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研究生:邱耀志
研究生(外文):Chiu Yao-chih
論文名稱:輕艇靜水競速選手身體型態之研究
論文名稱(外文):THE STUDY OF THE ANTHROPOMETRIC IN FLATWATER KAYAK RACING
指導教授:高明峰高明峰引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kao Ming-Feng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣體育學院
系所名稱:體育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:79
中文關鍵詞:輕艇靜水競速身體型態卡雅克式艇加拿大式艇
外文關鍵詞:flatwateranthropometricKayakCanoe
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  人體型態測量(anthropometric)是暸解輕艇運動訓練與監控來改善生物學與生物力學的效益方式之一,這些訊息對於輕艇運動能力的表現評估和預測,亦有相當程度的積極效果。本研究利用2007年全國運動會比賽前,對輕艇靜水競速項目之71名參賽選手(男子47名,女子24名)做35項身體各部位尺寸大小及身體組成之測量,所有測量值依國際身體型態測量促進協會(International Society of Advancement of Kinanthropometry, ISAK)的標準程序進行。實驗變項包括:年齡、身高、體重、身體肢段長度、身體各部位寬度、圍度、皮脂厚以及身體組成等。所得資料以SPSS for Window 10.0 電腦套裝軟體進行描述性統計及獨立樣本t檢定(p<.05),其結果顯示,
一、男子選手比起女子選手有較高的身體肢段長度、寬度、圍度與肌肉質量,以及較低的體脂肪含量。
二、男子選手的身體型態在卡雅克式艇500公尺與1000公尺距離之間無差異(p>.05)。
三、男子選手的身體型態在卡雅克式艇與加拿大式艇之間亦無明顯差異(p>.05)。
四、我國輕艇靜水竸速成績多年來一直無法提升,在身體型態與國際水準的差異也是因素之一。
  本研究顯示,藉由身體型態之相關變項,做為基層教練選材及訓練監控的參考。
  Anthropometric is one of the ways to understand how to use flatwater kayak training to improve the efficiency of biology and biological mechanics. This information offers positive effect on the evaluation and estimation of the ability in flatwater kayak sport.
  This study applies one serial of body size measurement (including 35 items) on the athletes (47 male athletes and 24 female athletes) during Taiwan’s National Sport Race in 2007. All the measurements are processed based on the standard by Society of Advancement of Kinanthropometry, ISAK. The experiment varieties include age, height, weight, girth, and body components, etc. The varieties are totally 35 items. Using SPSS for Window, including mean difference test、Independent t-test to. In the result of the study, the conclusions are as follows:
  First, male athletes have higher rate of girth and lower fat than female athletes.
Second, the body types of male athletes have no significant differences between 500 meters and 1000 meters of kayak racing. There is no obvious result in female athletes.
Third, the body types of male athletes have no significant differences between kayak and canoe(p>.05).
  Last, the results of kayak racing have not been promoted for years because the difference between the athletes’ body types and international standards is an influential factor.
  The study shows the varieties of body types as the reference for the coaches in this field to select materials and process their training.
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二、外文部分
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Ackland, T.R., Ong, K. B., Kerr, D. K. & Ridge. (2000). Equipment set-up among Olympic sprint and slalom kayak paddlers. MedscapeSports Biomech, 4(1), 47-58.
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