(3.237.20.246) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/15 10:09
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:郭彰仁
研究生(外文):Chang-Jen Kuo
論文名稱:社區居民參與環境改造之行為模式研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study of Community Residents’ Participation Behavior Model in Environmental Improvement Actions
指導教授:郭瑞坤郭瑞坤引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jui-Kun Kuo
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:公共事務管理研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:公共行政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:226
中文關鍵詞:社會認知論環境行動知識環境道德感結構方程模式負責任的環境行為模式計劃行為理論營造農村新風貌計畫營造都市社區新風貌計畫社區意識量表
外文關鍵詞:social cognitive theoryknowledge of environmental actionenvironmental moral obligationstructural equation modelingresponsible environmental behaviortheory of planned behaviorrural community landscape renaissance projecturban community landscape renaissance projectsense of community scale
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:23
  • 點閱點閱:632
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:6
環境問題是公共事務的一環,同時,實質環境的問題也是地區發展時一項重要議題。許多民眾參與的案例有很多都是從環境改造著手,因為,這是在地區發展相關工作中最容易看到成效的。從筆者過去實際參與城鄉風貌計畫的相關工作中,發現到在環境改造工作之中,人的因素是最重要的,社區環境改善成效比較好的,往往是民眾參與度較高的社區。
在講求效率與政府經費逐年縮減的狀況下,推動社區居民自發的參與環境改造可以讓社區環境永續經營,並間接促進地區的發展。有關社區居民參與環境改造工作,除了表現出對社區環境的關懷,也可能與其對環境的責任感、環境知識技能、自主控制等有關。因此本研究以社區居民為研究對象,有以下幾個研究目的: (1) 透過文獻探討,選取適合之社區意識量表,並驗證在台灣的適用性。 (2) 由相關理論建構社區居民參與環境改造的行為模式,並檢驗此模式之配適度。 (3) 探討影響社區居民參與環境改造行為的影響因素,並瞭解各因素之間的因果關係。 (4) 比較TPB(計畫行為理論)與本研究提出之架構兩者在解釋社區居民參與環境改造行為的解釋能力。
本研究以問卷調查法進行資料收集,以SEM(結構方程模式)為分析工具,並選取過去曾參與營建署「營造都市社區新風貌計畫」及農委會「營造農村新風貌計畫」之社區中的成員為研究標的,共計獲得有效問卷616份。並依「都市計畫區社區」與「非都市計畫區」,分別進行模式的建構與差異檢定。
研究架構包括計劃行為理論中之「態度」、「主觀規範」、「行為控制知覺」、「行為意圖」、「行為」;再加上社會認知理論中的「自我效能」、環境公民行為模式中的「環境行動知識」、及「環境道德觀」與「社區意識」,合計9個構面。本研究實證結果驗證了10個假設,有8個假設獲得支持,2個假設部分成立,結果說明如下: (1)「主觀規範」顯著影響參與環境改造行為的「參與態度」; (2)「參與態度」顯著影響參與環境改造行為的「行為傾向」; (3)「行為控制知覺」會顯著影響參與環境改造行為的「行為傾向」; (4)「社區意識」顯著影響參與環境改造行為的「行為傾向」; (5)「環境行動知識」會顯著影響「自我效能」感; (6)「自我效能」感會顯著影響「行為控制知覺」; (7)「環境道德感」顯著影響「參與態度」; (8)「參與行為傾向」會顯著影響參與環境改造的「行為」。另外部分成立的是: (1)非都市計畫區居民的「主觀規範」會顯著增進參與環境改造行為的「行為傾向」; (2)都市計畫社區居民與全體居民的「行為控制知覺」會顯著增進參與環境改造行為的「參與態度」。
另外本研究亦驗證了Tartaglia(2006)新提出的ISCS(義大利社區意識量表)量表在本研究上的適用性。同時本研究所提出的「社區居民參與環境改造行為模式」也證明在解釋居民參與環境改造行為的配適度與解釋能力略優於「計畫行為理論」的模式。
During the past decade, the environmental issue has been an important concern of public affairs because the problems generating from the physical environment are the main focus of local development. Generally, the most effective work of community development is to encourage people to participate in environmental improvement actions. For example, the literature has indicated that individual is the most important factor for environmental improvement actions. Thus, people who highly participate in the community affairs often have better performances on community improvement actions.
Base on an efficient society and the budget of government downsizing, promoting community residents to actively participate in environmental improvement actions would help the community environment management to be more sustainable and indirectly leading the local development. Concerning community environment, the responsibility for the community, knowledge of environmental action, and the ability of self-control might be correlated with the community residents’ participation behavior in environmental improvement actions. The purpose of study is to explore the relationships among sense of community, the knowledge of environmental action, environmental moral obligation, and participating environmental improvement actions. Four objectives are mainly specified: first, to develop a sense of community scale of Taiwanese population; second, to integrate theories to test a community participation behavior model in environmental improvement actions; third, to understand the influential factors of community residents participation in environmental improvement actions; finally, to compare and interpret community residents participation in environmental improvement behavior model and “Theory of Planned Behavior”.
This study surveyed community residents who ever participated in “urban community landscape renaissance project” supported by Construction and Planning Agency, and “rural community landscape renaissance project” founded by Soil and Water Conservation Bureau. A total of 616 community residents were administrated a self-report questionnaire. Further analysis of the data based on comparing respondent’s residence, respondents were grouped into to urban planning district group and non-urban planning district group. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) method was then employed to test a conceptual model.
There were nine domains proposed in the conceptual model. Five of nine domains adopted from planning behavioral theory included “attitude”, “subjective norm”, “perceived behavioral control”, “behavioral intention” and “behavior”. One of nine domains, “self-efficacy”, was chosen from social cognition theory. Two of nine domains from environmental citizen behavioral model were “knowledge of environmental action”, “environmental moral obligation”. “Sense of community” was referenced to the last domain. The findings provided support for eight hypotheses and two hypotheses were partial supported. The detailed descriptions of hypothesis-testing results were as below. Eight hypotheses supported, they included: (1) After residents reflected on the “subjective norm”, the “attitude” toward participating environmental reform behaviors was remarkably promoted. (2) Resident’s “attitude” significantly influenced their “behavioral intention” of participating environmental improvement behaviors. (3) Resident’s “perceived behavioral control” significantly impacted their “behavioral intention” of participate in environmental improvement behaviors. (4) Resident’s “sense of community” significantly impacted their “behavioral intention” of participating environmental improvement behaviors. (5) Resident’s “knowledge of environmental action” significantly impacted their “self-efficacy”. (6) Resident’s “self-efficacy” significantly effected their “perceived behavioral control”. (7) Resident’s “environmental moral obligation” significantly impacted their “attitude” of participating environmental improvement behaviors. (8) Resident’s “behavioral intention” significantly impacted their participating environmental improvement “behaviors”.
Two hypotheses were partial supported: (1) Only in non-urban planning district resident’s “subjective norm” significantly impacted their “behavioral intention” of participating environmental improvement behaviors. (2) Only in urban planning district and all districts resident’s “perceived behavioral control” significantly impacted their “attitude” of participating environmental improvement behaviors.
Additionally, the findings confirmed that Italian Sense of Community Scale (ISCS) was an appropriate scale to measure Taiwanese population’s sense of community. These findings provide researchers and practitioners for insight of resident’s participation in environmental improvement, which is better than “Theory of Planned Behavior”.
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究背景與動機 2
第二節 研究重要性與目的 4
第三節 研究流程與內容 8
第四節 研究範圍與限制 9
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 社區參與與社區意識
1. 社區參與的概念 11
2. 影響社區參與的因素 13
3. 社區參與的方式與衡量 15
4. 社區意識的概念 16
5. 社區意識的測量 17
第二節行為相關理論
1. 理性行動理論 22
2. 計畫行為理論 24
3. 社會認知理論與自我效能 28
第三節 環境行為相關模式
1. 知識-態度-行為模式 33
2. 利他行為模式 34
3. 負責任的環境行為模式 35
4. 環境公民行為模式 36
第四節 本章小結 38
第三章 研究設計
第一節 研究方法 41
第二節 研究假設與架構 41
第三節 問卷設計
1. 量表形成 47
2. 預試及資料分析 53
第四節 問卷調查對象及抽樣方法 56
第五節 資料分析方法
1. 驗證性因素分析介紹 58
2. 結構方程模式介紹 61
3. 資料分析流程 63
第四章 實證資料分析
第一節 問卷回收與樣本特徵 67
第二節 研究模式之變數縮減 73
1. 社區意識構面衡量變數縮減 74
2. 環境道德感構面衡量變數縮減 81
3. 環境行動知識構面衡量變數縮減 85
4. 自我效能構面衡量變數縮減 89
5. 行為控制知覺構面衡量變數縮減 93
6. 主觀規範意識構面衡量變數縮減 97
7. 參與態度構面衡量變數縮減 101
8. 參與行為傾向構面衡量變數縮減 105
第三節 研究模式之測量模式 107
1. 都市計畫區社區居民之測量模式 109
2. 非都市計畫區社區居民之測量模式 110
第四節 研究模式之結構模式 116
1. 都市計畫區社區居民參與環境改造行為之結構模式 119
2. 非都市計畫區社區居民參與環境改造行為之結構模式 123
3. 都市與非都市計畫區社區居民參與環境改造行為模式比較 127
4. 全體社區居民參與環境改造行為模式與計畫行為理論之比較 130
第五章 結論與建議
第一節 研究發現與討論
1. 研究目的達成情形 135
2. 修改計畫行為理論 137
3. 社區意識的影響驗證 138
4. 環境行動知識的影響驗證 138
5. 自我效能的影響驗證 139
6. 環境道德感的影響驗證 139
7. 參與行為傾向的影響驗證 140
8. 社區居民參與環境改造行為模式之討論 140
第二節 研究貢獻與建議
1. 對學術上的貢獻 142
2. 在實務上的建議 142
3. 計量方法的精進 146
第三節 研究限制與後續研究方向 147

參考文獻 151
附錄
附錄一 預試問卷 175
附錄二 正式問卷 179
附錄三 95、96年度營造都市社區新風貌計畫社區名單 183
附錄四 95、96年度營造農村新風貌計畫社區名單 187
附錄五 測量變數之平均數與標準差 193
附錄六 研究模式內各變數之共變數矩陣 197
參考文獻
中文部分
Osbome, D. & Gaebler, T. (1992),劉毓玲譯。新政府運動。台北市:天下文化出版。
王天佑、黃芳銘(1999)。中大學生環境認知、態度與行為調查研究。中大社會文化學報,8,189-216
王國川(1997)。計畫行為理論各成份量表之信、效度評估-以青少年搭機車帶安全帽之研究為例,國立中正大學學報,1,95-121。
丘昌泰(1999)。社區主義在環保政策過程中的困境與實踐。行政院國科會研究計畫專題報告。
余泰魁、李能慧(2001)。台灣地區北部民眾對金門旅遊滿意度模式之建構與實證,戶外遊憩研究,14(4),51-76。
吳守從(2006)。遊客環境態度與環境行為之研究-以七股黑面琵琶保護區為例。運動休閒管理學報,3(1),57-73。
吳汪易(2000)。社會福利社區化中社區居民參與社區福利服務之行為意向研究。國立中山大學公共事務管理研究所碩士論文。高雄。
吳坤良(1999)。老人的社區參與動機、參與程度與生活適應之相關研究。成人教育輔導季刊,16:38-46。
吳宜蓁(1996)。有線電視公益頻道規劃與社區意識的提昇。台北市:電視文化研究委員會。
吳忠宏、呂淑芬(2004)。國小六年級學童鄉土知識與態度之研究:以台中縣為例,2004年中華民國環境教育學術研討會論文集,(pp. 461-467)。國立高雄師範大學。(2004/10/15-17)。
吳忠宏、范莉雯、蘇珮玲(2003)。大學生參與生態旅遊行為意向之相關研究,環境與管理研究,4(1),1-28。
呂怡儒,2001,台北近郊森林地方感之研究。國立台灣大學森林學研究所碩士論文。台北。
宋郁玲、姜蘭虹(2002)。生態旅遊發展與社區參與-以高雄縣美濃鎮為例。地理學報,32,19-40。
李光中、王鑫(2003)。社區參與山林守護之管理一個行動研究架構的提議。2003國家公園登山研討會論文集(頁320-338)。台北:內政部。
李光中、王鑫(2004)。建立和評估自然保護區社區參與論壇之研究-以櫻花鈎吻鮭野生動物保護區為例。地理學報,36,1-22。
李明和(2002)。中部地區中學科學教師環境知識、態度及行為意向之研究,台中師範學院環境教育研究所碩士論文。台中市。
李秉真(1997)。社區實質環境、社會條件與社會福利間關係-以台北市萬芳社區為例,政大社會研究所碩士論文。台北市。
李思萍、林晏州(2001)。遊客對生態旅遊之環境態度與行為關係之研究-以關渡自然公園為例。戶外遊憩研究,14(3),15-36。
李柏慧、劉淑燕(2005)。民眾從事健走行為意圖之研究。大專體育學刊,7(1),147-156。
李茂能(2006)。結構方程模式軟體AMOS之簡介及其在測驗編制上之應用。台北市:心理出版社。
李能慧、古東源、吳桂森、余泰魁(2004)。金門觀光客行為傾向模式之建構,管理學報,21(1),131-151。
李堅萍(2006)。工藝技能學習成效與自我效能之相關性研究。藝術教育研究,12,39-64。
李增祿(1983)。社會福利與社區發展之研究。台中市:台中市社會工作研究服務中心。
沈桂枝(2001)。活動型老人之社區參與行為與社會支持之相關研究。國立台北護理學院護理系研究所碩士論文。台北市。
汪明生、陳正料、林錦郎(2005)。政府內部顧客參與行為研究:以都市垃圾清運業務委外案為例。公共行政學報,15,81-129。
林明瑞、陳柏言(2007)。社區營造對居民自然保育態度、行為模式影響之探討-以南投縣桃米生態社區為例。環境教育研究,5(1),73-129。
林清山(1988)。驗證性因素分析的理論及應用:修訂魏氏兒童智力量表之驗證性因素分析。測驗年刊,35,117-136。
林勝義(1990)。老人參與社區發展之研究。台北市:社區發展研究訓練中心。
林暉月(2001)。居民的社區意識與社區公共事務參與態度及方式關係之研究。國立中山大學公共事務管理研究所碩士論文。高雄。
林瑞欽(1994)。社區意識的概念--測量與提振策略。社區發展研究學刊,31,1-21。
邱上嘉、張燕琳(2001)。歷史街屋維護後再使用之環境行為研究--以「鹿港古蹟保存區」為例。大葉學報,10(1),1-12。
邱家範(2000)。高雄市家互資源回收行為整合模式研究,國立中山大學公共事務管理研究所碩士論文。高雄市。
邱皓政(2002)。量化研究與統計分析:SPSS中文視窗版資料分析範例解析(二版),台北市:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。
侯錦雄、宋念謙(1998)。台中市黎明住宅社區居民社區意識之研究。建築學報,24,51-65。
柯惇貿(1998)。社區居民對社區總體營造的認知與態度。逢甲大學建築及都市計畫研究所碩士論文。台中。
原友蘭、劉俊志(2004)。地方依附初探:一個實驗性的測量。第六屆休閒、遊憩、觀光學術研討會論文集,131-139。台北:台灣大學。
夏鑄九、林鍫、顏亮一(1992)。古市街與傳統聚落保存方式之研究。台北:行政院文化建設委員會。
徐 震(2001)。社區與社區發展。台北市:正中書局。
張紹勳(2004)。研究方法。台北市:滄海書局。
張鈺涓(2002)。參與員林社區大學繪本故事課程學員服務學習之研究。國立中正大學成人及繼續教育學系研究所碩士論文。嘉義。
莊煥銘、王淑娟(2003)。資訊系統採用行為意向之研究-以某大學為例。商管科技季刊,4(3),239-235。
許士軍(1996)。定性研究法在管理研究上的重要性。中原學報,24(2),1-3。
郭瑞坤、王春勝(2004)。地區發展相關因素整合居民結構區隔研究,戶外遊憩研究,17(1),23-49。
郭瑞坤、王春勝、賴正能(2007)。社區培力與社會資本:高雄居民認知觀點的探討。城市發展,3,110-134。
郭瑞坤、汪夢怡、邱鴻遠(2006)。影響大學教師參與社區公共事務因素之研究。公共事務評論,7(2),135-165。
陳正昌、程炳林(1994)。SPSS、SAS、BMDP 統計軟體在多變量統計上的應用。台北:五南圖書。
陳光華(2006)。生態旅遊旅客行為模式之建構-以旅遊動機為中介變項。休閒暨觀光產業研究,1(1),1-18。
陳茂祥(1985)。淺談一般社區理論。社區發展,8(32),32-41。
陳香妃、張金鶚、葉毅明(2007)。從集體行動看社區意識與管理制度對公寓大廈管理維護之影響-管理維護客觀績效與社區主委主觀滿意度分析,都市與計畫,34(2),139-163。
程炳林(1993)。二階驗證性因素分析之理論與運用,教育與心理研究,16,23-82。
黃富順(1994)。加強社區意識-建立祥和社會的途徑。社會發展學刊,1,23-33。
黃源協、蕭文高、劉素珍(2007)。社區意識及其影響因素之探索性研究。社會政策與社會工作學刊,11(2),1-33。
黃瑞茂、羅文貞(2001)。社區參與公共空間的營造-後竹圍公園的經驗研究。環境與藝術學刊,2,133-150。
楊冠政(1992)。環境行為相關變項之類別與組織。環境教育,15,10-24。
萬育維(1993)。老年人的再教育與社會參與。社區發展季刊,74,87-97。
葉國梁(1998)。城鄉地區國中學生資源回收信念、行為意圖差異研究。學校衛生,33,16-41。
葉國樑(1996)。鹿谷地區國中學生紙張回收行為意圖研究,衛生教育論文集刊,9,81-96。
葉國樑(1997)。城鄉地區國中學生資源回收行為意圖比較研究。台北:師大書苑。
靳知勤(1995)。由環境知識、態度與行為間的關係看環境教育目標之達成。環境教育季刊,23,31-39
靳知勤(1995)。由環境知識、態度與行為間的關係看環境教育目標之達成。環境教育季刊,23,31-39
廖俊松(2004)。社區營造與社區參與:金鈴園與邵社的觀察與學習。社區發展季刊,107,133-145。
趙宏邦(1999)。台北市社區民眾資源回收信念與行為意圖研究,國立台灣師範大學衛生教育研究所碩士論文。台北市。
趙育隆、林新沛(2006)。以後設分析法探討臺灣地區民眾人口變項與資源回收行為之關連性。環境與管理研究,7(2),1-13。
劉潔心、晏涵文(1997)。師範院校環境教育介入研究—著重師院學生負責任環境行為極其相關因素之成效分析。八十六年度環境教育研討會論文彙編,49-70。高雄市:高雄師範大學。
劉潔心、晏涵文、劉貴雲、邱詩揚、李佳容(2000)。社區居民綠色消費行為及相關之訊息傳播調查之研究。衛生教育學報,13,189-212。
蔡宏進(1985)。社區原理。台北市:三民書局。
蔡秀美(2004)。社區營造中社區增權展能概念與學習規劃之探討,成人及終身教育,1(1),11-18。
蔡祈賢(1996)。社區意識與社區發展,社會福利,124,21-26。
盧禹聰(1999)。一個模範都市社區之社區意識形成過程研究-以台南市金華社區為例。國立成功大學碩士論文。台南。
謝宏賜(1999)。社會認知理論探討網路搜尋策略。國立中山大學資訊管理學系研究所碩士論文。高雄市。
謝琛琦(2001)。銀行放款人員核貸行為之研究。國立高雄第一科技大學金融營運系碩士論文。高雄市。
魏郁祥(1999)。新興社區「社區意識」建構之過程-龍潭「百年大鎮」個案。國立台灣大學城鄉所碩士論文。台北。
鐘政偉、賀力行、謝宜伶、陳�痟�(2007)。地方居民態度對推動文化創意產業影響之研究-以苑裡鎮山腳社區為例。鄉村旅遊研究,1(1),59-88。
中文網頁文獻
內政部社會司(2007)。全國社區發展協會及社區活動中心數一覽表。查詢時間:2007年11月30日。http://sowf.moi.gov.tw/06/6/6-2.htm。
內政部營建署(2008)。創造城鄉新風貌計畫與規定。查詢時間:2008年6月2日。http://cpamicitytown.cpami.gov.tw/default01/default01.htm。
黃惠貞(2001)。激進的社會運動─921災變後的物、集體記憶與社區總體營造。網路社會學通訊期刊,12。查詢時間:2007年11月11日。http://mail.nhu.edu.tw/~society/e-j/12/12_15.htm。
英文文獻
Ahire, S. L., Golhar, D. Y., & Waller, M. A. (1996). Development and validation of TQM implementation constructs. Decision Sciences, 27(1): 23-56.
Ajzen, I. (1985). From intentions to actions: A theory of planned behavior, In Kuhl J. & Beckmann J. (Eds.), Action-control: from cognition to behavior (Springer series in social psychology), 11-39, Heidelberg: Springer.
Ajzen, I. (1988). Attitude, personality, and behavior, Milton Keynes : Open University Press.
Ajzen, I. (1991). The Theory of Planned Behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50: 179-211.
Ajzen, I. (2002). Perceived behavioral control, self-efficacy, locus of control, and the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32: 1-20.
Ajzen, I., & Driver, B. L. (1992). Application of the theory of planned behavior to leisure choice. Journal of Leisure Research, 24(3): 207-240.
Ajzen, I., & Fishbein, M. (1980). Understanding attitudes and predicting social behavior, Engelwood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Ajzen, I., & Madden, T. (1986). Prediction of Goal-Directed Behavior: Attitudes, Intentions, and Perceived Behavioral control. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 22: 453-474.
Ajzen, I., Timko, C., & White, J. B. (1982). Self-monitoring and the attitude-behavior relation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42: 426-435.
Ajzen. I., & Schmidt. P. (2003). Choice of travel mode in the theory of planned behavior:The roles of past behavior, habit, and reasoned action. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 25(3): 175–187.
Anderson, J. C. (1987). An approach for confirmatory measurement and structural equation modeling of organizational properties. Management Science, 33: 525-541.
Anderson, J. C., & Gerbing D. W. (1988). Structural Equation Modeling in Practice: A Review and Recommended Two Step Approach, Psychological Bulletin, 103: 411-423.
Anderson, J. C., & Gerbing D. W. (1988). Structural Equation Modeling in Practice: A Review and Recommended Two Step Approach, Psychological Bulletin, 103: 411-423.
Armitage, C. J., & Conner, M. (2001). Efficacy of a minimal intervention to reduce fat intake. Social Science and Medicine, 52: 1517-1524.
Arnstein, S. R. (1969). A Ladder of Participation,Journal of the American Institute of Planners, 35: 216-224.
Bagozzi, R. P., & Phillips, L. W. (1982). Representing and Testing Organizational Theories: A Holistic Construal. Administrative Science Quarterly, 27(3): 459-489.
Bagozzi, R. P., & Yi, Y. (1988). On the Evaluation for Structural Equation Models. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 16: 74-94.
Bamberg, S.(2003). How does environmental concern influence specific environmentally related behaviors? A new answer to an old question. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 23: 21-32.
Bandura, A. (1977). Social learning theory. NY: Prentice-Hall Inc.
Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
Bandura, A. (1991). Social cognitive theory of self-regulation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50: 248-287.
Baty, J.B., & Lee R.M.(1995). Intershop: Enhancing the Vendor/Customer Dialectic in Electronic Shopping. Journal of Management Information Systems, 11(4): 9-31.
Beck, L., & Ajzen, I. (1991). Predicting dishonest actions using the Theory of Planned Behavior. Journal of Research in Personality, 25: 285-301.
Beck, R. D., & Bargmann, R. E. (1996). Analysis of covariance structures. Psychometrika, 31: 507-534.
Bejar, I. (1980). Biased assessment of program impact due to psychometric artifacts. Psychological Bulletin, 87: 513-524.
Bentler, P. M. (1990). Comparative fit indexes in structural models. Psychological Bulletin, 107: 238-246
Bentler, P. M. (1992). On the fit of models to covariance and methodology to the bulletin, Psychological Bulletin, 112: 400-404.
Berger, I. (1993). A framework for understanding the relationship between environmental attitudes and consumer behaviors. In R. Varadarjan & B. Jaworski (Eds.), Marketing theory and application. (pp. 157-163).
Berger, I. E. (1997). The demographics of recycling and the structure of environmental behavior. Environment and Behavior, 29: 515-531.
Boldero, J. (1995), The prediction of household recycling of newspapers: The role of attitudes, intentions, and situational factors. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 25: 440-462.
Bollen, K. A. (1989). Structural Equations with Latent Variables. New York: Wiley.
Bratt, C. (1999). Consumers’ environmental behavior-generalized, sector-based,or compensatory? Environment and Behavior, 31: 28-44.
Brodsky, A. (1996). Resilient Single Mothers in Risky Neighborhoods: Negative Psychological Sense of community. Journal of community Psychology, 24(4): 347-363.
Brodsky, A.E., O’ Campo, J., & Aronson, R.E. (1999). PSOC in community context: Multi-level correlates of a measure of psychological sense of community in low-income, urban neighbourhoods. Journal of Community Psychology, 27: 659-680.
Burnkrant, R. E., & Page, Jr. T. J. (1982). An Examination of the Convergent, Discriminant, and Predictive Validity of Fishbein’s Behavioural Intention Model. Journal of Marketing Research, 19: 550-561.
Byrne, B. M. (1998). Structural equation modeling with LISREL, PRELIS and SIMPLIS: Basic concepts, applications and programming, New Jersey: Mahwh.
Byrne, B. M., Shavelson R. J., & Muthen, B. (1989). Testing for the Equivalence of Factor Covariance and Mean Structures: The Issue of Partial Measurement Invariance. Psychological Bulletin, 105: 456-466.
Carmines, E. and J. McIver (1981), Analyzing Models with Unobserved Variables: Analysis of Covariance Structure, In Social Measurement: Current Issues, G. Bohrnstedt and E. Borgatta, eds., Beverly Hills, Calif: Sage.
Chan, D. K. S., & Cheung, S. F. (1998). An examination of premarital sexual behavior among college students in Hong Kong. Psychology and Health, 13: 285-301.
Chan, D. K. S., & Fishbein M. (1993), Determinants of college women’s intentions to tell their partners to use condoms. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 23: 1445-1470.
Chang, M. K. (1998). Predicting Unethical Behavior: A Comparison of the Theory of Reasoned Action and the Theory of Planned Behavior. Journal of Business Ethics, 17: 1825-1834.
Chau, P. Y. K., Hu, P.J. (2001). Examining a model of information technology acceptance by individual professionals: An exploratory study. Journal of Management Information Systems, 18 (4): 191-229.
Chavis, D. M. (1990). Sense of community in the urban environment: A catalyst for participation and community development. American Journal of Community Psychology, 18(1): 55-81.
Chavis, D.M., Hogge, J.H., McMillan, W.D., & Wandersman, A. (1986). Sense of community through Brunswick’s lens: A first look. Journal of Community Psychology, 14: 24-40.
Chen, G., Gully, S.M., & Eden, D. (2001). Validation of a new general self-efficacy scale. Organizational Research Methods, 4: 62-83.
Cheung, G. W., & Rensvold, R. B. (2002). Evaluating goodness-of-fit indexes for testing measurement invariance. Structural Equation Modeling, 9: 233-255
Chin, W.W., & Todd, P. (1995). On the Use, Usefulness and Ease of Use of Structural Equation Modeling in MIS Research: A Note of Caution. MIS Quarterly, 19(2): 237-246.
Chipuer, H.M., & Pretty, G.M. (1999). A review of sense of community index: Current uses, factor structure, reliability and further development. Journal of Community Psychology, 27: 643-658.
Choi, J., & Geistfeld, L. V. (2004). A cross-cultural investigation of consumer e-shopping adoption, Journal of Economic Psychology, 25(6): 821-838.
Chruchill, G.A. Jr. (1979). A paradigm for developing better measures of marketing constructs. Journal of Marketing Research, 16(1): 64-73.
Chu, P. Y., & Chiu, J. F. (2003). Factors influencing household waste recycling behavior: Test of an integrated model. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 33: 604-626.
Culen, G. R., Hungerford, H. R., Tomera, A. N., Sivek, D. J., Harrington, M., & Squillo, M. (1986). A comparison of environmental perceptions and behaviors of five discrete populations. Journal of Environmental Education, 17(3): 24-32.
Davidson, W.B., & Cotter, P.R. (1986). Measurement of sense of community within the sphere of city. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 16: 608-619.
Davidson, W.B., & Cotter, P.R. (1989). Sense of community and political participation. Journal of Community Psychology, 17: 119-125.
Davis, F. D. (1993). User acceptance of information technology: System characteristics, user perceptions and behavioral impacts. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 38: 475-487.
Davis, F. D., Bagozzi, R. P., & Warshaw, P. R. (1989). User acceptance of computer technology: A comparison of two theoretical models. Management Science, 35(8): 982-1003.
Dishaw, M.T., & Strong, D. M. (1999). Extending the technology acceptance model with task-technology fit constructs. Information & Management, 36: 9-21.
Doll, W. J., Raghunathan T.S., Lim J.S., & Gupta, Y.P. (1995). A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the User Information Satisfaction Instrument. Information Systems Research, 6(2): 177-189.
Doll, W. J., Raghunathan T.S., Lim J.S., & Gupta, Y.P. (1995). A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the User Information Satisfaction Instrument. Information Systems Research, 6(2): 177-189.
Doll, W. J., Xia, W., & Torkzadeh, G. A. (1994). A Confirmatory Factor Analysisof the End-User Computing Satisfaction Instrument. MIS Quarterly, 18(4): 453-461.
Doolittle, R. & MacDonald. D. (1978). Communication and a sense of community in a metropolitan neighborhood: A factor analytic examination. Communication Quarterly, 26: 2-7.
Drasgow, F., & Kanfer, R. (1985). Equivalence of Psychological Measurement in Heterogeneous Populations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 70: 662-680.
Dulany, D. (1968). Awareness, Rules and Prepositional Control: A Confrontation with S-R behavior theory, In Dixon, T. R.& Horton, D. L. (Eds.), Verbal Behavior and General Behavior Theory, 560-589, NY: Prentice Hall.
Ebreo, A., Hershey, J., & Vining, J. (1999). Reducing solid waste: Linking recycling to environmentally responsible consumerism. Environment and Behavior, 31(1): 107-135.
Farrell, S. J., Aubry, T., & Coulombe, D. (2004). Neighborhoods and neighbors: Do they contribute to personal well-being? Journal of Community Psychology, 32(1): 9-25.
Fishbein, M., & Ajzen, I. (1975). Belief, attitude, intention and behavior: An introduction to theory and research: reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Fisher, A.T., & Sonn, C.C. (1999). Aspiration to community: Community responses to rejection. Journal of Community Psychology, 27: 715-726.
Fisher, A.T., & Sonn, C.C. (2002). Psychological sense of community in Australia and the challenges of change. Journal of Community Psychology, 30: 597-610.
Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating Structural Equation Models with Unbervables and Measurement Error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18: 39-50.
Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating Structural Equation Models with Unbervables and Measurement Error, Journal of Marketing Research, 18: 39-50.
Gerbing, D. W. and J. C. Anderson. 1992. Monte carlo evaluations of goodness- of- fit indexes for structural equation models. Sociological Methods and Research, 25: 186-192.
Gillilan, S., Werner, C. M., Olson, L., & Adams, D. (1996). Teaching the concept of precycling: A campaign and evaluation. The Journal of Environmental Education, 28(10): 11-18.
Gist, M. E., & Mitchell, T. R. (1992). Self-efficacy: A. theoretical analysis of its determinants and malleability. Academy of Management Review, 17(2): 183-211.
Glynn T. J. (1981). Psychological Sence of Community: Measurement and Application. Human Relations. 34(7); 789-818.
Godin, G., & Kok, G. (1996). The Theory of Planned Behavior: A Review of Its Application to Health-Related Behaviors. American Journal of Health Promotion, 11: 87-97.
Godin, G., & Shephard, R. J. (1986). Psychosocial factors influencing intentions to exercise of young students from grades 7 to 9. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 57(1): 41–52.
Godin, G., Valois, P., & Lepage, L. (1993). The pattern of influence of perceived behavioral control upon exercising behavior: An application of Ajzen’s theory of planned behavior. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 16: 81-102.
Grube, J. W., Morgan, M., & McGree S. T. (1986). Attitudes normative beliefs as predictor of smoking intentions and behaviors: A test of three models. British Intention of Social Psychology, 25: 81-93.
Guagnano, G. A., Stern, P. C., & Dietz, T. (1995). Influences on attitude-behavior relationships : A natural experiment with curbside recycling. Environment and Behavior, 27: 699-718.
Hairs, Jr. F., Anderson, R. E., Tatham, R. L., & Black, W. C. (2006). Multivariate Data Analysis, 6th ed., Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Hansen, T., Jensen, T. M. & Solgaard, H. S. (2004). Predicting online grocery buying intention: A comparison of the theory of reasoned action and the theory of planned behavior. International Journal of Information Management, 24(6): 539-550.
Harrison, A. W., Rainer, R. K., Hochwarter, W. A. & Thompson, K. R. (1997). Testing the self-efficacy-performance linkage of social-cognitive theory. The Journal of Social Psychology, 137(1): 79-87.
Hatcher, L. (1994). A step-by-step approach to using the SAS. system for factor analysis and structural equation modeling. Cary, NC: SAS Institute.
Hines, J. M., Hungerford, H. R., & Tomera, A. N. (1986/1987). Analysis and synthesis of research on responsible environmental behavior: A meta-analysis. Journal of Environmental Education, 18(2): 1-8.
Hopper, J. R., & Nielsen. (1991). Recycling as altruistic behavior: Normative and behavioral strategies to expand participation in a community recycling program. Environment and Behavior, 23(2): 195-220.
Hughey, J., Speer, P.W., & Peterson, N.A. (1999). Sense of community in community organizations: Structure and evidence of validity. Journal of Community Psychology, 27: 97-113.
Hungerford, H. R., & Volk, T. L. (1990). Changing learner behavior through environmental education. The Journal of Environmental Education, 21(3): 8-21.
Hungerford, H.R., & Peyton, R. B. (1977). A Paradigm of Environmental Action. (ERIC ED137116)
Hungerford,H.R. & Peyton,R.B. (1986). Procedure for Developing an nvironmental Education Curriculum.UNESCO: Paris.
Igbaria, M., Guimaraes T., & Davis, G. B. (1995). Testing the Determinants of Microcomputer Usages via a Structural Equation Model. Journal of Management Information Systems, 11(4): 87-114.
Igbaria, M., Schiffman, S. J., & Wieckowski, T. J. (1994). The respective roles of perceived usefulness and perceived fun in the acceptance of microcomputer technology. Behaviour and Information Technology, 13: 349-361.
Igbaria, M., Zinatelli, N., Cragg, P., & Cavaye, A. L. M. (1997). Personal Computing Acceptance Factors in Small Firms: A Structural Equation Model. MIS Quarterly, 21(3): 279-302.
Ittelson, W. H. (1978). Environmental perception and urban experience. Environment and Behavior, 10(20): 193-213.
Javenpaa, S.L., & Todd, P.A. (1997). Consumer reactions to electronic shopping on the World Wide Web. International Journal of Electronic Commerce, 1(2): 59-88.
Jöreskog, K. G., & Sörbom, D. (1992). LISREL: A Guide to the Program and Applications, 3nd edition, Chicago: Scientific Software International, Inc.
Karloy, P. (1993). Mechanisms of self-regulation: A systems view. Annual Review of Psychology, 44: 23-51.
Keil, M., Tan, B. C. Y., Wei, K., & Saarinen, T. (2000). A cross-cultural study on escalation of commitment behavior in software projects. MIS Quarterly, 24(2): 299-325.
Kuhn, R. G., & Jackson, E. L. (1989). Stability of factor structures in the measurement of public environmental attitudes. Journal of Environmental Education, 20: 27-32.
Kuo, J. K., Lai C. N., & Wang. C. S., (2008). Social participation and life satisfaction – from youth''s social capital perspective. The Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge. 12(2): 237-242.
Kurland, N. B. (1995). Ethical intentions and the theories of reasoned action and planned behavior. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 25: 297-313.
Lackey, A. S., & Dershem, L. (1992). The process pedagogy: What does community participation teach? Community Development Journal, 27(3): 220-234.
Lam, S-P. (1999). Predicting intentions to conserve water from the theory of planned behavior, perceived moral obligation and perceived water right. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 29: 1058-1071.
Lau, A. S. M., (2002). Strategies to motivate brokers adopting on-line trading in Hong Kong financial market, Review of pacific Basin Financial Markets and Policies, 5(4): 471-489.
Liker, J. K., & Sindi, A. A. (1997). User Acceptance of Expert systems: A Test of the Theory of Reasoned Action. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 14: 147-173.
Long, A.D., & Perkins, D.D. (2003). Confirmatory factor analysis of the sense of community index and development of a brief SCI. Journal of Community Psychology, 31: 279-296.
Luyben, P. D. (1980). Effect of informational prompts on energy conse-rvation in college classrooms. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 13(4): 611-617.
Lynner, G. D., Casey, C. F, Hodges, A., & Rahmani, M. (1995). Conservation Technology Adoption Decisions and the Theory of Planned Behavior. Journal of Economic Psychology, 16: 581-598.
Lyons, E., & Breakwell, G. M. (1994). Factors predicting environmental concern and indifference in 13 to 16-year-olds. Environment and Behavior, 26(2): 223-238.
Lyons, M., Smuts C., & Stephens, A. (2001). Participation, empowerment and sustainability: (How) do the link work? Urban Studies, 38(8): 1233-1251.
MacCallum, R. C., & Hong, S. (1997). Power analysis in covariance structure modeling using GFI and AGFI. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 32: 193-210.
MacCallum, R. C., Browne, M. W., & Sugawara, H. M. (1996). Power analysis and determination of sample size for covariance structure modeling. Psychological Methods, 1: 130-149.
MacCallum, R. C., Roznowski, M., Mar C. M., & Reith, J. V. (1994). Alternative Strategies for Cross-Validation of Covariance Structure Models. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 29(1): 1-32.
Mainieri, T., Barnett, E. G., Unipan, J., & Oskamp, S. (1997). Green buying: The influence of environmental concern on consumer behavior. TheJournal of Social Psychology, 137(2): 189-204.
Manoj. S & Amar. K.(2007). Theory of Reasoned Action & Theory of Planned Behavior in Alcohol and Drug Education. Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education, 51 (1): 3-7.
Marcinkowski, T. J. (1998). Ananalysis of correlates and predictor of responsible environmental behavior. Dissertation Abstracts International, 49(12): 3677-A.
Marsh, H. W., & Hocevar, D. (1985). The application of confirmatory factor analysis to the study of self-concept: First and higher order factor structures and their invariance across age groups. Psychological Bulletin, 97: 562-582.
Marsh, H. W., Balla, J. R., & McDonald, R. P. (1988). Goodness-of-fit indices in confirmatory factor analysis: The effect of sample size. Psychological Bulletin, 103: 391-410.
Mathieson, K. (1991). Predicting User Intentions: Comparing the Technology Acceptance Model with the Theory of Planned Behavior. Information System Research, 2(3): 173-191.
McDonald, R. P., & Marsh, H. W. (1990).Choosing a multivariate model: Noncentrality and goodness of fit. Psychological Bulletin, 107: 247-255.
McMillan, D. W. & Chavis, M.D. (1986). Sense of community: A definition and theory. Journal of Community Psychology, 14: 6-22.
McMillan, D.W. (1996). Sense of community. Journal of Community Psychology, 24(4): 315-325.
Moon, J.W. & Kim, Y. G.(2001). Extending the TAM for a World-Wide-Web context. Information and Management ,38(4): 217-230.
Mykytyn, P. P., & Harrison, D. A. (1993). The application of the theory of reasoned action to senior management and strategic information systems. Information Resources Management Journal, 6(2): 15-26.
Nunnally, J. C., & Berstein, I. H. (1994). Psychometric theory, New York: McGraw-Hill.
Nunnally, J. C., & Berstein, I. H. (1994). Psychometric theory, New York: McGraw-Hill.
Obst, P., Smith, S.G., & Zinkiewicz, L. (2002). An exploration of sense of community, part 3: Dimension and predictors of psychological sense of community in geographical communities. Journal of Community Psychology, 30: 119-133.
Ohmer, M., & Beck, E. (2006). Citizen participation in neighborhood organizations in poor communities and its relationship to neighborhood and organizational collective efficacy. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 33(1): 179-202.
Oliver, R. L., & Bearden, W. O. (1985). Crossover effects in the theory of reasoned action: a. moderating influence attempt. Journal of Consumer Research, 12 (December): 324-340.
Oskamp S., M.J., Harrington, T.C. Edwards , D.L. Sherwood, S.M. Okuda and D.C. Swanson (1991). Factors Influencing Household Recycling Behavior, Environment and Behavior, 23(4): 494-519.
Parker, D. Manstead, A.S.R., & Stradling, S.G. (1995), Extending the theory of planned behavior: The role of personal norm. British Journal of Social Psychology, 34: 127-137.
Paul, S. (1987). Community participation in development projects: The World Bank experience. World bank Discussion Paper No. 6. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Perkins, D., Florin, P., Rich, R., Wandersman, A., & Chavis, D.M. (1990). Participation and the social and physical environment of residential blocks: Crime and community context. American Journal of Community Psychology, 18: 83-115.
Peterson, N.A., Speer, P.W., & Hughey, J. (2006). Measuring sense of community: A methodological interpretation of the factor structure debate. Journal of Community Psychology, 34: 453-469.
Poplin,D. E. (1979). Community: A survey of theories and methods of research. New York: Macmillan.
Prezza, M., & Costantini, S. (1998). Sense of community and life satisfaction: Investigation in three different contexts. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 8: 181-194.
Prezza, M., Amici, M., Roberti, T., & Tedeschi, G. (2001). Sense of community referred to the whole town: its relations with neighbouring, loneliness, life satisfaction and area of residence. Journal of Community Psychology, 29: 29-52.
Prezza, M., Costantini, S., Chiarolanza, V., & Di Marco, S. (1999). La scala italiana del senso dicomunita [The Italian Sense of Community Scale]. Psicologia della salute, 3/4: 135-159.
Puddifoot, J.E. (1996). Some initial considerations in the measurement of community identity. Journal of Community Psychology, 24: 327-336.
Ramsey, J. M., Hungerford, H. R. and Volk, T. (1989). A technique for analyzing environmental issues. Journal of Environmental Education, 21(1): 26-30.
Ramsey,J. M. (1993).The effects of issue investigation and action training on eighth-grade students'' environmental behavior. The Journal of Environmental Education, 24(3): 3-36.
Rappaport, J. (1981). In Parise of paradox: A social policy of empowerment over prevention. American Journal of Community Psychology, 9: 1-26.
Reilly, T. (1995). Anecessary and sufficient condition for identification of confirmatory factor analysis models of complexity one, Sociological Methods and Research, 23(4): 105-113.
Reinecke, J., Schmidt, P., & Ajzen, I. (1996). Application of the theory of planned behavior to adolescents’ condom use: A panel study. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 26: 749-772.
Relph, E. (1974). Place and Placelessness, London: Pion Ltd.
Renn. O., Webler. T., & Wiedemann. P. (1995). Fairness and competence in citizen participation: Evaluating models for environmental discourse. London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Rhodes, R. E., & Courneya, K. S. (2003). Investigating multiple components of attitudes, subjective. norm, and perceived control: An examination of the theory of planned behavior in the exercise domain. British Journal of Social Psychology, 42: 129-146.
Rhodes, R.E., Courneya, K.S., & Jones, L.W. (2004). Personality and social cognitive influences on exercise behavior: Adding the activity trait to the theory of planned behavior. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 5: 243-254.
Rigdon, E. E. (1995). Anecessary and sufficient identificatio rule for structural models estimated in practice, Multivariate Behavior Research, 30(3), 359-383.
Rock, D. A., Werts, C. E,. & Flaugher, R. L. (1978). The use of analysis of covariance structures for comparing the psychometric properties of multiple variables across populations. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 13: 403-418.
Ryan, M. J., & Bonfield, E. H. (1975). The Fishbein extended model and consumer behavior. Journal of Consumer Research, 2: 118-36.
Ryu, S., Ho, S.H., & Han, I. (2003). Knowledge Sharing Behavior of Physicians in. Hospitals. Expert Systems with Applications, 25: 113-122.
Schunk, D. H. & Zimmerman, B. J. (Eds.). (1998). Self-regulated learning: From teaching to self-reflective practice. New York: Guilford Press. (Chinese version)
Schunk, D. H. (1994). Self-regulation of self-efficacy and attributions in academic settings, In Schunk, D. H., & Zimmerman, B. J. (Eds.), Self-regulation of learning and performance: Issues and educational applications, 75-100, Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Schwartz, S. H. (1977). Normative influences on altruism. In L. Berkowitz(ed.), Advance in Experimental Social Psychology, 221-297. NY: Academic Press.
Sharma, S. (1996). Applied multivariate technique, New York: John Wiely & Sons.
Sheeran P., & Taylor S. (1999). Predicting intentions to use condoms: A meta-analysis and comparison of the theories of reasoned action and planned behavior. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 298, 1624-1675.
Sheeran, P., & Orbell, S. (1999). Implementation intentions and repeated behaviours: Enhancing the predictive validity of the theory of planned behaviour. European Journal of Social Psychology, 29: 349-369.
Sheeran, P., Trafimow, D., Finlay, K. A. & Norman, P. (2002). Evidence that the type of person affects the strength of the perceived behavioural control- intention relationship, British Journal of Social Psychology, 41: 253-270.
Sheng, Y. K. (1989). Community participation in low-income.housing projects: Problems and prospects. Community Development Jaurnal, 25(1): 56-65.
Sheppard, B.H., Hartwick, J., & Warshaw, P. R. (1988). The Theory of Reasoned Action: A Meta Analysis of Past Research with Recommendations for Modifications and Future Research. Journal of Consumer Research, 15(December): 325-343.
Shimp, T. A., & Kavas, A. (1984). The theory of reasoned action applied to coupon usage. Journal of Consumer Research, 11(3): 795-809.
Sia, A. P., Hungerford, H. R., & Tomera, A. N. (1985). Selected predictors of responsible environmental behavior: An analysis. The Journal of Environmental Education, 17(2): 31-40.
Siero, W. F., Bakker, B. A., Dekker, G. B., Marcel, T. C., & Burg, V. D.(1996). Changing organizational energy consumption behavior through comparative feedback. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 16: 235-246.
Simmons, D. A. (1991). Are we meeting the goal of responsible environmental behavior? An examination of nature and environmental education center goals. The Journal of Environmental Education, 23(2): 24-33.
Sivek, D. J., & Hungerford, H. R. (1990). Predictors of responsible behavior in members of three Wisconsin conservation organizations. The Journal of Environmental Education, 21(2): 35-40
Sivek, D. J.and Hungerford, H. R. (1990). Predictors of responsible behavior in members of three Wisconsin conservation organizations. The Journal of Environmental Education, 21(2): 35-40.
Stern, P. C. (2000). Toward a coherent theory of environmentally significant behavior. Journal of Social Issues, 56: 407-424.
Stern, P. C., Dietz, T., & Guagnano, G. A. (1995). The new ecological paradigm in social-psychological context. Environment and Behavior, 27: 723-743.
Tanaka, J. (1987). How big is enouge? Sample size and goodness-of-fit in structural equation models with latent variables. Child Development, 58(1): 134-146.
Tanner, T. (1980) Significant life experience: a new research area in environmental education. Journal of Environmental Education, 11(4): 20-24.
Tartaglia, S. (2006). A preliminary study for a new model of sense of community. Journal of Community Psychology , 34(1): 25-36.
Taylor, S., & Todd, P. (1995). Assessing IT usage: The role of prior experience. MIS Quarterly, 19(4): 561-570.
Thompson, R.L., Higgins, C. A., & Howell, J. M. (1991). Personal computing: Toward a conceptual model of utilization. MIS Quarterly, 14(1): 125-143.
Tsang, E. W. K. (2002). Acquiring knowledge by foreign partners from international joint ventures in a transition economy: learning-by-doing and learning myopia, Strategic Management Journal, 23: 835-854.
UNCHS. (1983). Community participation in the execution of low-income housing projects. Nairobi: United Nation Center for Human Settlement.
Unger, D. G. & Wandersman. A. (1985). The importance of neighbors: The social, cognitive, and affective components of neighboring. American Journal of Community Psychology, 13: 139-169.
Vallerand, R. J., & Bissonnette, R. (1992). Intrinsic, extrinsic, and a motivational styles as predictors of behavior: A prospective study. Journal of Personality, 60: 599-620.
Van-Ryn, M., Lytle, L. A., & Kirscht, J. P. (1996). A test of the theory of planned behavior for two health-related practices. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 26: 871-883.
Venkatesh, V., & Davis, F. D. (2000). A theoretical extension of the technology acceptance model: four longitudinal field studies. Management Science, 46(2): 186-204.
Venkatraman, N. (1989). Strategic orientation of business enterprises: The construct, dimensionality, and measurement. Management Science, 35: 942-962.
Warshaw, P. R. (1980). A New Model for Predicting Behavioral Intentions: An Alternative to Fishbein. Journal of Marketing Research, 17(3): 153-172.
Warzecha, C, A., & Lime, D.W. (2001). Place Attachment in Canyonlands National Parks: Visitors’ assessment of setting attributes on the Colorado and Green Rivers. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 19(1); 59-78 .
William. B. D. & Partick. R. C.(1989). Sense of community and political participation. Journal of Community Psychology, 17: 119-125.
Wood, R., & Bandura, A. (1989). Social cognitive theory of organizational management. Academy of Management Review, 14(3): 361-384.
Yoo, B., Donthu, N., & Lee, S. (2000). An examination of selected marketing mix elements and brand equity. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 28(2): 195-211.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
1. 王天佑、黃芳銘(1999)。中大學生環境認知、態度與行為調查研究。中大社會文化學報,8,189-216
2. 王國川(1997)。計畫行為理論各成份量表之信、效度評估-以青少年搭機車帶安全帽之研究為例,國立中正大學學報,1,95-121。
3. 余泰魁、李能慧(2001)。台灣地區北部民眾對金門旅遊滿意度模式之建構與實證,戶外遊憩研究,14(4),51-76。
4. 吳守從(2006)。遊客環境態度與環境行為之研究-以七股黑面琵琶保護區為例。運動休閒管理學報,3(1),57-73。
5. 吳忠宏、范莉雯、蘇珮玲(2003)。大學生參與生態旅遊行為意向之相關研究,環境與管理研究,4(1),1-28。
6. 宋郁玲、姜蘭虹(2002)。生態旅遊發展與社區參與-以高雄縣美濃鎮為例。地理學報,32,19-40。
7. 李光中、王鑫(2004)。建立和評估自然保護區社區參與論壇之研究-以櫻花鈎吻鮭野生動物保護區為例。地理學報,36,1-22。
8. 李柏慧、劉淑燕(2005)。民眾從事健走行為意圖之研究。大專體育學刊,7(1),147-156。
9. 李能慧、古東源、吳桂森、余泰魁(2004)。金門觀光客行為傾向模式之建構,管理學報,21(1),131-151。
10. 李堅萍(2006)。工藝技能學習成效與自我效能之相關性研究。藝術教育研究,12,39-64。
11. 林明瑞、陳柏言(2007)。社區營造對居民自然保育態度、行為模式影響之探討-以南投縣桃米生態社區為例。環境教育研究,5(1),73-129。
12. 林清山(1988)。驗證性因素分析的理論及應用:修訂魏氏兒童智力量表之驗證性因素分析。測驗年刊,35,117-136。
13. 邱上嘉、張燕琳(2001)。歷史街屋維護後再使用之環境行為研究--以「鹿港古蹟保存區」為例。大葉學報,10(1),1-12。
14. 侯錦雄、宋念謙(1998)。台中市黎明住宅社區居民社區意識之研究。建築學報,24,51-65。
15. 莊煥銘、王淑娟(2003)。資訊系統採用行為意向之研究-以某大學為例。商管科技季刊,4(3),239-235。
 
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔