(3.236.118.225) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/16 14:39
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:李昱廷
研究生(外文):Yu-Tian Lee
論文名稱:利用超重力填充床生產生質柴油的油品性質及引擎特性
論文名稱(外文):Fuel properties and engine performance of biodiesel produced from high-gravity packed bed
指導教授:林成原林成原引用關係
指導教授(外文):Cherng-Yuan Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:輪機工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:生質柴油旋轉填充床皂腳高酸油轉酯化
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:147
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
摘要
生質柴油是全球正積極推動的低碳清潔替代性燃料,以動、植物油脂提煉而成,可取代柴油以降低排氣污染及減少溫室效應氣體排放及提高燃燒效率。生質柴油尚具有高閃火點、高生物分解性、富氧成份、無毒等優點。目前發展生質柴油為替代燃料的最大障礙為其價格較高無法與超級柴油競爭。黃豆皂腳是黃豆油精煉過程末端之下腳料,經濟價值低,但經過一些預處理程序可製成皂腳高酸油作為提煉生質柴油的原料油。另外超重力旋轉填充床是以高速旋轉下產生之強大離心力使液汽二相流體高速混合,可提高反應流體之質傳及熱傳效率,本研究將皂腳高酸油及甲醇與觸媒混合物進入超重力旋轉填充床進行轉酯化反應,所得之生質柴油油品性質較市售生質柴油具有較高的熱值,較高的16烷指數,以及較低的殘碳量,而在引擎性能及排氣方面則具有比市售生質柴油較低的耗油率,在CO以及CO2排放濃度比生質柴油略高一些,但是有較高的燃料轉換效率,其餘方面則和市售生質柴油相似。

關鍵詞:生質柴油、旋轉填充床、皂腳高酸油、轉酯化
目錄

誌謝.......................................................I
摘要......................................................II
Abstract.................................................III
目錄......................................................IV
表目錄...................................................IX
圖目錄...................................................XI
第一章 前言.................................................1
1-1研究背景.................................................1
1-2研究動機.........................................2
1-3研究目的............................................4
第二章 文獻回顧...................................5
2-1生質柴油與皂腳..............................................5
2-2 皂腳高酸油的成分................................6
2-3高游離脂肪酸的預先處理........................6
2-4 高游離脂肪酸生產生質柴油的製程.........
2-4-1 酸催化製程...............................9
2-4-2皂腳酸催化製程..............................9
2-4-3 鹼催化製程..............................11
2-5 活性白土的脫色處理...............................12
第三章 實驗設備與方法......................................13
3-1量測生質柴油性質設備...............................13
3-1-2測試油品性質設備.................................13
3-2-3柴油引擎與量測排放氣體設備.....................15
3-2 實驗步驟...............................................16
3-3 油品性質檢測實驗步驟.................................17
3-4 柴油引擎實驗步驟...................................23
第四章 結果與討論........................................26
4-1 不同進油溫度及轉速的油品性質分析................26
4-2 高酸油生質柴油引擎性能及排氣特性分析.................35
第五章 結論...............................43
參考文獻...............................44
附表.......................................50
附圖........................................52
附錄一.....................................65
附錄二...........................67
附錄三..............................70
參考文獻
1.B. Heywood, “Motor vehicle emissions control:past achievements,future prospects”, Handbook of Air Pollution from Internal Combustion Engines - Pollution Formation and Control, edited by E. Sher, Academic Press Limited, London, U.k., pp. 3~7, 1998.
2.N. Tanikawa, T. Imai and K. Urano, “Characteristics of continuous analyzers for nitrous oxide (N2O) in flue gas from municipal incinerators”,The Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 175 , pp. 199~205, 1995.
3.M.S. Graboski, R.L. McCormick, “Combustion of fat and vegetable oil derived fuels in diesel engine”, Progressive Energy and Combustion Science, Vol. 97, pp. 125~164, 1998.
4.A. Monyem, J. H. Van Gerpen, “The effect of biodiesel oxidation on engine performance and emissions”, Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 20, pp. 317~325, 2001.
5.B. Freedman, E.H. Prede, T.L. Mounts, “Variables affecting the yields of fatty esters from transesterified vegetable oils”, Journal of American Oil Chemist’s Society, Vol. 61, pp. 1638~1643, 1984.
6.J. M. Marchetti, V. U. Miguel, A. F. Errazu,“Possible methods for biodiesel production”,Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 11, pp. 1300~1311, 2007.
7.陳昱劭,旋轉填充床中黏度對質傳影響之研究,國立台灣大學化學工程學研究所,2004。
8.M. J. Hass, “Improving the economics of biodiesel production through the use of low value lipids as feedstocks: vegetable oil soapstock”, Fuel Processing Technology, Vol. 86, pp. 1087~1096, 2005.
9.M. J. Haas, K. M. Scott, T. L. Alleman, R. L. McCormick,“Engine performance of biodiesel fuel prepared from soybean soapstock: a high quality renewable fuel produced from a waste feedstock”, Energy and Fuels, Vol. 15, pp. 1207-1212, 2001.
10.B. Lavers, USDA, “USA Oil and Fats International”, July 2003。
11.Y.C. Sharma, B. Singh, S.N. Upadhyay, “Advancements in
development and characterization of biodiesel: a review”, Fuel, Vol. 87, pp. 2355~2373.
12.M. Canakci, J.V. Gerpen, “Biodiesel production via acid catalysis”, ASAE, Vol. 42(5), pp. 1203~1210, 1999.
13.B. Freedman, E.H. Pryde, T.L. Mounts, “Variables affecting the yields of fatty esters from transesterified vegetable oils”, JAOCS, Vol. 61(10), pp. 1638~1643, 1984.
14.B. Freedman, R.Butterfield,E.Pryde “Transesterification kinetics of soybean oil”, JAOCS, Vol. 63(10),pp.1375~1380, 1986.
15.M. Mittelbach, B. Pokits, A. Silberholz, “Production and fuel properties of fatty acid methyl esters from used frying oil, in liquid fuels from renewable resources”, Proceeding of an Alternative Energy Conference, ASAE, pp. 74-78, 1992.
16.B.K. Barnwal, M.P. Sharma, “Prospects of biodiesel production from vegetable oils in India”, Renew Sust Energy Rev, Vol. 9(4), pp. 363~378, 2005.
17.M. Canakci, J. Van Gerpen, “Biodiesel production from oils and fats with high free fatty acids”, Transactions of the ASAE, Vol. 44(6), pp. 1429~1436, 2001.
18.B. Freedman, E.H. Pryde. “Fatty esters from vegetable oils for use as a diesel fuel”, ASAE, pp.117~122, 1982.
19.董懷仁,廢食用油與高酸油製造生質柴油之反應參數探討,國立清華大學化學工程研究所碩士論文,2006。
20. A.S. Ramadhas, S. Jayaraj, C.Muraleedharan, “Biodiesel production from high FFA rubber seed oil”, Fuel, Vol. 84, pp. 335~340, 2005.
21.林鴻儒,以再生白土吸附脫酸大豆油中自由脂肪酸之吸附動力學研究,國立台灣科技大學化學工程系碩士論文,2003。
22.M.R. Armstrong, C.E. Ireland, “The bleaching of soybean oil. aspectrophotometric evaluation “, Journal of the American Oil Chemist's Society, Vol. 35, pp. 425-428, 1958.
23.G.L. Borman, K.W. Ragland, Combustion Engineering,McGraw-Hill, Singapore, pp. 35~36, 1998.
24.林修安,生質柴油煉製及其引擎性能與腐蝕特性研究,國立臺灣海洋大學航運技術研究所碩士論文,2002。
25.American Oil Chemists' Society, Official method for acid value, cd3d-63, 1989.
26.涂漢欽,工業分析暨實驗,正文書局,pp. 199-203,1991。
27.American Oil Chemists' Society, Official method for peroxide value,cd 8, 1980.
28.L.C. Meher, V.S.S. Dharmagadda, S.N.Naik, “Optimization of alkali-catalyzed transesterification of Pongamia pinnata oil for production biodiesel”, Bioresour Technol, Vol. 97, pp.1392~1397, 2006.
29.Y.C. Sharma, B. Singh “Development of biodiesel from karanja, a tree found in rural India.”, Fuel, 2007.
30.D.Y.C. Leung, Y. Guo “Transesterification of nest and used frying oil: Optimization for biodiesel production”, Fuel Processing Technology, Vol. 87, pp. 883~890, 2006.
31.G. Knothe, K. R. Steidley, “Kinematic viscosity of biodiesel fuel components and related compounds. influence of compound structure and comparison to petrodiesel fuel components,Fuel, Vol. 84, pp. 1059~1065, 2005.
32.S. Romano “Vegetable oils: a new alternative”, In: Vegetable Oils Fuels - Proceedings of the International Conference on Plant and Vegetable Oils as Fuels”, ASAE, pp. 101–116, 1982.
33.N. Ellis, F. Guan, T. Chen, C. Poon, “ Monitoring biodiesel production using in situ viscometer. ”, Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 138, pp. 200~206, 2007.
34.N.U. Soriano , V.P. Migo, M. Matsumura, “Ozonized vegetable oil as pour point depressant for neat biodiesel”, Fuel, Vol. 85, pp. 25~31, 2006.
35.C.Y. Maya, Y.C. Liang, C.S. Foon, M.A. Ngan, C.C. Hook, Y.Basiron, “Key fuel properties of palm oil alkyl esters”, Fuel, Vol. 84, pp. 1717~1720, 2005.
36.A. Kumar Tiwari, A. Kumar, H. Raheman, “Biodiesel
production from jatropha oil (Jatropha curcas) with high free fatty acids: an optimized process”, Biomass Bioenergy, Vol. 31, pp. 569~575, 2007.
37.B.K. Bala, “Studies on biodiesels from transformation of vegetable oils for diesel engines”, Energy Education Science and Technology, Vol. 15, pp. 1-45, 2005.
38.林義偉,超臨界甲醇提煉皂腳高酸油為生質柴油之研究,國立台
灣海洋大學輪機工程學系碩士論文,2007。
39.X. Miao, Q. Wu, “Biodiesel production from heterotrophic microalgal oil.”, Bioresource Technology, Vol. 97, pp. 841~846, 2006.
40.P. Kwanchareon, A. Luengnaruemitchai, S. Jai-In,“Solubility of a diesel–biodiesel–ethanol blend, its fuel properties, and its emission characteristics from diesel engine”, Fuel, Vol. 86, pp. 1053~1061, 2007.
41.A.V. Tomasevic, S.S.S. Marinkovic, “Methanolysis of used frying oil”, Fuel Processing Technology, Vol. 81, pp. 1~6, 2003.
42.M.W. Balskos and E.E. Hernandez, “Catalyst character and performance in edible oil hydrogenation”, Catalysis Today, Vol. 35, pp. 415-425, 1997.
43.G. Knothe, “Some aspects of biodiesel oxidative stability”,Fuel Processing Technology, Vol. 88, pp. 669~677, 2007.
44.A.S. Ramadhas, C. Muraleedharan,S.Jayaraj, “Performance and emission evaluation of a diesel engine fueled with methyl esters of rubber seed oil”, Renewable Energy, Vol. 30, pp. 1789~1800, 2005.
45.P. Kwanchareon, A. Luengnaruemitchai, S. Jai-In,“Solubility of a diesel–biodiesel–ethanol blend, its fuel properties, and its emission characteristics from diesel engine”, Fuel, Vol. 86, pp. 1053~1061, 2007.
46.M.J. Haas,K.M.Scott,T.L.Alleman,R.L.McCormick, “Engine
performance of biodiesel fuel prepared from soybean soapstock: a high quality renewable fuel produced from a waste feedstock”, Energy and Fuels, Vol. 15, pp. 1207~1212, 2001.
47.C. Y. Lin, H. A. Lin, “Diesel engine performance and emission characteristics of biodiesel produced by the peroxidation process”,Fuel, Vol. 85, pp. 298~305, 2006.
48.郭名峰,改善生質柴油燃料性質的提煉技術研究,國立臺灣海洋
大學輪機工程學系碩士論文,2006。
49.J.B. Heywood, “Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals”, McGraw-Hill Inc., Singapore, pp. 162~165, 1995.
50.S. Puhan, N. Vedaraman, V.B. Ram, G. Sankarnarayanan, K. Jeyhandran, “Mahua oil methyl ester as biodiesel-preparation and emission characteristics”, Biomasss and Bioenergy, Vol. 28, pp. 87~93, 2005.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊