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研究生:趙淑枝
研究生(外文):Shu-chih Chao
論文名稱:台灣產卷柏屬植物葉形態及分類意義之研究
論文名稱(外文):Leaf Morphology of Selaginella P. Beauv. and its Taxonomic Significance in Taiwan
指導教授:楊遠波楊遠波引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yuen-po Yang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:生物科學系研究所
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:96
中文關鍵詞:台灣腹葉背葉卷柏屬矽晶體
外文關鍵詞:Taiwanventraldorsalsilica bodySelaginella
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  • 被引用被引用:2
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利用光學顯微鏡和掃描式電子顯微鏡對台灣產卷柏屬16種植物的葉片排列、表皮細胞形態、氣孔分布、矽晶體於葉表面的分布和表皮細胞排列進行觀察。葉二形、呈四行排列,腹葉大於背葉。背葉背面與腹葉腹面的表皮細胞形態相似,矩形或長方形,垂周壁紋飾淺波浪形或波浪形;背葉腹面與腹葉背面的表皮細胞形態相似,近方形或矩形,垂周壁紋飾平直或淺波浪形。氣孔多分布於背葉背面與腹葉腹面。矽晶體於葉表面的分布有葉緣型、葉兩側型、全面分布型與無矽晶體型等共四型。矽晶體於表皮細胞上的排列有單行排列、多行排列、混合型與顆粒型等共四型。表皮細胞形態和氣孔分布等特徵在卷柏屬物種鑑定上是有用的,矽晶體的分布與排列於亞屬下具有鑑定價值。
Microphyll morphology of 16 Taiwanese species of Selagienlla was observed under light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Features studied include microphyll arrangement, epidermal cell morphology, stomal distribution, shape arrangement and distribution silica body on microphyll surface. Microphyll are dimorphic and 4-ranked arrangement, with ventral microphylls larger than the dorsal microphylls. The epidermal cells at dorsal side of dorsal microphylls and at ventral side of ventral microphylls are similar, which are tetragonal or oblong in shape and sinuolate or sinuate in anticlinal cell walls. The epidermis at ventral side of dorsal microphylls and dorsal side of ventral microphylls are similar, which are sub-square or rectangular in shape and straight or sinuolate in anticlinal walls. Stomata are mainly distributed on dorsal side of dorsal microphylls and ventral side of ventral microphylls. Four distribution patterns of are found on microphyll silica body, which are microphyll margin, midrib, homogeneity and nil patterns. Four types of arrangement of silica body on epidermal cells were recognized, namely single row, multi-row, mixed and globulate types. In Taiwan, the characters appeared in epidermal cell morphology and stomal distribution of microphyll are useful for species identification in Selaginella, while those of distribution at patterns and arrangement types of silica bodies on epidermal cells are valuable for the species identification under subgenus.
圖表目次 Ⅱ~Ⅳ
中文摘要 Ⅴ
英文摘要 Ⅵ
壹、前言 1
貳、研究材料與方法 3
參、結果 6
肆、討論 79
伍、參考文獻 84
陸、附錄 87
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