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研究生:林俊瑋
研究生(外文):Jun-Wei Lin
論文名稱:應用改良式平手判別技巧於測試個案精簡演算法之分析
論文名稱(外文):Test Suite Reduction Analysis with Enhanced Tie-Breaking Techniques
指導教授:黃慶育黃慶育引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chin-Yu Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:英文
論文頁數:42
中文關鍵詞:軟體測試測試覆蓋標準測試個案精簡錯誤偵測效率平手判別
外文關鍵詞:software testingtesting criteriatest suite reductiontest suite minimizationfault detection effectivenesstie-breaking
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在軟體開發與維護過程中,為了測試新功能或滿足測試覆蓋率,測試個案不斷地被產生,使得測試套件的大小不斷增加。在有限的時間及軟硬體資源下,有必要應用測試套件精簡演算法移除多餘的測試個案。根據以往文獻指出,對一測試套件作精簡,很可能也同時降低了該套件的偵錯能力。目前,為了保留精簡過後測試套件的偵錯能力而提出的方法,皆某種程度地增加了精簡過後測試套件的大小。在本論文中,我們提出一個一般性的測試套件精簡技巧,在測試套件精簡過程中,對於同等重要的測試個案,使用額外的覆蓋條件做為選擇標準。我們將使用此技巧改良兩個已知的測試套件精簡演算法。實驗結果顯示,我們的技巧能在幾乎不影響原演算法之精簡能力的情況下,較大程度地保留套件的偵錯能力。此外,在特定情況下,我們的技巧可以大幅度地加速精簡過程。
During software development, test cases are continuously generated to exercise new functionality or to maintain test adequacy. Thus, the sizes of test suites may grow significantly over time. Due to time and resource constraints, it is necessary to remove the redundant test cases through test suite minimization techniques. A potential drawback of these techniques is that minimizing a test suite might reduce its ability to reveal faults. Prior work has shown that test suite minimization techniques can severely compromise the fault detection effectiveness of test suites. In the literatures, some works were dedicated to improving the fault detection effectiveness retention of reduced test suites. However, most of them affect some extent of suite size reduction. In this thesis, we present a novel approach for test suite reduction that uses additional testing criterion to break the ties in the minimization process. We integrated the proposed approach with two existing algorithms and conducted experiments for evaluation. The experiment results show that, compared to existing approaches, the proposed approach can improve the fault detection effectiveness of reduced suites with negligible increase in the size of the suites. Besides, under specific condition, the proposed approach can also accelerate the process of minimization.
Abstract ii
摘要 iii
誌謝 (Acknowledgement) iv
List of Tables vi
List of Figures vii
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
Chapter 2 Test Suite Reduction 5
2.1 Background and definition 5
2.2 The existing solutions 6
2.2.1 The HGS algorithm 6
2.2.2 The GRE algorithm 8
2.2.3 Other related works 10
2.3 The Effect on fault detection capability 12
Chapter 3 RTB: Reduction with Tie-Breaking 14
3.1 A motivational example 14
3.2 Implementation 17
3.2.1 M-HGS: The modified HGS algorithm by integrating RTB 18
3.2.2 M-GRE: The modified GRE algorithm by integrating RTB 20
Chapter 4 Experiment and Analysis 25
4.1 Experiment Setup 25
4.2 Measures 27
4.3 Experiment results of M-HGS 29
4.4 Experiment results of M-GRE 34
Chapter 5 Conclusion and Future Work 38
References 40
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