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研究生:洪恩忠
研究生(外文):En-Chung Hung
論文名稱:補充雞精對運動表現及力竭運動中與恢復期生理和生化值之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effects of chicken essence supplementation on physiological and blood biochemical parameters during exhaustive exercise and recovery period
指導教授:許美智許美智引用關係
指導教授(外文):Mei-Chich Hsu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣體育大學(桃園)
系所名稱:運動科學研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:運動科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:57
中文關鍵詞:雞精運動表現安靜熱量消耗疲勞
外文關鍵詞:exercise performancechicken essencefatiguerespiratory exchange ratio
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本研究乃針對補充雞精對運動表現及力竭運動中與恢復期生理和疲勞生化值之影響進行探討。本實驗採用隨機交叉雙盲設計,研究對象為16位健康男性分為兩組(雞精組或安慰劑組),在補充14天後進行75 %VO2 max強度之固定式腳踏車耐力運動至力竭,經過14天的停用期後再交替補充一次,然後完成第2次的力竭運動。運動過程記錄運動中與恢復期的心跳率、呼吸生理值及運動時間,並於運動前、運動中10、15、20、25、力竭點以及運動後5、10、15、30、60、120和1440分鐘進行靜脈採血。本研究結果顯示,兩組於血糖、血乳酸、血氨、肌酸激酶、心跳率、呼吸交換率、氧脈以及運動力竭時間均無顯著差異。然而,雞精組在安靜熱量消耗(resting energy expenditure, REE)上顯著高於安慰劑組(1.64 ± 0.38 kcal/min vs. 1.42 ± 0.23 kcal/min, p<.05)。因此,運動前補充雞精不會增進運動表現及心肺功能,但對於安靜熱量消耗有較多提升效果。
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of chicken essence (CE) supplementation on physiological and blood biochemical parameters during exhaustive exercise and recovery period. In this randomized, double-blind, crossover study, 16 healthy males were divided into two groups (CE or placebo) and received supplementation for 14-day. After the supplement period, all the subjects performed an exhaustive exercise on the stationary bicycle ergometer at an intensity of 75 %VO2max to exhaustion. A 14-day washout period followed before the subjects crossed over and received the alternate supplement for the next 14-day. Then subjects completed the second exhaustive exercise. The heart rate, respiratory gas and exhaustion time were recorded during exercise and recovery period. Blood samples were taken prior to the exercise, at 10, 15, 20, 25 mins during exercise, immediately after exercise, and 5, 10, 15, 30, 60, 120, and 1440 mins after exercise. There were no significant differences in the concentrations of glucose, lactate, ammonia, as well as the activity of creatine kinase, heart rate, respiratory exchange ratio (RER), oxygen pulse, and exercise time to exhaustion between groups. However, the REE (resting energy expenditure) was significantly higher in CE group, as compared to that in the placebo group (1.64 ± 0.38 kcal/min vs. 1.42 ± 0.23 kcal/min, p<.05). The results indicated that CE supplementation could not enhance exercise performance and cardiopulmonary function, but it could increase more REE in humans.
第壹章 緒論............................................1
第一節 研究動機........................................1
第二節 研究目的........................................3
第貳章 文獻探討........................................4
第一節 雞精之功效......................................4
第二節 胺基酸與運動表現................................6
第三節 胺基酸與胜肽對疲勞生化值之影響..................7
第四節 總結............................................9
第參章 材料與方法.....................................10
第一節 研究對象.......................................10
第二節 飲食、活動控制及前測...........................10
第三節 實驗設計.......................................14
第四節 分析項目與方法.................................16
第五節 統計分析.......................................19
第肆章 結果...........................................21
第一節 補充雞精對運動表現的影響.......................22
第二節 補充雞精對運動中及恢復期各項生理生化值之影響...22
第伍章 討論...........................................31
第一節 補充雞精對運動表現及運動中與恢復期生理之影響...31
第二節 補充雞精對運動中與恢復期疲勞生化值之影響.......32
第陸章 結論與建議.....................................36
參考文獻...............................................37
附錄一 人體試驗證明函.................................44
附錄二 受試者說明書與同意書...........................45
附錄三 受試者原始資料.................................49
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