmare.” American Scholar 25. 2 Spring (1956): 197-99.
Holy Bible. Today’s English Version. New York: American Bible Society, 1995.
Jaspers, Karl. “Existenzphilosophie.” Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre. Ed. Walter Kaufmann. New York: Meridian, 1956. 131-205.
Kafka, Franz. The Metamorphosis and Other Stories. Trans. Stanley Appelbaum. New York: Dover, 1996.
Kateb, George. “The Road to 1984.” Twentieth Century Interpretations of 1984; A Collection of Critical Essays. Ed. Samuel Lynn Hynes. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1971. 73-87.
Kominkiewicz, Frances Bernard. “Heideggerian Existentialism and Social Work Practice with Death and Survivor Bereavement.” The Social Science Journal
43.1 (2006): 47-54.
Kierkegaard, Soren. The Essential Kierkegaard. Ed. Howard V. Hong and Edna H. Hong. Princeton: Princeton UP, 2000.
Klaic, Dragan. The Plot of the Future: Utopia and Dystopia in Modern Drama. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 1991.
Kass, Leon R. “Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World.” First Things: A Monthly Journal of Religion & Public Life 101 (2000): 51-52.
King, Almeda. “Christianity without Tears: Man without Humanity.” English Journal 57.6 (1968): 820-21.
Kumar, Krishan. Utopia and Anti-Utopia in Modern Times. Cambridge: B. Blackwell, 1991.
Kuehn, Robert E. Ed. Aldous Huxley: A Collection of Critical Essays. New York: Prentice Hall, 1974.
Kearney, Richard. “Heidegger, the Possible and God.” Martin Heidegger Critical Assessments. Vol. 4. Ed. Christopher Macann. New York: Routledge, 1992. 299-324.
Larsen, Peter M. “Synthetic Myths in Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World.” English Studies 62.6 (1981): 506-08. Ebscohost Online. 11 Jan 2007.
Levy, Neil. Sartre. Oxford: Oneworld, 2002.
Mcgiveron, Rafeeq O. “Huxley’s Brave New World.” Explicator 57.1 (1998)27-30. EBSCOhost. Online. 11 Jan. 2007.
Meckier, Jerome. “Aldous Huxley’s Americanization of the Brave New World Typescript.” Twentieth-Century Literature 48.4 Winter (2002): 427-60.
---. Aldous Huxley: Satire and Structure. London: Chatto & Windus, 1969.
Morson, Gary Saul. The Boundaries of Genre: Dostoevsky’s Diary of a Writer and the Traditions of Literary Utopia. Illinois: Northwestern UP, 1981.
Meyers, Jeffrey. A Reader’s Guide to George Orwell. Totowa, N. J.: Littlefield, Adams, 1977.
Morton, A. L. “A. L. Morton: From The English Utopia.” Twentieth Century Interpretations of 1984; A Collection of Critical Essays. Ed. Samuel Lynn Hynes. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1971. 109-11.
Napierkowski, Marie Rose and Deborah A. Stanley. Eds. Novels for Students: Presenting Analysis, Context and Criticism on Commonly Studied Novels. Vol. 8 Detroit, MI: Gale Research, 2000.
Orwell, George. Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four: Text, Sources, Criticism. Ed. Irving
Howe. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1963.
---. An Age Like This,1920-1940. Ed. Sonia Orwell and Ian Angus. London: Secker & Warburg, 1996.
Ortega, Mariana. “When Conscience Calls, Will Dasein Answer? Heidegger’s Authenticity and the possibility of Ethical life.” International Journal of Philosophical studies 13.1 (2005)15-34. Taylor& Francis Group, 2005.
Plato. The Republic. Baltimore: Penguin, 1974.
Place, Troy. “Orwell’s 1984.” Explicator 61. 2 (2003)108-11.
Rai, Alok. Orwell and The Politics Of Despair: A Critical Study of The Writings of George Orwell. New York: Cambridge UP, 1988.
Reilly, Patrick. George Orwell, The Age’s Adversary. New York: St.
Martin’s Press, 1980.
---. Nineteen Eighty-Four: Past, Present, and Future Boston: Twayne, 1989.
Roti, Richard. Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity. New York: Cambridge UP, 1989.
---. “The Last Intellectual in Europe.” George Orwell. Ed. Graham Holderness, Bryan Loughery and Nahem Yousaf. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998. 139-60.
Ramamurty, K. Bhaskara. Aldous Huxley: A Study of His Novels. New York: Asia, 1974.
Roubiczek, Paul. Existentialism for and against. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1966.
Shakespeare, William. Romeo and Juliet. Ed. Brian Gibbons. London: Methuen, 1980.
---. Macbeth. Ed. Kenneth Muir. London: Methuen, 1984.
Sartre, Jean Paul. Being and Nothingness. Trans. Hazel E. Barnes. New York: Gramercy Books, 1994.
---. Existentialism and Humanism. Trans. Philip Mairet. London: Methuen, 1948.
---. Jean-Paul Sartre: Basic Writings. Ed. Stephen Priest. New York: Routledge, 2001.
Schrag, Calvin O. Existence and Freedom: Towards an Ontology of Human Finitude. Northwestern UP, 1961.
Spender, Stephen. The Creative Element: A Study of Vision, Despair and Orthodoxy among Some Modern Writers. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1953. 137-38.
Strachy, John. “The Strangled Cry.” Twentieth Century Interpretations of 1984; A Collection of Critical Essays. Ed. Samuel Lynn Hynes. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1971. 54-61.
Sexton, James. “Brave New World and the Rationalization of Industry.” Critical Essays on Aldous Huxley. Ed. Jerome Meckier. New York: G. K. Hall, 1996. 88-102.
Symons, Julian. “Power and Corruption.” Times Literary Supplement 10 (1949): 380.
Sargisson, Lucy. Utopian Bodies and the Politics of Transgression. New York: Routledge, 2000.
Schmerl, Rudolf B. “The Two Future Worlds of Aldous Huxley.” PMLA 77. 3 (1962): 328-29.
Schrift, Alan D. Twentieth-Century French Philosophy: Key Themes and Thinkers. Malden: Blackwell, 2006.
Sibley, Mulford Q. Technology and Utopian Thought. Minneapolis: Burgess, 1971.
Strong, L. A. G. “L. A. G. Strong, review in Spectator.” Aldous Huxley: The Critical Heritage. Ed. Donald Watt. New York: Hall, 1996. 206-07.
Tolstoy, Leo. “The Death of Ivan Illich.” The Norton Anthology of World Masterpieces. Ed. Maynard Mack. New York: Norton, 1080. 1972-2019.
Warnock, Mary. Existentialism. New York: Oxford UP, 1988.
Wykes, David. A Preface to Orwell. New York: Longman, 1987.
Watt, Donald. “The Manuscript Revisions of Brave New World.” Critical Essays on Aldous Huxley. Ed. Jerome Meckier. New York: Hall, 1996. 73-87.
---. Ed. Aldous Huxley, The Critical Heritage. Boston: Routledge, 1975.
Westphal, Merold. “The Subjective Issue-Truth is Subjectivity.” Soren Kierkegaard: Critical Assessments of Leading Philosophers. Ed. Daniel W. Conway. New York: Routledge, 2002. 295-311.
Williams, Raymond. George Orwell. New York: Columbia UP, 1981.
Zamiatin, Yevgeny. We. Trans. Clarence Brown. New York: Penguin, 1993.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔