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研究生:林韋伶
研究生(外文):Wei-Ling Lin
論文名稱:以結構方程模式探討健康行為及健康相關生活品質之促進:以「運動」行為為例
論文名稱(外文):Investigating Promotion of Health Behavior and Health-related Quality of Life by Structural Equation Modeling:Using “Exercise” as an Example
指導教授:姚開屏姚開屏引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kai-ping Yao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:心理學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:英文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:自我決定論需求動機運動健康相關生活品質
外文關鍵詞:self-determination theoryneedsmotivationexercisehealth-related quality of life
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  • 被引用被引用:1
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In order to prevent chronic diseases, individuals should actively pay more attention to their own health conditions and not merely rely on the medical system passively. The purpose of this study attempts to investigate the impact of individual health behaviors, specifically the exercise behavior, to his/her health-related quality of life from “positive” viewpoints by applying Deci and Ryan’s self-determination theory (SDT). Four hundred and fifty-nine undergraduate students at National Taiwan University participated in this study. Four sets of questionnaires concerning the basic psychological needs in exercise, health motivation, exercise behavior, and quality of life were used in this study. The quantitative analysis of the questionnaires was conducted through descriptive statistics and structural equation modeling (SEM) in order to indicate any relationships between two latent factors or a latent factor and a manifested variable. Results of this study showed that there are stronger relationships between the basic psychological needs in exercise, the intrinsic health motivation, the exercise behavior, and the psychological domain of quality of life. Furthermore, the basic psychological needs in exercise are also linked directly to the psychological domain of quality of life. The results also indicate that the viewpoint of SDT can be used for predicting the health-related quality of the life. There is the relationship between the basic psychological needs in exercise and health-related quality of life. The study concludes that the satisfaction of three basic psychological needs can increase personal intrinsic health motivation, enable people to care about their own health more voluntarily, increase the possibility to do health behavior, and have better health-related quality of life.
Introduction…………………………………………………………………………....1
Positive psychology and Self-determination theory………...................................3
Self-determination theory……………………………………………………...…5
Basic Psychological Needs…………….………………………………........5
Motivation……………………………………………………………..……6
Basic Needs and Intrinsic Motivation…………………………………........8
Intrinsic Motivation and Behavior………………………………………….8
Need Satisfaction and Well-being………………………………………….9
Intrinsic Motivation and Well-being………………………………….…10
Research Model………….……………………………………………………...10
Methods……………………………………………………….………………….…..14
Data……………………………………………………………………………..14
Measures……………………………….………………………………………..14
Basic Psychological Needs in Exercise Scale……………………………..14
Health Motivation Scale………………………………...............................15
Exercise Behavior Scale……………………………….………….……….16
Quality of Life Questionnaire……………………………………………...16
Analytic Approach……………………………………………………………....18
Specification of structural equation modeling…………………………….18
Statistical Analysis………………………………………………………..19
Data analysis………………………………………………………………21
Goodness of fit evaluation………………………………………………...22
Results………………………………………………………………………………..24
Descriptive results……………………………………………………………….24
Results of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM)………………………………..25
Model 1……………………………………………………………………25
Model 2……………………………………………………………………31
Discussions and Conclusions…………………………………………………...……35
Reference……………………………………………………………………………..44
Tables....………………………………………………………………………………60
Figures………………………………………………………………………………72
Appendix……………………………………………………………………………..81
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