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研究生:許舒雅
研究生(外文):Sue-Ya She
論文名稱:國小學童父母親依附關係、利社會行為與友誼品質之關係研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of the Relationships among Parent Attachment, Prosocial Behavior and Friendship Qualities of Elementary School Students
指導教授:陳李綢陳李綢引用關係
指導教授(外文):Li-Cho Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:教育心理與輔導學系在職進修碩士班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:165
中文關鍵詞:友誼品質依附父母親依附利社會行為國小兒童
外文關鍵詞:friendship qualitiesattachmentparent attachmentprosocial behaviorelementary school students
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本研究旨在探討國小學童的父母親依附關係、利社會行為與友誼品質的關係,主要目的有五項:(一)根據中外文獻,編製適合國小兒童的「友誼品質量表」,以作為本研究及未來研究者使用。(二)了解不同性別的國小兒童在友誼品質、父母親依附關係、利社會行為的差異情形。(三)了解不同年級的國小兒童在友誼品質、父母親依附關係、利社會行為的發展情形。(四)探討國小兒童在父母親依附關係、利社會行為、友誼品質三者之間的相關情形。
本研究採用「問卷調查法」,以1380名分佈於台北縣、台北市等地區的國小四、五、六年級學生為研究對象,並使用「國小學童友誼品質量表」、「父母親依附關係量表」、「日常利社會自陳量表」等調查工具。所得資料以驗證性因素分析、單因子多變量變異數分析、典型相關等統計方法來進行資料處理。綜合整個研究結果,本研究的主要發現如下:
一、 以性別而言,男女生達顯著差異。女生的友誼品質、父母親依附關係及利社會行為均優於男生。
二、 以年級別而言,年級達顯著差異。五、六年級學童的友誼品質、父母親依附關係及利社會行為均優於四年級。
三、 父母親依附關係與友誼品質之間有典型相關存在。兒童與父母「正向互動」越高,則兒童友誼品質的「支持關係」也愈佳。
四、 利社會行為與友誼品質之間有典型相關存在。「利社會行為」越高,則其友誼品質的「正向互動」也越佳。
五、 父母親依附關係與利社會行為有典型相關存在。兒童與父母「正向互動」越高,則兒童「利社會行為」也愈佳。

最後,研究者依據本研究結果進行討論、歸納結論,並提出具體建議,以作為教師、父母以及輔導者的參考。
The main purpose of this research was to examine the relationships between friendship qualities, parent attachment style, and prosocial behavior. There are five purposes included in the research :(1) to edit a scale which is applicable to evaluate the friendship qualities for future research.(2) to find out the differences of friendship qualities , parent attachment style , and prosocial behavior in different genders.(3)to investigate the development of friendship qualities, parent attachment style ,and prosocial behavior from 4th to 6th grade students.(4)to understand the correlation among friendship qualities, parent attachment style, and prosocial behavior.
Adapted questionnaire research method, the samples consisted of 1380 students who are studying in Taipei County and Taipei City ,and the ”Friendship Qualities Scale ”, “Inventory of Parent Attachment Style ”and the “Scale of Prosocial Behavior” will be utilized as researching tools. Gathered data will be processed statistically with “confirmatory factor analysis”, “one-way MANOVA”, and ” canonical correlation analysis”. The main findings were as follow:
1. With regard to different gender students, there were significant differences between boys and girls. Girls are superior to boys on friendship qualities、attachment style and prosocial behavior.
2. In light of grades, there were significant differences among 4th to 6th grade students. 5th and 6th grades are superior to 4th grade students on friendship qualities、attachment style and prosocial behavior.
3. Parent attachment style was significantly correlated to friendship qualities. The more positive interaction in parents and children, the more supportive relations in friendship qualities.
4. Prosocial behavior was significantly correlated to friendship qualities. The more prosocial behavior, the more positive interaction of friendship qualities.
5. Parent attachment style was significantly correlated to prosocial behavior. The more positive interaction in parents and children, the more prosocial behavior.

In the end, the researcher uses the finding of this thesis to make practicable suggestions for teachers, parents, as well as counseling workers.
目 錄
中文摘要
英文摘要

第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機與目的 …………………………………………………………………1
第二節 研究問題與研究假設 …………………………………………………………………… 5
第三節 名詞解釋 ………………………………………………………………………………… 7
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 友誼品質的理論與相關研究 ……………………………………………………………9
第二節 依附關係的理論與相關研究 …………………………………………………………… 20
第三節 利社會行為的理論與相關研究 ………………………………………………………… 31
第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究架構 ……………………………………………………………………………… 43
第二節 研究對象 ……………………………………………………………………………… 45
第三節 研究工具 ……………………………………………………………………………… 47
第四節 實施程序 ……………………………………………………………………………… 66
第五節 資料處理方式 ………………………………………………………………………… 68
第四章 研究結果
第一節 國小學童的友誼品質之差異分析 …………………………………………………… 70
第二節 國小學童的父母親依附關係之差異分析 …………………………………………… 76
第三節 國小學童利社會行為的差異分析 …………………………………………………… 83
第四節 國小學童父母親依附、利社會行為和友誼品質之相關分析 ……………………… 87
第五章 討論
第一節 國小學童的友誼品質之差異分析探討 …………………………………………… 102
第二節 國小學童的父母親依附關係之差異分析探討 ………………………………… 106
第三節 國小學童利社會行為的差異分析探討 ………………………………………… 109
第四節 國小學童父母親依附、利社會行為和友誼品質之相關分析探討 …………… 112
第六章 結論與建議
第一節 結論 ………………………………………………………………………………… 118
第二節 建議 ………………………………………………………………………………… 121
參考文獻
中文資料 ………………………………………………………………………………… 125
西文資料 ………………………………………………………………………………… 128
附錄
附錄一 「父母與同儕依附行為量表」修訂同意書 ………………………………… 137
附錄二 「利社會行為量表」修訂同意書 ……………………………………………… 138
附錄三 我的生活點滴預試量表 ………………………………………………………… 139
附錄四 「國小學童友誼品質量表」項目分析 ………………………………………… 147
附錄五 「國小學童友誼品質量表」因素分析 ………………………………………… 150
附錄六 我的生活點滴正式量表 ………………………………………………………… 151
附錄七 國小學童友誼品質檢核表 ……………………………………………………… 158
附錄八 「日常利社會行為自陳量表」項目分析 ……………………………………… 161
附錄九 國小學童利社會行為檢核表 ……………………………………………………… 163
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