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研究生:許孟霖
研究生(外文):Meng-Lin Hsu
論文名稱:八週被動反覆等速肌力訓練對比目魚肌交互抑制之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effects of 8 Weeks Passive Repetitive Isokinetic Training on Reciprocal Inhibition of Soleus Muscle
指導教授:林晉利林晉利引用關係張雅如張雅如引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣體育大學(桃園)
系所名稱:運動傷害防護研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:運動休閒及休閒管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:74
中文關鍵詞:H反射被動反覆等速肌力訓練交互抑制神經適應
外文關鍵詞:Reciprocal inhibitionH-reflexNeural adaptationPassive repetitive isokinetic training
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被動反覆等速肌力訓練(Passive Repetitive Isokinetic Training,簡稱PRI訓練)是根據衝擊式訓練所發展訓練肌力與爆發力的訓練法,特色是可以讓訓練肌群持續的等速收縮。PRI訓練時的肌肉肌電活動比一般重量訓練法高,可以在訓練時徵招到較多的運動單元,訓練效果也證實可以有效增加肌力與爆發力,在增加爆發力方面效果優於傳統重量訓練。PRI訓練的特性被認為來自對神經肌肉系統的影響與傳統重量訓練不同。交互抑制是動作控制重要的神經機制,當主動肌收縮時抑制拮抗肌的活動,減少拮抗肌的活動被認為是肌力訓練初期肌力增加的原因之ㄧ。本研究的目的是研究八週PRI訓練之後交互抑制強度、下肢最大等長肌力與垂直跳高度是否會改變,以及交互抑制變化與下肢最大等長肌力與垂直跳高度變化是否相關。九位長庚大學棒球隊隊員參與訓練組,七位健康大學學生參與控制組。交互抑制測試包括雙突觸交互抑制(disynaptic inhibition)、D1抑制、D2抑制。實驗結果顯示:(1) PRI訓練後下肢最大等長肌力增加;(2) PRI訓練後交互抑制強度都沒有明顯改變;(3) PRI訓練後下肢最大等長肌力增加與D2抑制增加呈正相關。有多種因素可能使八週PRI訓練後交互抑制強度並未改變,最可能是訊練造成的改變不夠明顯,但是從D2抑制增加與下肢最大等長肌力增加的相關還是可以推論PRI訓練後肌力增加與交互抑制強度增加有關。
Passive Repetitive Isokinetic Training (PRI training) is a plyometric-based training method, which can improve the muscle strength and power for athletes. One of the major features is to enhance the consistent muscle isokinetic contraction. The PRI training shows greater EMG activity when compared to the muscle activation during general muscle strengthening programs. This implies greater amount of motor units might be recruited during the PRI training. Previous studies have demonstrated that muscle strength and muscle power significantly increase after the PRI training. It has been speculated that PRI training might induce the different neuromuscular adaptation when compared to the traditional training methods. Reciprocal inhibition is one of the important neuromuscular mechanisms for increasing muscle strength during the early training stage. The purpose of this study is to investigate the differences in reciprocal inhibition, lower extremity isometric muscle strength, and vertical jump after eight-week PRI training. Nine college baseball team players participated in the training group while seven healthy college students joined the control group. The reciprocal inhibition tests included disynaptic inhibition, D1 inhibition, and D2 inhibition. The results showed that: (1) an increase in isometric muscle strength for both groups; (2) no changes in reciprocal inhibition tests; (3) positive correlation between lower extremity isometric muscle strength and D2 inhibition. Many possible factors might result in the insignificant findings in our experiment. The major possibility is the difficulty in detecting the minor changes in the neuromuscular adaptation after training. However, based on the positive correlation between lower extremity isometric muscle strength and D2 inhibition, we speculate that the PRI training might be related to the changes in muscle strength and reciprocal inhibition。
第一章 緒 論---------------------------------------------- 1
第一節 研究背景------------------------------------------ 1
第二節 研究目的------------------------------------------ 5
第三節 研究假設------------------------------------------ 5
第四節 名詞解釋與操作型定義-------------------------- 6
第五節 研究限制------------------------------------------ 7
第二章 文獻探討------------------------------------------ 8
第一節 被動反覆等速肌力訓練------------------------- 8
第二節 交互抑制----------------------------------------- 12
第三節 影響交互抑制的因素--------------------------- 15
第四節 訓練對交互抑制的影響------------------------ 23
第三章 研究方法------------------------------------------ 28
第一節 研究設計----------------------------------------- 28
第二節 研究對象----------------------------------------- 28
第三節 實驗時間與地點--------------------------------- 29
第四節 測試方法----------------------------------------- 29
第五節 被動反覆等速肌力訓練------------------------- 33
第六節 資料處理與分析--------------------------------- 34
第七節 統計分析----------------------------------------- 34
第四章 實驗結果------------------------------------------- 36
第一節 訓練組與控制組前測數據比較----------------- 36
第二節 訓練結果----------------------------------------- 41
第三節 訓練前後測數據比較--------------------------- 42
第四節 去訓練效果(Detraining effects)---------------- 47
第五章 討論--------------------------------------- 49
第一節 實驗結果支持或不支持研究假設-------------- 49
第二節 運動習慣對交互抑制與功能表現的影響------ 49
第三節 訓練對交互抑制與功能表現的影響----------- 52
第四節 停止訓練後交互抑制和功能表現的變化------ 56
第五節 臨床意義與應用------------------------------- 57
第六章 結論與建議--------------------------------------- 58
第一節 結論---------------------------------------------- 58
第二節 未來研究方向----------------------------------- 59
參考文獻------------------------------------------------------ 60
附錄------------------------------------------------------------ 69
附錄一 受試者同意書----------------------------------- 69
附錄二 受試者問卷-------------------------------------- 71
附錄三 H反射原始資料--------------------------------- 72
附錄四 統計考驗力表--------------------------------- 74


圖 目 錄

圖3-1 實驗流程------------------------------------ 30
圖4-1 前測訓練組與控制組交互抑制------------------ 37
圖4-2 前測最大交互抑制強度------------------------ 38
圖4-3 前測訓練組與控制組功能測試------------------ 39
圖4-4 訓練組前測下肢最大肌力與雙突觸交互抑制相關-- 40
圖4-5 控制組前測下肢最大肌力與雙突觸交互抑制相關-- 41
圖4-6 控制組交互抑制前後測比較-------------------- 43
圖4-7 控制組功能測試前後測比較-------------------- 44
圖4-8 訓練組交互抑制前後測比較-------------------- 45
圖4-9 訓練組功能測試前後測比較-------------------- 46
圖4-10 訓練組D2抑制變化與下肢最大等長肌力變化相關 47
圖4-11 雙突觸交互抑制去訓練效果------------------- 48
圖4-12 下肢最大等長肌力去訓練效果----------------- 48

表 目 錄

表3-1 受試者基本資料------------------------------ 30
表4-1 前測兩組最大交互抑制強度-------------------- 38
表4-2 訓練組訓練次數統計表------------------------ 42
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