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研究生:何鈺雯
研究生(外文):Ho Yu-Wen
論文名稱:以恐懼管理理論觀點探討衝浪自我效能與死亡顯要性對從事冒險衝浪意圖之影響
論文名稱(外文):Mortality Salience, Self-Efficacy, and Intentions of Risk Taking from a Terror Management Theory Perspective
指導教授:廖主民廖主民引用關係
指導教授(外文):Liao Chu-Min
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣體育學院
系所名稱:休閒運動管理研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:運動休閒及休閒管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:72
中文關鍵詞:自尊自我效能恐懼管理理論死亡顯要性
外文關鍵詞:self-esteemself-efficacyTerror Management Theorymortality salience
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:11
  • 點閱點閱:1817
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:203
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
  冒險休閒,經常給人們又愛又怕的雙重心理經驗,是有別於其他非冒險性活動所存在的特殊性。「恐懼管理理論」利用文化世界觀及自尊的觀點來描述人管理恐懼的行為及心智歷程,也有助於我們探討影響人們從事冒險性休閒運動的主要因素。恐懼管理理論有兩個主要的假設:1.自尊能夠緩衝焦慮,因此自尊和焦慮呈負相關;2.當個體知覺到死亡顯要性時,會強化出現捍衛自尊及捍衛所處文化世界觀的行為的傾向。文獻中已有研究證據支持這兩個假設。在一個以水肺潛水冒險運動為對象的研究中,Miller和Taubman-Ben-Ari(2004) 發現高自尊的人的冒險意圖不會受到死亡顯要性及自我效能所影響,而死亡顯要性使低自尊及高自我效能的人展現出較高的冒險意圖,而低自尊低自我效能的人在死亡顯要性情境中,又比低自尊高自我效能的人冒險意圖來得更高。本研究檢驗Miller和Taubman-Ben-Ari的研究結果,對於我國是否同樣有一致性的結果。以衝浪冒險參與者為對象,以二因子變異數分析來檢驗死亡顯要性和衝浪自我效能對冒險衝浪意圖,結果並未發現主要效果和交互作用。未來有待更多研究來檢驗Greenberg等人(1997) 的恐懼管理理論的文化適當性。
  This research examined the psychological determinants of participation in risk recreations based on Terror Management Theory(TMT). According to TMT, awareness of the inevitability of death is a potential terror of human beings. To reduce the anxiety caused by this terror, individuals engage in activities, such as risk recreations, to immerse in a cultural worldview and maintaining a high levels of self-esteem. This tendency of anxiety-reducing engagement is enhanced especially when mortality is salient. In a scuba diving study conducted by Miller and Taubman-Ben-Ari (2004), the effects of death reminders on the tendency to take risks in diving were tested. Findings showed that mortality salience led to greater willingness to take risks in diving for divers with low self-esteem and low diving self-efficacy. However, no effects were found for high self-esteem divers. This research, based on Miller and Taubman-Ben-Ari’ s work, examined TMT with especially Taiwanese surfers(N=72). A two-way ANOVA using mortality salience (yes, no) and surfing related self-efficacy (high, low) as factors performed. The results showed neither significant interactions nor main effects of mortality salience and surfing related self-efficacy on the levels of intention to risky surfing. The effects of the induction of mortality salience on risk behaviors in Taiwanese culture were discussed.
洪翊芳、廖主民(2005)。參與冒險性休閒的心理歷程。中華體育季刊,19(3),16-25。
洪翊芳、廖主民(2005)。冒險性休閒參與者的同志情誼、流暢及認定建構與心理涉入與行為涉入。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣體育學院,臺中市。
黃坤得、許成源(2002)。水域休閒運動之發展趨勢。大專體育,62期,174-180。
黃素芬(2005)。成就動機及目標取向對自我效能、自設目標、學習表現及結果歸因的影響。未出版碩士論文,國立體育學院,桃園市。
黃耀宗、季力康(1998)從客觀和主觀的運動能力在中等強度的運動下對於知覺身體疲勞程度及正負面情緒反應的影響。體育學報,25,239-248。
葉麗珠(2006)。青少年身體意象、社會影響因素、運動參與行為與自尊之相關研究。未出版碩士論文,國立體育學院,桃園市。
顏志龍(2007)。「恐懼管理理論」在後備動員訓練上的可能應用。後備動員軍事雜誌,76,4-14。

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