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研究生:賴怡均
研究生(外文):Lai, Yi-Chun
論文名稱:禽流感爆發對家禽養殖業者的社會、經濟及心理健康影響之探討
論文名稱(外文):Influence of the Avian Influenza Outbreak on Social-economical Status and Mental Health of Domestic Poultry Industry Workers in Taiwan
指導教授:陳楚杰陳楚杰引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen, Chu-Chieh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立台北護理學院
系所名稱:醫護管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:醫管學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:112
中文關鍵詞:禽流感家禽養殖業者心理健康
外文關鍵詞:avian influenzapoultry industry workersmental health
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
背景:禽流感大流行對社會經濟與醫療體系的衝擊甚鉅,雖然目前台灣仍屬高病原性禽流感之非疫區,但可預知一旦爆人傳人疫情,面臨第一線感染危險的相關從業人員,因直接面對生命威脅及財物損失,身、心、靈各方面必將承受極大的壓力。此外我國目前尚未有禽流感疫情對相關從業人員心理壓力之影響等研究。
目的:探討禽流感可能的疫情爆發對家禽養殖業者社會、經濟的影響,及探討家禽養殖業者的心理健康狀況及其相關因素。
方法:本研究採用結構式問卷進行全國性普查,母群體為中華民國96年度養雞協會及養鴨協會登記之養殖業者3,412人,其中養雞業者2,346人,養鴨業者1,066人。共寄發3.412份問卷,回收511份,有效樣本共496份,問卷回收率為14.54%。並以SPSS14.0版套裝軟體進行資料處理與統計分析。
結果:研究發現,在經濟層面方面,禽流感爆發對9成以上家禽養殖業者之工作造成影響,有8成以上認為雞或鴨的銷售量有受到影響,6成以上業者收入損失超過30%,6成以上家庭所得的收入受到很大的影響,近4成業者覺得養雞養鴨工作沒什麼前景者,有高達97 %受訪者認為政府應該要積極介入補償措施。在社會層面方面,與親友往來情形不佳者、對禽流感感到害怕者、對家禽產業抱持不樂觀者其心理健康為高危險群的機率越高。此外在家禽養殖人員心理健康狀況方面,受訪者心理健康狀況不佳之比例偏高(26.8 %),尤其女性及合夥之業者心理健康狀況不佳所佔之比例較高。
結論:有超過四分之一之受訪者心理健康狀況欠佳,其中以女性及職業型態為合夥者,心理健康狀況較不佳。建議政府應結合社政單位掌握業者之心理健康狀況,針對異常個案即時提供輔導與協助,並定期提供養殖業者正確的疫情資訊,減少業者心理的恐慌。
Background: The recent outbreak of avian influenza has huge influence on society, economy and health care institutions in Taiwan. Despite Taiwan being free of high pathogenic avian influenza, if avian influenza develops a pattern of human-to-human H5N1 transmission, poultry industry workers can be expected to suffer huge mental, psychological and physical stress, given the high financial and health risks they would then be facing. Unfortunately, no previous studies have examined the influence of H5N1 outbreak on the mental health of poultry industry workers.
Objectives: To investigate the influence of H5N1 breakout on poultry industry workers, specifically in terms of their social-economic status, mental health situation and other related factors.
Methods: This study used a structured questionnaire design. The study population comprised the 3,412 registered poultry farm workers listed in records of the Poultry Association of the Republic of China (2,346 workers) and the Duck Association of the Republic of China (1, 066). Among the 3,412 questionnaires mailed out, 511 were returned, of which 496 were valid. The response rate was thus 14.54%. The SPSS 14.0 statistical package was used for the analysis.
Results: The analytical results demonstrated that H5N1 outbreak has major economic consequences for the poultry farming industry. Poultry farming industry workers responded that, the industry was seriously affected by the H5N1 outbreak (>90 % ), with poultry sales volume having significantly declined (> 80 %), the industry suffering profit declines exceeding 30% (> 60 %), and family income suffering (>60 %). Respondents also felt there was no future left for the poultry farming industry(>40 %), and that government should provide more compensation to industry participants to cover their losses (>97 %). The H5N1 outbreak also had a considerable social influence on poultry industry workers. Workers with few connections to other friends or relatives, who feared H5N1, and who were pessimistic regarding the future of the poultry industry had an increased risk of mental health problems. Additionally, a higher proportion of subjects had an unhealthy mental condition ( 26.8 %), particularly female workers and those with money invested in the industry.
Conclusions: Over a quarter of poultry industry workers surveyed in this study had poor mental health, particularly female workers and those with money invested in the industry. The government should more actively integrate the social support system to help and support those in need. Additionally, to minimize panic among poultry industry workers, accurate epidemic information should be promptly made available.
致謝............................................................... I
中文摘要...........................................................II
英文摘要......................................................... III
目錄.............................................................. IV
表目錄.............................................................V
圖目錄.............................................................VI
第一章 緒論………………………………………………………………………………1
第一節 研究背景與動機…………………………………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的…………………………………………………………………………3
第三節 研究重要性………………………………………………………………………4
第二章 文獻探討…………………………………………………………………………8
第一節 禽流感……………………………………………………………………………8
第二節 心理健康及相關研究……………………………………………………………15
第三節 傳染性疾病對社會、經濟層面的衝擊及相關研究……………………………33
第四節 總結………………………………………………………………………………42
第三章 研究方法…………………………………………………………………………43
第一節 研究概念架構……………………………………………………………………43
第二節 研究設計與研究對象……………………………………………………………48
第三節 研究工具 …………………………………………………………………………48
第四節 資料收集過程……………………………………………………………………53
第五節 資料分析…………………………………………………………………………54
第六節 倫理考量…………………………………………………………………………61
第七節 總結………………………………………………………………………………61
第四章 研究結果…………………………………………………………………………62
第一節 研究工具的效度與信度分析……………………………………………………62
第二節 研究樣本特性……………………………………………………………………64
第三節 家禽養殖業者社會、經濟面影響及其心理健康狀況之描述性分析…………69
第四節 各研究變項間之相關性分析……………………………………………………79
第五節 研究變項與心理健康狀況之推論性統計分析…………………………………84
第五章 討論與建議………………………………………………………………………87
第一節 討論………………………………………………………………………………87
第二節 研究限制…………………………………………………………………………89
第三節 結論與建議………………………………………………………………………90
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