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研究生:蕭文學
研究生(外文):Wen-Shyue Hsiao
論文名稱:家事調解之研究─以倫理議題為中心
指導教授:林昀��王智弘王智弘引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:科技法律研究所
學門:法律學門
學類:專業法律學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:256
中文關鍵詞:家事調解調解模式調解人倫理行念倫理行為
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:12
  • 點閱點閱:722
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:5
本研究動機系因裁判外解決解紛爭(ADR)機制的興起,帶動國內外、實務界與學界均掀起一股研究及推展熱潮,家事事件因涉及親人間的糾紛及未成年子女的利益,特別不適合以對立的傳統訴訟方法解決,因此,家事調解制度在這股ADR的熱潮中,成為特別受重視的一環,我國近年來家事調解新制,歷經各法院的試辦,已漸漸發展出國內實務運作的各種方式,惟在起步階段仍有待更深入的觀察、研究。
本論文先從親屬法中離婚政策及法理切入探討,找出家事調解制度在其間所能扮演的角色與其價值。再從現行法中就有關調解的相關規定、家事調解的意義、困難、家事調解的重心、不適合進行調解的案件類型、推展家事調解可能的阻礙、對家事調解質疑者與支持者的意見為探討;並介紹國內的實施現況及國外所施行的家事調解模式,調解人的資格、認可程序,英國追縱、評估家事調解的方式與實徵研究;另就家事調解相關的倫理議題提出探討,且以問卷方式調查共 十七個法院有承辦調解案件之家事庭法官、調解人、家事調解行政輔助人員(法官助理或書記官)相關之倫理信念與行為,並就其背景狀況,從統計資料作出分析報告。
最後,對研究成果提出結論與建議:從法理與政策面、國內外的實徵研究、國際間推動ADR的趨勢等方面,肯定家事調解的價值;並建議兩願離婚、及以破綻主義為主的離婚法之修訂方向、加速家事事件法之制定。另實徵研究部分:建議調解人的專業知能、「告知後同意」的踐行程序、中立態度、不收受不正利益、尊重當事人意願、性別平等的信念、對弱勢族群的扶助等,均仍待增強。並就未來家事調解教育訓練、整體環境的改善、值得繼續研究的主題提供意見。
This research is motivated by the rise of alternative dispute resolution (ADR)methods and by the very nature of family dispute; in the Family Courts litigants used to argue, this not being proper. The system of family mediation places particular emphasis on the trend of ADR. Through the pilot period in all the courts of our country, we have developed little by little our own family mediation system. This system has been initiated into practice but still requires further survey and research.

To start off with, this study examines the status and value of family mediation in our law policy and legal principle. This examination also involves an analysis of a series of issues which include:
· the domestic mediation regulations,
· the meaning,
· the difficulty,
· the obstruction,
· the gravity,
· the ethical issues,
· the pros and cons of family mediation.
Furthermore, the essay has delved with the practical aspects of domestic family mediation, the exotic family mediation mode, the required qualifications, the licensed process of foreign mediators, and a survey of the UK family mediation system.

To achieve its purpose, this study has adopted a quantitative research method by the use of questionnaires that explore the ethical conception and behaviour of 17 domestic Family Courts mediators, judges and administrators. From the statistical data that have been gathered from totally 189 valid questionnaires, this study has analysed the scenario of the ethical conception and behaviour of the workers involved in family mediation.

On the basis of this examination, the essay concludes by affirming the positive value of family mediation through an analysis of the family law policy and legal principle, the domestic and foreign surveys, and the adoption of the ADR approach. The essay recommends the reform of the family law and the enhancement of the family-mediation-workers’ training on
· the “inform & consent”,
· the impartial attitude,
· the avoidance of illegal interests,
· the respectfulness to clients’ will,
· the conception of sexual equality,
· the aid to underprivileged clients.
Proper training on these issues will ameliorate our family mediation system. Finally, the essay raises important points for future research.
目 錄
第一章 緒論…………………………………………………………1
第一節 研究動機…………………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的…………………………………………………4
第三節 研究架構…………………………………………………6
第二章 研究方法……………………………………………………7
第一節 研究策略的選擇與研究方法……………………………….7
第二節 研究範圍………………………………………………….8
第三節 研究工具………………………………………………….8
第四節 研究過程…………………………………………………11
第五節 資料處理…………………………………………………13
第三章 家事調解在親屬法中立法政策與法理背景所占角色之探討
第一節 親屬法中離婚政策與法理探討………………………………14
一、兩願離婚與判決離婚…………………………………….14
二、過失主義與無過失主義………………………………….15
三、個人自主與群體價值…………………………………….17
四、家事法的主要功能何在………………………………….18
五、家庭法權利重要主角的變遷……………………………..21
第二節 家事調解在親屬法離婚的法理與政策中所占的角色………….23
第四章 調解制度與家事調解的意涵…………………………….26
第一節 調解制度……………………………………………………….26
一、調解制度的興起原因………………………………………….26
二、調解制度的特色……………………………………………….27
第二節 家事調解事件法源之分類…………………………………….29
一、依鄉鎮市調解條例之調解……………………………………29
二、依民事訴訟法之調解…………………………………………30
三、鄉鎮市調解條例與民事訴訟法進行調解之共同處…………31
四、鄉鎮市調解條例與民事訴訟法進行調解之相異處…………33
第三節 家事調解………………………………………………………35
一、家事調解的意義……………………………………………..35
二、家事調解的困難……………………………………………..36
三、家事調解的重心─未成年子女的利益……………………..37
四、家事調解所能協助離婚╱分居父母親與子女之關係……..39
五、不適合使用調解方式解決紛爭之案件種類…………………42
六、家事調解推展的可能阻礙……………………………………43
七、女性主義者對家事調解的憂心及相關研究的反饋…………45
第四節 家事專家調解…………………………………………………48
第五節 家事調解與家事商談…………………………………………49
一、調解制度與商談制度不同之處………………………………51
二、家事商談的原則………………………………………………54
第六節 家事調解與其他專業之關係…………………………………58
一、家事調解與諮商………………………………………………58
二、家事調解與諮詢……………………………………………….60
三、家事調解與心理治療…………………………………………63
四、家事調解與仲裁……………………………………………….64
第七節 家事調解的模式與取向………………………………….65
一、階段理論模式………………………………………………….65
二、問題解決與協商取向………………………………………… .67
三、程序模式(procedural models)………………………………….68
四、治療式調解模式……………………………………………….69
五、轉化式模式…………………………………………………….72
六、敘事式調解模式(narrative mediation models )………………. 74
七、互動式取向(Interactive Approaches)………………………….76
八、折衷、整合、個人化模式…………………………………….78
第八節 小結……………………………………………………………..78
第五章 家事調解的倫理意義、內涵與主要問題………………81
第一節 家事調解的倫理意義…………………………………………81
第二節 家事調解的倫理內涵…………………………………………83
第三節 跨專業的五項實務操作倫理基本原則………………………83
第四節 跨專業間的倫理衝突…………………………………………84
第五節 面臨倫理衝突時應思考的問題………………………………88
第六節 家事調解主要之倫理問題……………………………………89
一、資格能力………………………………………………………89
二、告知後同意……………………………………………………92
三、當事人的自主決定……………………………………………93
四、家事調解人的中立、公正立場的維持………………………94
五、家事調解中專業關係、保密議題、與通報責任……………98
六、當事人及兒童福祉的考慮……………………………………104
七、未成年子女參與調解程序……………………………………110
八、性別平等、種族平等與多元文尊重在家事調解中的落實…120
九、結束與轉介……………………………………………………124
十、廣告與收費……………………………………………………125
十一、不同專業間的相互尊重…………………………………….126
十二、調解人的越權問題………………………………………….126
第七節 小結…………………………………………………………...127
第六章 家事調解實務運作與成效評估、追蹤…………………128
第一節 國內實務運作情形……………………………………………..128
一、運作之主體……………………………………………………128
(一)調解法官………………………………………………….128
(二)調解人…………………………………………………….128
(三)其他行政人員…………………………………………….129
二、實務運作方式…………………………………………………130
(一)試辦家事專家調解之前……………………………………130
(二) 試辦家事專家調解之後…………………………………..130
(三)專家調解制度未來仍待解決之問題………………………133
第二節 可供國內實務參考之國外調解人任用情形………………......134
第三節 家事調解成效之評估與追蹤…………………………………..134
一、家事調解的成效是否應作評估追蹤…………………………..134
二、應如何作評估追蹤的相關研究………………………………..135
三、英國對家事調解的相關評估與追蹤研究……………………..137
第四節 小結…………………………………………………………….139
第七章 問卷調查結果及討論……………………………………141
第一節 家事調解相關人員的個人背景變項之分佈情形…………….141
第二節 家事調解相關人員倫理信念之現況………………………….145
第三節 家事調解相關人員倫理行為之現況………………………….156
第四節 不同背景變項之家事調解人倫理信念差異………………….173
第五節 不同背景變項之家事調解人倫理行為差異…………………..190
第六節 不同背景變項之家事調解人員倫理信念與倫理行為之差異..204
第七節 小結……………………………………………………………..204
第八章 研究結論與建議…………………………………………..207
第一節 研究結論……………………………………………………..207
第二節 建議…………………………………………………………..210
參考文獻…………………………………………………………….214
附件一、問卷…………………………………………………………………224
附件二、加拿大、英國人(英格蘭、威尼斯)、澳洲調解人任用情形………231
附件三、英國對家事調解的相關評估、追蹤研究…………………………..238
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陳惠馨,讓離婚不再是一場不公平的戰爭。台北市政府主辦之「第三屆全國婦女國是會議論壇」第四場主題「女性與婚姻家庭」 1998/3/10。
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美國State v. Rhodes (1868)、State v. Oliver (1874)案例http://womenshistory.about.com/od/mythsofwomenshistory/a/rule_of_thumb.htm 2008-05-16造訪

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習得無助感http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E7%BF%92%E5%BE%97%E7%84%A1%E5%8A%A9%E6%84%9F
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外籍配偶之國別人數、所占比例詳如下列網站 http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%A4%96%E7%B1%8D%E9%85%8D%E5%81%B6_(%E5%8F%B0%E7%81%A3


內政統計資訊服務網
http://sowf.moi.gov.tw/stat/week/week9715.doc 2008/6/10
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