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研究生:莊尚智
研究生(外文):Shang-Chih Chuang
論文名稱:應用於廣視域高解析度自立體顯示器之高效率液晶面板設計與製作
論文名稱(外文):Design and Fabrication of High Efficiency LC Panel for High Resolution Wide-view Autostereoscopic 3D Display
指導教授:陳政寰陳政寰引用關係
指導教授(外文):Cheng-Huan Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:動力機械工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:英文
論文頁數:88
中文關鍵詞:自立體顯示器液晶傾斜遮罩
外文關鍵詞:autostereoscopic displayliquid crystalslanted barrier
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隨著近幾年來影像顯示器產業蓬勃發展,技術不斷的提升,人類對追求立體影像顯示的渴望又再度被燃起。頭戴式立體顯示器是目前已經很成熟的技術,但是使用者必須佩戴立體眼鏡,容易造成不便和不適。因此,裸眼式立體顯示器被認為是次世代顯示器發展之主要目標。

本研究針對以液晶顯示器為基礎的裸眼式立體顯示技術中的自立體顯示空間多工方式,提出一個高效率且高解析度的解決方案。藉由放置於液晶面板上面的傾斜遮罩,可以平衡當平面顯示器應用於立體顯示器時產生的垂直與水平方向的解析度衰減。而為了同時兼顧高解析度與高效率的議題,基於傾斜遮罩的液晶畫素設計被應用於這份研究中。在此研究中提出了兩種方式來提高立體顯示器的效率,一是使用具有高度方向性的液晶結構來提高在視差自立體顯示器中各個視域的亮度,二是修改液晶畫素中的電子元件,使其能夠降低視堿重疊等影響畫質的因素。經由設計模擬分析並量測實作的液晶面板,可驗證此兩種基於傾斜遮罩的液晶畫素修改確實可行,增加液晶面板應用於立體顯示器之下的效率。
Human see this world stereoscopically, we are trying to reproduce the visual experiences from what we see from the real world. Basic principles of most 3D displays technologies were discovered a hundred years ago, but the 3D displays have not yet been put into mass production due to several problems, such as the low 3D resolution, complicated mechanism, and inconvenience of wearing glasses, etc. Nowadays many researchers are getting interested in 3D displays again because the performance of flat panel display, especially liquid crystal display (LCD) has been largely improved. This mature display technology accompanying with the new-development method can overcome the problem of the previous 3D technology.

This research proposes a solution for high efficiency high resolution liquid crystal (LC) panel for autostereoscopic 3D display with wide-view and high 3D resolution. The slanted barrier is applied on a LC panel for sharing the resolution reduction in both horizontal and vertical direction. In order to reach a high resolution with high efficiency, a new design of the LC pixel layout is necessary. The pixel design is based on the slanted barrier. The LC pixel with high directional emission profile can not only improve efficiency but also eliminate some deficiencies that affect the image quality in conventional parallax barrier design. By applying the slanted barrier and the pixel layout, we can overcome the issue of low resolution and serious resolution reduction in horizontal direction on conventional straight barrier design and have a LC panel which is more suitable for the application of high light efficiency parallax barrier type 3D display.
摘要 i
Abstract ii
List of figures vi
List of tables x
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Preface 1
1.2 Literature review 2
1.2.1 Spatial multiplexing system 2
1.2.2 Time-sequential multiplexing system 4
1.2.3 Volumetric and holographic displays 6
1.2.4 Lencicular and parallax barrier 3D display 7
1.3 Motivation and objective of this thesis 9
1.4 Organization of this thesis 11
Chapter 2 Background 12
2.1 Basics of stereoscopic vision 12
2.1.1 Monocular cues 12
2.1.2 Binocular cues 18
2.1.3 Formation of depth perception 20
2.2 Principles of thin film transistor liquid crystal display (TFT-LCD) 22
2.3 Concept of Conoscopy 24
2.4 Radiometer 25
Chapter 3 Design and fabrication of slanted barrier 27
3.1 Parameter definition in parallax barrier system 27
3.2 Definition of crosstalk 29
3.3 Methodology 29
3.3.1 Design flow 31
3.3.2 Slanted barrier design 31
3.4 Optical simulation and discussion 33
3.4.1 Light source configuration 33
3.4.2 Simulation result and discussion 35
3.5 Fabrication and measurement 38
3.5.1 Image rendering for 3D 39
3.5.2 Fabrication of barrier 40
3.5.3 Assembly of prototype 42
3.5.4 Measurement setup and procedure 43
3.6 Results and discussion 45
3.6.1 Results of observation 45
3.6.2 Results and discussion of measurement 46
3.6.3 Image quality 51
3.7 Conclusions 55
Chapter 4 Design and fabrication of high efficiency 3D LC panel 56
4.1 Directional transmittance profile of LC pixel 56
4.1.1 Design of directional transmittance profile 57
4.1.2 Simulation results and discussion 58
4.2 Modification of layout of pixel for 3D application 62
4.2.1 Optimization of electrical components 63
4.2.2 Results and discussion of simulation 69
4.3 Prototype of LC panel and slanted barrier 71
4.4 Measurements and discussions 74
4.5 Modification of simulation configuration and discussion 77
4.6 Conclusions 83
Chapter 5 Conclusions and future works 84
5.1 Conclusions 84
5.2 Future works 85
References 86
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