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研究生:陳玟妤
研究生(外文):Wen-Yu Chen
論文名稱:臺灣東北部海域夏季仔稚魚群聚的日週變化之研究
論文名稱(外文):Diel changes in ichthyoplankton assemblages in the water off northeast Taiwan during summer
指導教授:李明安李明安引用關係王友慈
指導教授(外文):Ming-Anne LeeYu-Tzu Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:環境生物與漁業科學學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:漁業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:99
中文關鍵詞:仔稚魚垂直分布群集分析
外文關鍵詞:ichthyophanktonvertical distributionCluster analysis
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為瞭解台灣東北部海域於夏季時之仔稚魚日週組成特性,於2007年7月31到8月4日間的CR1462、1463共2個航次,分別在湧昇邊緣區、黑潮流域、及沿岸區(宜蘭灣內),以浮游生物採集網(ORI-net)和溫深鹽度計(CTD)來進行仔稚魚的採集和水文資料的觀測,以群集分析和卡方檢定探討臺灣東北部海域仔稚魚群聚與日週垂直分佈的特性。
本次研究水文資料方面,湧昇邊緣表面溫度範圍在23.9度到29.3度間(0~50m),鹽度在34.0到34.6之間變動,黑潮區表面溫度範圍在28.3度到30.2度之間,鹽度在34.3到34.7之間變動,宜蘭灣表面溫度範圍在22.2度到29.6度之間,鹽度在33.7到33.8間。亦即各時間點溫度變化並不明顯,不過鹽度比較上,仍以黑潮區最高,其次為湧昇邊緣,最後為沿岸水域之宜蘭灣。
研究期間共採獲,分屬於75科132類的2,863尾仔稚魚。在仔稚魚群集特性方面,各測站各時間點群集結構並不相同,大致上可將魚群群系分為三群,分別為湧昇邊緣群、宜蘭灣群以及黑潮群。其主要優勢種為:湧昇邊緣為Diaphus B group (14%)、Callionymidae (9%)、Apogonidae (7%)、Diaphus A group (6%)、Gobiidae (4%);黑潮區為Diaphus B group (10%)、Diaphus A group (10%)、Cyclothone alba (7%)、Serranidae (6%)、Vinciguerria nimbaria (4%);宜蘭灣區為Benthosema pterotum (22%)、Hygophum proximum (14%)、Callionymidae (13%)、Gobiidae (11%)、Diaphus B group (5%)。
垂直方面,可以發現許多子稚魚的垂直分布與日光週期有很大的關係,其中以Benthosema pterotum最為明顯,有日週垂直洄游的現象。
This study was carried out in two cruises (CR1462 and 1463) from 31-July 2007 to 4-August 2007 on board of the “Ocean Research II”. We investigated the summertime diel assemblages of ichthyoplankton in the Pacific waters northeast of Taiwan.
The range of water temperature was from 23.9 to 29.3�aC in the surface at the edge of upwelling, from 28.3 to 30.2�aC in the Kuroshio zone, and from 22.2 to 29.6�aC in the coastal area (I-Lan Bay). Salinity was higher in the Kuroshio zone than in the vicinity of upwelling and the I-Lan Bay.
Total numbers of 2,863 larvae were collected from 3 stations, and 132 taxa contributing to 75 families were identified. The relationships of the ichthyoplankton assemblage between stations could be divided into 3 groups by Cluster Analysis. The most dominant species of each group were Diaphus B group (14%), Callionymidae (9%), Apogonidae (7%), Diaphus A group (6%), and Gobiidae (4%) at edge of upwelling zone; Diaphus B group (10%), Diaphus A group (10%), Cyclothone alba (7%), Serranidae (6%), and Vinciguerria nimbaria (4%) in the Kuroshio zone; Benthosema pterotum (22%), Hygophum proximum (14%), Callionymidae (13%), Gobiidae (11%), and Diaphus B group (5%) in the I-Lan Bay.
The vertical migration of larvae was observed in Benthosema pterotum and Diaphus spp. The alternate migration of Diaphus A and B group suggested that separation of habitat at larval stage might be effective in reducing cannibalism.
目 錄

目 錄 I
表目錄 IV
圖目錄 V
摘要 VII
Abstract IX
壹、前言 1
貳、材料與方法 10
一、研究區域概述 10
二、測站及仔稚魚生物採樣 11
1.採樣時間與地點 11
2.採集方法 12
3.水文資料 13
三、生物資料 13
1.種類鑑定 13
2.發育階段判定 14
3.仔稚魚身體各部位量測 15
四、資料分析 15
1.仔稚魚豐度計測 15
2.BVI指數 16
3.多樣性指數 16
4.群聚分析 18
5.檢定 19
參、結果 20
一、水文環境特性 20
二、仔稚魚之種類組成 21
1.仔稚魚豐度 21
2.種類組成 21
三、仔稚魚發育階段之比較 23
四、仔稚魚群聚的多樣性 24
五、仔稚魚群聚結構的時間變動 24
六、仔稚魚日週洄游現象 27
肆、結論 31
伍、討論 32
ㄧ、水文情況 32
二、魚種豐度 34
三、魚種組成 35
四、發育階段 37
五、魚種垂直分佈 38
謝辭 43
參考文獻 44
表 54
圖 69

表目錄

Table 1 各航次各測站之地理位置、採樣時間及深度 54
Table 2 各測站各時間點之種類百分組成 55
Table 3 不同水層之仔稚魚優勢種比較 63
Table 4 各測站各時間點的多樣性指數 66
Table 5 卡方檢定表 67
Table 6 各測站科排名表 68


圖目錄

Fig.1本研究之採樣地點 69
Fig.2仔稚魚各發育階段之區分及其外部型態特徵 70
Fig.3各測站之溫鹽垂直剖面圖 71
Fig.4各時間點的溫鹽結構圖 72
Fig.5各測站各時段不同深度之仔稚魚豐度比較 73
Fig.6仔稚魚組成百分比圖 74
Fig.7各測站間仔稚魚發育階段組成之比較 75
Fig.8各測站各時間點多樣性指數變動圖:(a)歧異度指數、(b)均勻度指數、(c)豐富度指數及 (d)種類數 76
Fig.9仔稚魚組成之群集分析(Cluster Analysis)示意圖 77
Fig.10湧昇邊緣測站仔稚魚群聚構造變化:(a)Cluster Analysis樹狀圖(b)MDS空間構面圖座標(c)MDS示意圖 78
Fig.11黑潮區測站仔稚魚群聚構造變化:(a)Cluster Analysis樹狀圖(b)MDS空間構面圖座標(c)MDS示意圖 79
Fig.12宜蘭灣測站仔稚魚群聚構造變化:(a)Cluster Analysis樹狀圖(b)MDS空間構面圖座標(c)MDS示意圖 80
Fig.13魚種垂直移動圖 81
Fig.14 Diaphus屬的模式種Diaphus theta 84
Fig.15 Diaphus A,B group 85
Fig.16七星魚(Benthosema pterotum)垂直分層 86
Fig.17七星魚及溫鹽垂直分佈圖 87
Fig.18 Diaphus A、B group的體長、體高分佈圖 88
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