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研究生:張韶真
研究生(外文):Shao-Chen Chang
論文名稱:台灣東北角和美地區潮間帶大型甲殼類多樣性及群聚結構時空變遷之研究
論文名稱(外文):Temporal and Spatial Variation in Diversity and Community Structure of Intertidal Large Crustacean in Homei from Northeastern Taiwan
指導教授:何平合何平合引用關係陳國勤陳國勤引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ping-Ho HoK.K. Benny Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:環境生物與漁業科學學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:漁業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:99
中文關鍵詞:和美區域大型甲殼類多樣性群聚結構溫度
外文關鍵詞:HomeiLarge crustaceanDiversityCommunity structureTemperature.
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本研究於2007年1月至12月期間,在台灣東北部和美地區河口、巨礫及砂岸潮間帶進行大型甲殼類多樣性調查,並探討其群聚結構時空變遷。三種樣區的物種組成分別是:河口區域共發現21種,其中方蟹科11種,酋婦蟹科3種,扇蟹科2種,瓷蟹科1種,寄居蟹科4種,最優勢種為絨毛折顎蟹 (佔全部個體數55.6%);巨礫區域共發現33種,其中寄居蟹科8種、瓷蟹科4種、酋婦蟹科7種、扇蟹科4種、方蟹科8種、梭子蟹科1種及長腳蟹科1種,高潮區域優勢種為平額石扇蟹 (36.9%),中、低潮區域的優勢種則為光螯硬殼寄居蟹 (41.2%);沙質區域共發現9種,其中沙蟹科6種、和尚蟹1種、方蟹科2種,最優勢種為北方招潮蟹 (80.1%)。物種豐富度以巨礫區域3.838為最高,河口區域2.376次之,砂質區域1.137最低,顯示和美地區的物種多樣性並不豐富。三處樣區的物種組成在季節變化方面有顯著差異,月份變化上則受到生殖、溫度與颱風影響而有所不同。比較各樣區不同潮區間的物種組成變化,河口區域沒有差異,巨礫區域則有明顯差異,砂質區域除優勢物種之生殖季節外,潮區間的物種組成變異並不明顯。推測溫度是影響潮間帶大型甲殼類群聚時空變遷的最大因素,而砂質區域,除溫度外,泥沙涵蓋面積的多寡亦為另一重要影響因子。
A survey was conducted to examine the diversity, and temporal and spatial variation in the decapod (crabs) community structure in sandy shore, boulder shore, and estuary habitats in Homei, Taipei County, northeastern Taiwan from January 2007 to December 2007. A total of 21 species were collected in the estuary, including 11 grapsid species, 3 eriphiid species, 1 porcellanid species, and 4 species of hermit crab. The shore crab, Ptychognathus barbatus, was the most abundant species (representing the 55.6% of the total number of specimens). 33 species were recorded in the rocky shore, including 8 species of hermit crab, 4 porcellanid species, 1 portunid species, 1 goneplacid pecies, 7 eriphiid pecies, 4 xanthid species, and 1 grapsid species. The dominant species was Calcinus laevimanus (representing 41.2% of the total number of specimens) in the low and middle tidal zone, and Epixanthus frontails (representing 39.9% of the total number of specimens) was the dominant species in the high tidal zone. In the sandy shore, 9 species were recorded, including 6 ocypodid species, 1 mictyrid species, and 2 grapsid species. The dominant species was the fiddler crab Uca borealis (representing 80.1% of the total number of specimens). The diversity indices showed that the species richness of boulder shore (3.838) was the highest, 2.376 in estuarine shore and 1.137 in sandy shore. The diversity indices represented the species diversity of Homei was not rich. There were seasonal differences in the large crustacean community structure and abundance among the three kinds of coasts. Such variation, were mainly affected by temperature, typhoon and reproductive pattern of crabs. The community structure of large crustacean in estuarine shore has no significant difference between the tidal zonations, while boulder shore has significant difference between tidal zonations. In the sandy shore, the change in community structure between tidal zones was not great except during the reproductive season of the dominant species.
中文摘要...................................................Ⅰ

英文摘要...................................................Ⅲ

目錄........................... ..........................Ⅴ

圖目錄.....................................................Ⅶ

表目錄...................................................ⅩⅠ

第一章 前言.................................................1

第二章 材料與方法............................................7
一、地點的選定..............................................7
二、採樣方式................................................8
三、樣本處理................................................8
四、粒徑分析................................................9
五、數據分析................................................9

第三章 結果................................................11
一、環境因子………..........................................11
二、大型甲殼類之採集........................................12
三、物種組成之季節變化......................................15
四、物種組成之潮區間變化.....................................20

第四章 討論................................................27
一、和美潮間帶的大型甲殼類多樣性..............................27
二、甲殼類多樣性與群聚結構之季節變化..........................31
三、甲殼類多樣性與群聚結構之潮區間變化........................36

參考文獻...................................................41

附錄.......................................... ...........81

謝辭......................... ............................85
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