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研究生:黃耀鋒
研究生(外文):Yao-Feng Huang
論文名稱:應用改良型安時累計法於鉛酸電池之電量及健康狀態估測
論文名稱(外文):An Enhanced State-of-Charge and State-of-Health Estimation Method Based on Ampere-Hour Counting for Lead-Acid Batteries
指導教授:莫清賢莫清賢引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chin-Sien Moo
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:53
中文關鍵詞:健康狀態電量狀態鉛酸電池放電深度安時累計法
外文關鍵詞:lead-acid batteriesstate-of-charge (SOC)depth of discharge (DOD)ampere-hour countingstate-of-health (SOH)
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本文針對鉛酸電池,提出改良型安時累計法,估測電量狀態。此方法利用放電深度作為估測健康狀態之準則,發展能同時估測電量及健康狀態之估測方法。不同的放電電流不但會造成不同程度損耗,而且以較大電流放電時,即使已經放至截止電壓,但內部仍有剩餘電量未被釋出。有鑒於此,將上述兩個因素加入評估考量,並利用電池放電終了時之最大可釋出電量再次評估健康狀態,以提升估測剩餘電量的準確度。最後,透過實驗測試模擬實際操作環境,根據實驗結果得知最大估測誤差小於6 %。
This thesis proposes an enhanced ampere-hour counting method based on the depth-of-discharge (DOD) to estimate the state-of-charge (SOC) and state-of-health (SOH) for lead-acid batteries. Not only the losses at different discharging currents, but also the releasable capacity at the exhausted state caused by the larger discharging current are considered and compensated. Furthermore, the SOH is revaluated at the exhausted state by the maximum releasable capacity, consequently leading to more accurate SOC estimation. Through the experiments that emulate practical operations, the experimental results reveal that the maximum error is less than 6 %.
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
目錄 III
圖表目錄 V
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景 1
1-2 研究動機與目的 2
1-3 論文大綱 4
第二章 鉛酸電池電量與老化估測技術 5
2-1 鉛酸電池構造與化學原理 5
2-2 電池的DOD、SOC與SOH之定義 6
2-3 影響鉛酸電池SOH的因素 7
2-4 電池SOC與SOH估測技術 8
2-5 實驗規劃 15
第三章 鉛酸電池電量估測及健康狀態評估 17
3-1 鉛酸電池充電特性 17
3-2 鉛酸電池放電特性 18
3-3 改良型安時累計法 24
第四章 電池電量與健康狀態估測之驗證實驗 28
4-1 SOC及SOH估測之驗證實驗 28
4-2 定電流之驗證實驗 29
4-3 兩段式電流之驗證實驗 32
4-4 隨機電流之驗證實驗 35
第五章 結論與未來研究方向 40
參考文獻 42
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