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研究生:陳曉蕙
研究生(外文):Hsiao-Hui Chen
論文名稱:馬婁之《帖木兒大帝》及《馬爾他的猶太人》中的權力、慾望與主體性
論文名稱(外文):Power, Desire, and Subjectivity in Christopher Marlowe''s Tamburlaine and Jew of Malta
指導教授:王儀君王儀君引用關係
指導教授(外文):I-Chun Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:英文
論文頁數:96
中文關鍵詞:帖木兒大帝馬爾他的猶太人馬婁慾望
外文關鍵詞:PowerDesireMarloweTamburlaineJew of Malta
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本論文旨在討論克里斯多佛•馬婁著名的兩部劇作《帖木兒大帝》及《馬爾他的猶太人》中角色們如何於追求權力與慾望滿足中,建立自我的價值與主體性。評論家們嘗試從多方面角度來檢視馬婁的作品,不論從政治層面、社會層面、歷史層面或是宗教層面,皆不約而同地強調與剖析劇中人物如何被永不滿足的慾望驅使及其慾望背後所呈現出的意涵。而本文則旨在探討於《帖木兒大帝》及《馬爾他的猶太人》中,劇中角色如何在不斷地藉由滿足其對權力或金錢的慾望中來建立自我的價值,同時,也討論劇作家如何表現在主角們不擇手段的方式背後所反應的偏執世界。
緒論一章提及馬婁獨特的劇作風格與其時代背景所造成的影響,並對近代評論家從心理與社會歷史層面評析其作品中權力與慾望之不可分關係做一整理。次章企圖由《帖木兒大帝》一連串的爭戰過程中,來檢視帖木兒大帝如何藉由雄辯長才與驍勇戰績建立其帝國及其個人主體性,並嘗試從檢視主角與週遭人物互動,來剖析帖木兒大帝之自我價值認定與宣揚中隱藏的荒謬與突顯出的問題。第三章主要探討在《馬爾他的猶太人》中,主角巴拉柏斯如何利用其權謀詐術於爾虞我詐、唯利主義的馬爾他城中藉由一連串的復仇行徑重新奪回其失去的財富與重塑自我價值。經由這兩齣劇作的探討,末章則歸結兩名主角在慾望滿足過程中,其不擇手段所衍生出的暴力與血腥謀殺其實是其自我價值建立的手段與方式,展現人性裡對於不斷超越現狀的永恆渴望,如何造就個體;但在追求極限的同時,也因未能察覺自身侷限,反遭遇自我毀滅的必然結局。
As a transition period from the Middle Age to modern times, Renaissance is renowned for its cultural magnitude and richness. Different from the Middle Age, Renaissance, as its name indicates, proceeds into cultural, social and economical rebirth and prosperity. Literary works in the time also achieve a high tide not only in quality but also in quantity. Among the sparkling Renaissance works, one of the distinguished achievements is English Drama. Christopher Marlowe, probably one of the most popular playwrights in his contemporary time, no doubt, stands a peculiar and distinguishing position in the early Renaissance English theater. In his short lifetime, he produced seven plays on various dramatic themes. Whether in the adaptation of mythological stories, like Dido, Queen of Carthage, or historical events such as, Edward II, Marlovian theatrical world always contains blooming vitality and grandeur language that may easily catch the viewer’s eyes. Marlowe’s plays usually center on the process of the fulfillment of a person’s desire and an individual’s pursue for personal achievement. It is not a task to observe certain patterns manipulated in Marlowe’s plays. For instance, in Dr. Faustus, Faustus exchanges his soul with Mephistopheles for omnipotent knowledge which for Faustus represents mighty power and strength. In Jew of Malta, Barabas, the Jew, by all means chases infinite riches and defends his wealth owing to that his self-esteem relies on the amount of gold. Tamburlaine, who is called the Scourge and Wrath of God, endlessly conquers country after country to establish his own empire as well as to prove his masculinity. These characters are driven by the innermost desire to prove their values that are mostly built on earthly success. Their accomplishment in turn nourishes their ambitions to pursue more success that brings them power. In the project, I attempt to detect the forming of selfhood in Christopher Marlowe’s two plays, Tamburlaine and The Jew of Malta. I would also like to dissect the interweaving relations between the heroes’ inner impetus and their repeated speeches as well as actions of claiming their existence and how their subjectivities are displayed in the space between the inner constructive power and their outer repeated actions for pursue of success.
Table of Contents

Chapter One……………………………………………………….1



Chapter Two……………………………………………………….21



Chapter Three……………………………………………………...54



Chapter Four……………………………………………………….78



Works Cited………………………………………………………88
Works Cited
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