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研究生:江瑞豪
研究生(外文):Ray-how Jiang
論文名稱:情境感知無所不在學習環境在國小自然科教學之應用-以校園植物單元為例
論文名稱(外文):Context-Aware U-Learning for Natural Science Courses– A Case Study on Campus Plants of Elementary Schools
指導教授:黃國禎黃國禎引用關係
指導教授(外文):Gwo-Jen Hwang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺南大學
系所名稱:數位學習科技學系碩士班
學門:教育學門
學類:教育科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:131
中文關鍵詞:無所不在的學習無所不在運算情境感知凱利方格知識表格
外文關鍵詞:ubiquitous learningrepertory gridcontext awarenessubiquitous computing
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近年來由於無線網路與行動載具技術發展普及化,數位學習環境由以往在電腦前利用網路進行e-learning的學習方式,發展為跨越教室及個人電腦的藩籬,運用行動載具及無線網路在真實世界中進行行動學習(Mobile Learning)與無所不在學習(Ubiquitous Learning)的趨勢;更由於感應技術(Sensor Technology)日趨成熟,結合無線網路、行動載具及感應技術來進行情境感知無所不在的學習(Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning)更成為新興的議題。探討如何運用情境感知無所不在學習瞭解學習者的學習情境,並提供適當的個人化學習資訊與互動是亟待研究的課題。本研究配合國小自然科「認識校園植物」單元的教學內容發展情境感知無所不在學習系統,經由凱利方格擷取教師對於植物學習的概念,建置一套校園植物學習系統以協助學生在真實環境中手持PDA學習,並經由感應技術感測學生的位置及情境給予適當的教材。學習活動結束後,經由與學生面對面訪談與問卷,瞭解學生對於此新穎的學習方式的學習成效。並透過與學校教師訪談,瞭解本研究提出的學習方式之成效與建議,進一步瞭解情境感知無所不在學習應用於實際課程上的實施效果。經研究結果顯示,對於學生而言,情境感知無所不在學習應用於自然科校園植物教學上,不但能提升低成就學生的學習動機及學習興趣,更能提供學習者豐富的學習資源,在減輕教師的教學負擔上也得到不錯的回應。
In recent years, the form of digital learning converts to m-learning from e-learning due to the progress of wireless and mobile computing technologies. Students can learn any time and any where with mobile devices. Context-aware ubiquitous learning is a new research issue. It integrates wireless, m-computing, and context awareness technologies that it is able to detect the situation of the learners, and hence provides more adaptive supports seamlessly. In this paper, we develop a context-aware ubiquitous learning environment for learning of campus vegetation in elementary schools refers to a lesson plan about plant. And we probe into the feasibility of context-aware u-learning in courses reality by students and teacher’s interview and questionnaire. The result shows that the system can promote students’ motivation and learning effectiveness; moreover, the system can reduce teaching burdens and control order better.
中文摘要 .................................................................................................................................... i
英文摘要 ................................................................................................................................... ii
誌謝 .......................................................................................................................................... iii
目錄 .......................................................................................................................................... iv
表目錄 ...................................................................................................................................... vi
圖目錄 ..................................................................................................................................... vii
一、緒論 ................................................................................................................................... 1
1.1 研究背景 ..................................................................................................................... 1
1.2 研究動機及目的 ......................................................................................................... 2
1.3 論文架構 ..................................................................................................................... 3
二、文獻探討 ............................................................................................................................ 5
2.1 無所不在運算技術的發展現況 ................................................................................. 5
2.2 無線射頻識別標籤與系統 ......................................................................................... 8
2.3 情境感知無所不在學習的發展與應用 ................................................................... 14
2.4 凱利方格的發展與應用 ........................................................................................... 16
三、支援情境感知U-Learning 環境之建置 ......................................................................... 21
3.1 系統架構及功能 ........................................................................................................ 21
3.2 系統介面 ................................................................................................................... 23
3.2.1 伺服器端 ........................................................................................................ 23
3.2.2 用戶端 ............................................................................................................ 25
3.3 資料庫設計 ............................................................................................................... 31
四、情境感知U-Learning 教學活動設計 ............................................................................. 33
4.1 應用情境與對象 ....................................................................................................... 33
4.2 以凱利方格為基礎之課程內容分析 ....................................................................... 34
4.3 教學活動設計 ........................................................................................................... 43
4.4 問卷及訪談設計 ....................................................................................................... 44
五、實驗結果與分析 .............................................................................................................. 49
5.1 實驗情境 .................................................................................................................... 49
5.2 實驗結果 .................................................................................................................... 52
5.3 分析與討論 ................................................................................................................ 55
六、結論及未來展望 .............................................................................................................. 60
參考文獻 ................................................................................................................................. 62
附錄一 ..................................................................................................................................... 68
教師A (植爱相關教師) 訪談逐字稿 ............................................................................ 68
教師B(資訊相關教師)訪談逐字稿 .......................................................................... 72
教師C(導師)訪談逐字稿 .......................................................................................... 76
附錄二 ..................................................................................................................................... 81
學生A 訪談逐字稿 ......................................................................................................... 81
學生B 訪談逐字稿 ......................................................................................................... 85
學生C 訪談逐字稿 ......................................................................................................... 89
學生D 訪談逐字稿 ......................................................................................................... 93
學生E 訪談逐字稿 .......................................................................................................... 97
學生F 訪談逐字稿 ........................................................................................................ 101
學生G 訪談逐字稿 ....................................................................................................... 106
學生H 訪談逐字稿 ....................................................................................................... 110
學生I 訪談逐字稿 ......................................................................................................... 115
學生J 訪談逐字稿 ......................................................................................................... 119
學生K 訪談逐字稿 ....................................................................................................... 123
學生L 訪談逐字稿 ........................................................................................................ 127
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