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研究生:林怡玲
研究生(外文):Yi-ling Lin
論文名稱:台灣產飄拂草屬植物之分類研究
論文名稱(外文):A Taxonomic Study on Fimbristylis Vahl (Cyperaceae) of Taiwan
指導教授:楊遠波楊遠波引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yuen-po Yang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:生物科學系研究所
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:133
中文關鍵詞:溼地雜草外來種形態可塑性
外文關鍵詞:morphological plasticityweedswetlandsaliens
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本研究利用外部形態、生態地理分佈與物候調查等資料,針對臺灣產飄拂草屬 (Fimbristylis Vahl) 植物進行分類研究。研究結果顯示,花柱與瘦果形態為區別台灣產飄拂屬植物之重要分類依據,瘦果表皮顯微形態的特徵分為5個類型,橫條紋皺縮、疣狀突起、平滑、網格、網格-疣狀突起,可運用於節 (section) 或系 (series)的分群,亦可作為劃分種間的輔助特徵。根據上述研究結果,將台灣產飄草屬處理為26個分類群,包含了23個種及3個變種,另有一個存疑種,將原先的台南飄拂草 (F. microcarya var. tainanensis) 回復成獨立種 F. tainanensis; 而絨毛飄拂草(F. tomentosa) 和 繖形飄拂草 (F. umbellaris) 並不存在於台灣地區,以往之記錄,是為將竹子飄拂草 (F. dichotoma) 和水虱草 (F. littoralis) 錯誤鑑定之結果;另外,土城飄拂草 (F. macassarensis) 因資料不足暫處理為存疑種。
The genus Fimbristylis in Taiwan was taxonomically revised based on morphological, phytogeographical, and ecological evidences. In this study, style and achene morphologies are the most valuable characters for the classification within the genus in Taiwan. The ornamentation of achene surface could be divided into 5 types, which are transversely rugulose, verruculose, smooth, reticulate, reticulate- verruculose. The results showed that these types are taxonomic characters for classification of section, series and species. Twenty-three species, three varieties, and one uncertain species as recognized in conclusion. Fimbristylis microcarya var. tainanensis (Ohwi) H. Y. Liu was elevated to specific status F. tainanemsis Ohwi. F. tomentosa Vahl and F. umbellaris (Lam.) Vahl do not occur in Taiwan in fact, which are previously erroneous identification of F. dichotoma (L.) Vahl and F. littoralis Guad., respectively. Additionally, F. macassarensis Steud. is treated as uncertain species due to insufficiency of evidence.
附表目次 II
附圖目次 III
中文摘要 IV
英文摘要 V
壹、前言 1
貳、前人研究 2
參、材料與方法 11
肆、形態特徵 14
伍、地理分布及物候 33
陸、分類處理 51
柒、討論 119
捌、引用文獻 121
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